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Zotero

This page describes some of the reported issues with the Zotero word processor plugins, together with possible solutions.

Formatting issues

Citations and bibliographies generated by the word processor plugins might appear in a different style (font, font-size, etc) than the surrounding text. The appearance of the generated text can be changed by changing the default style. For example, in LibreOffice, open the Styles Manager in Format → Styles and Formatting or by pressing F12. Right-click on “Default”, select “Modify”, and make the desired changes to this style. In Word, open the Styles Manager in Format → Styles or by clicking the “Styles Pane” or “Manage Styles” buttons on the “Home” tab of the ribbon.

Bibliography formatting is controlled by the citation style you select in Zotero document preferences and should conform to the requirements of the style in use. The formatting of the bibliography can be modified by editing the “Bibliography” (Word) or “Bibliography 1” (LibreOffice) word processor style.

Zotero toolbar doesn't appear

In most cases, the Zotero plugin should appear automatically in Word or LibreOffice after installing Zotero and restarting the word processor. If you don't see a Zotero tab or toolbar (or Zotero scripts menu for Word 2008/2011 for Mac), follow these steps:

  1. Close Word or LibreOffice.

  2. In the Cite pane of the Zotero preferences, open the Word Processors tab, click “Install Microsoft Word Add-in” or “Install LibreOffice Add-in”, and then restart your word processor.

    • If you don't see the installation buttons in the Cite pane, you'll need to repair your Zotero installation:

      1. Go to Tools → Add-ons in Zotero.

      2. Make sure “Zotero Word for Mac”, “Zotero for Windows Integration”, and/or “Zotero LibreOffice Integration” are enabled. If any are not, click the “Enable” button.

      3. If the “Enable” button is grayed out and you are unable to click it, click the “Remove” button and restart Zotero.

      4. If you don't see the integration plugins in Add-ons at all, then you should re-download and re-install Zotero. It is not necessary to uninstall Zotero before re-installing; simply install Zotero over the top of the existing installation. (Note: Re-installing Zotero rarely fixes problems and should not be used as a general troubleshooting step. This is one of the few instances where re-installation is helpful.)

      5. If you still don't see the installation buttons in the Cite → Word Processors pane of the Zotero preferences, it may help to open your Zotero profile directory, delete extensions.json, and restart Zotero. If you've installed any third-party plugins, you may need to reinstall them.

  3. If the Zotero tab or toolbar still doesn't appear in your word processor after clicking the install button in the Zotero preferences and restarting your word processor, follow the manual installation instructions.

If you still don't see the plugin after performing a manual installation, follow these OS-specific troubleshooting ​steps:

Fixing broken documents

Field codes instead of citation/bibiliography text

Citations/bibliography highlighted

Citations converted to plain text

Windows

Communication error or non-responsive plugin buttons

If you see one of the following errors:

“Word could not communicate with Zotero. Please ensure Zotero is running and try again.”

“Could not find a running Word instance”

or the plugin appears and buttons are clickable, but no insert citation window appears, try the following steps:

  1. In Zotero, go to Tools → Add-ons and make sure that Zotero Word for Windows Integration is enabled.

  2. Make sure that you're running Zotero as the same user as Word. Specifically, you should check to make sure neither program is running as administrator. For security and stability reasons, you should typically not run any software as administrator.

  3. Try restarting your computer.

  4. Try temporarily disabling any security software you're running, which could interfere with the connection between Word and Zotero.

  5. If you've set up Zotero to use multiple Zotero profiles, you might have configured Zotero to launch with the command-line option. This will prevent the plugins from functioning, and if you've done this you should remove the command-line option from the shortcut used to launch the Zotero profile. This flag should never be used with Zotero.

  6. If the plugins still aren't working, go to your Word Startup folder, delete Zotero.dotm, and restart Word to make sure that the plugin is completely gone from Word. Then reinstall the plugin.

Zotero tab does not appear in the Word Ribbon

First, make sure you've tried the general troubleshooting steps.

If you're using Microsoft Office Starter Edition, note that Zotero Word integration is not supported.

Other things to try:

Check if the Zotero plugin is correctly installed

  1. Open the Templates and Add-ins window by going to File → Options → Add-ins, selecting “Word Add-ins” in the Manage drop-down at the bottom, and clicking “Go…”.

  2. Make sure Zotero.dotm is present and ticked

If Zotero.dotm is present and ticked in the Templates and Add-ins window

  1. Go to File → Options → “Trust Center” and in the right-hand pane click “Trust Center Settings…”.

  2. Under “Add-ins”, make sure that “Require Application Add-ins to be signed by Trusted Publisher” and “Disable all Application Add-ins” are unchecked.

  3. Restart Word.

If the Zotero tab is still not present after these steps, go back into the Trust Center Settings, open the “Macro Settings” pane, and select “Disable all macros with notification”. Restart Word and see if you get a notification asking for macro permissions.

Word 2010: "Could not find a running Word instance"

If you install Zotero with Word 2010 and receive an error stating

“Zotero experienced an error updating your document. [zoteroWinWordIntegration Exception… “Could not find a running Word instance.” code: “0” function: “zoteroWinWordDocument::initFromActiveObject” location: ”.\zoteroWinWordDocument.cpp”]“

you may be experiencing an issue relating to your Word 2010 installation method. Microsoft distributes a set of “Click-to-Run” versions of Office 2010 that are configured to run within their own virtual environment. Unfortunately, this virtual environment prohibits Zotero from communicating with these Word instances, producing an error.

You can fix this problem by switching your copy of Office 2010 from a Click-to-Run installation to a standard (MSI-based) installation. This process does not require an additional license. To do so, follow the steps under the “Workaround” heading on this page.

You may also experience this error if you are running either Word or Zotero as Administrator or in a compatibility mode in Windows Vista or 7, or if security software is interfering with Zotero's ability to communicate with Word.

Run-time error '5097': Word has encountered a problem.

This issue affects the users of the Windows 10 October 2018 Update. To fix it you will need to change your regional format to English:

  1. In “Windows settings” go to the page for “Region”, which has settings for “Regional format”

  2. Change that setting to “English (United States)” or “English (United Kingdom)”

  3. Restart Word

"This command is not available because no document is open"

Zotero's Word add-on currently does not work for documents in OneDrive. Move your document to a different folder. Other cloud-syncing services such as Dropbox or Google Drive are not affected (note that Zotero documents should not be opened or edited in Google Drive's word proccessor as this will break Zotero citations. See this thread for details and developments.

Citations remain in endnotes when switching to in-text style

When switching from a note-based style set to “Endnotes” under Set Document Preferences to a style that produces in-text citations (author-date or numeric), the citations remain in endnotes.

Workaround: Before switching to the in-text style, click on “Set Document Preferences” in the Word add-on and switch the format to “Footnotes.” Then switch to the in-text style. If you did already switch to the in-text style and are seeing this issue, switch back to the note-based style you were using, toggle to “Footnotes,” and switch back.

Mac

Tab does not appear in Word 2016/2019

Version 15.41 and higher

Make sure you're running the latest stable version of Word.

If the tab still does not appear, check whether the plugin was installed in Word correctly:

  1. Go to Tools → Templates and Add-ins.

  2. Make sure that “Zotero.dotm” is present under Global Templates and Add-ins” and is checked.

If Zotero.dotm still doesn't show up, you may not have correctly performed the manual installation steps to copy Zotero.dotm to your current Word Startup folder.

Version < 15.41

Update Word to the latest stable version (15.41 or above). If the tab still doesn't appear, follow the steps above for Word version 15.41 and higher.

Toolbar does not appear in Word 2011 or is incompatible

First, make sure you've tried the general troubleshooting steps.

Next, make sure you are running the last available version of Word 2011, 14.7.7.

Finally, check whether “Zotero Bibliographic Management” shows up in the View → Toolbars menu within Word. If it does but it isn't enabled, enable it.

Scripts do not appear in Word 2008/2011 or are incompatible

On a system with a non-English version of Office 2008/2011 for Mac, the plugin scripts may not appear in Word automatically. Alternatively, after upgrading the plugin, you may receive a message saying that the plugin is incompatible with the installed version of Zotero.

These problems indicate that the new scripts were not installed into the correct location. By default, Zotero installs the scripts into ~/Library/Application Support/Microsoft/Office/Word Script Menu Items or ~/Documents/Microsoft User Data/Office/Word Script Menu Items if either of these folders exist, or asks where to install them if it does not. Since non-English versions of Office prior to Office 2011 SP2 do not use the Microsoft User Data folder, but rather a folder with an equivalent name in the Office language, this can be problematic for non-English Office users. There are three potential solutions:

  1. If you have Office 2011, install the latest available updates. You can then reinstall the Word scripts from Zotero. In Zotero, go to the Cite → Word Processors pane of Zotero preferences, click the “Reinstall Microsoft Word Add-in” button, and then restart Word. If you don't see the option to reinstall the Word Add-in, open Tools → Add-ons and ensure that Zotero Word for Mac Integration is present and enabled. If it is missing, see Zotero toolbar doesn't appear.

  2. If you have only non-English versions of Office installed, you can delete the Microsoft User Data folder if it contains nothing other than the Zotero scripts. You can then re-install the Zotero scripts by going to the Cite → Word Processors pane of the Zotero preferences and clicking the “Reinstall Microsoft Word Add-in” button.

  3. If you have both English and non-English versions of Office installed, you should copy the Zotero folder from ~/Documents/Microsoft User Data/Word Script Menu Items to the equivalent folder for your non-English version of Office. You can find the correct directory by selecting “About This Menu…” (or non-English equivalent) from the script menu and clicking “Open Folder”.

“Word could not communicate with Zotero. Please ensure that Zotero is open and try again.”

First, make sure the Zotero app is open and running on your computer. Note that this is the Zotero program, not the Zotero website or Zotero Connector in your browser.

If Zotero is open and you're still receiving this error, the most likely causes are previously having started Zotero from a disk image instead of dragging it to Applications and starting from there or having two copies of the Zotero app in different locations on your computer (e.g., a “Zotero” and “Zotero 2” in Applications). Close Zotero, open the Zotero profile directory, and delete extensions.json. Then restart Zotero.

If you continue to receive the error after deleting extensions.json, go to Tools → Add-ons in Zotero and make sure the Word and LibreOffice plugins are enabled. If they show as disabled, enable them. If they show as incompatible, you may have previously installed a very old version of the plugin, and you should uninstall it and restart Zotero. Current plugins are bundled with Zotero and don't need to be installed separately.

No response from plugin

If you get no response when you attempt to use the Word plugin, try the following steps:

  1. Restart Word and try again.

  2. Close Word and go to Tools → Add-ons → Extensions in Zotero. Make sure Zotero Word for Mac Integration is listed and enabled. If it is disabled, enable it. If it is missing entirely, see Zotero toolbar doesn't appear. After re-enabling/re-installing Zotero Word for Mac Integration, open the Cite → Word Processors pane of Zotero preferences and click “Reinstall Microsoft Word Add-in” on the “Word Processors” tab. Restart Word and try again.

If using Word 2011, make sure you are running the last available version, 14.7.7. If the problem persists with 14.7.7, this may indicate a problem with Visual Basic for Applications. If the above steps do not resolve the issue, follow these steps for resolving Visual Basic for Applications-related issues.

Visual Basic for Applications error

Some Word 2011 users may see the following message upon attempting to insert a citation or bibliography into any Word document using the Script menu:

“Zotero could not perform this action. Please ensure that a document is open. If you have performed a custom installation of Office, you may need to run the installer again, ensuring that “Visual Basic for Applications” is selected.”

Attempting to use the Zotero toolbar may result in no response, accompanied by an error message reading “Word could not fire event” when closing the document.

This error indicates that Visual Basic for Applications is malfunctioning, which may happen for several reasons:

  • Office 2011 may have been installed without Visual Basic for Applications. If you did not select Visual Basic for Applications during installation, or if you're not sure, reinstall Office 2011, making sure to select this option.

  • A character with an accent or diacritic may be present in the path to Microsoft Word (e.g., in the name of your hard disk).

  • The OLE Registration Database may be corrupt. Delete the OLE Registration Database, located in Home/Library/Preferences/Microsoft/Office 2011. Word will regenerate this file the next time it is opened. (On macOS Lion and later, the Library directory is hidden by default, but you can open it by holding down the Option key and selecting it from the Go menu.)

Linux

The Zotero Word for Windows plugin does not work out of the box under WINE, CrossOver Office, or other compatibility environments for Linux. We do not support running the Word for Windows plugin under Linux, and advise users to use LibreOffice instead. If you absolutely must run Zotero in WINE, this forum thread has some helpful tips.

As of March 2016, the following steps should work getting Office 2010 run with Zotero.

1. Install Office 2010 and Zotero on Wine

2. Change directory to /home/%user%/.wine/drive_c/users/%user%/Application Data/Microsoft/Word/STARTUP/. Substitute “Zotero.dot” file with this file

3. Open Zotero.

4. Open Microsoft Word.

Thanks to Sudarlin Laoddang for providing these instructions on his blog.

All Platforms

Zotero requires LibreOffice 5.2 or later. If you are using an older version, upgrade to the current version of LibreOffice. See System Requirements. Apache OpenOffice and NeoOffice are based on older versions of LibreOffice and are not supported by Zotero.

Installation error

At the last step of LibreOffice Integration installation, you may see the message

“An error occurred installing Zotero LibreOffice Integration.”

If you experience this error during plugin installation:

  • Check that LibreOffice is up to date, as new Java releases sometimes introduce incompatibilities with LibreOffice.

  • Open the LibreOffice preferences by going to Tools → Options (Windows/Linux) or LibreOffice → Preferences… (Mac). In the dialog, click LibreOffice → Advanced. Ensure that “Use a Java runtime environment” is checked and that a JRE is selected in the list below.

    • If no JRE appears in the list, install the current Java JDK.

    • On macOS, LibreOffice 6.4 and 7.1+ work with all JDK versions. LibreOffice 7.0 does not work with JDK versions above 12 on macOS.

    • M1 Mac users on LibreOffice versions before 7.3 should install the x64 version of the JDK rather than the aarch64 version. LibreOffice 7.3 adds support for the ARM version of the JDK.

Next, restart Zotero, open the Cite pane of the Zotero preferences, and click the Install LibreOffice Add-in button on the “Word Processors” tab.

When you are asked to locate your LibreOffice installations, ensure that your LibreOffice installation is listed. (You can add new LibreOffice installations by clicking the “Add Directory…” button below.)

If installation continues to fail, repeat the same steps, but click the Manual Installation button. This will open a folder containing the integration component to be installed within LibreOffice itself. Double-click this component to install it, or select Tools → Extension Manager within LibreOffice, click the Add button, and navigate to the component. While this is unlikely to succeed, it will provide further information about the cause of the installation failure.

If you believe your Java configuration is correct and you're still getting an error for a manual installation attempt, you can try deleting some or all of your LibreOffice profile folder, which can fix problems installing LibreOffice extensions.

If you receive an error stating “Could not create Java implementation loader” when attempting to perform a manual installation, follow the instructions below for the Windows, Mac, or Linux.

If you receive an error stating “JNI exception occurred” on Linux, follow these instructions.

For errors not listed below, post the error you receive during manual installation to the Zotero Forums.

Toolbar is missing

Check if there's an entry for Zotero under View → Toolbars. If not, look for the Zotero LibreOffice Integration plugin in Tools → Extension Manager. If it's in not there, return to Zotero and the Cite pane of Zotero preferences. On the “Word Processors” tab, click the “Install LibreOffice Add-in” button. If you get an error, refer to installation troubleshooting instructions.

Buttons are unresponsive after updating LibreOffice

Unresponsive Zotero toolbar buttons are an indication of LibreOffice not having access to a working Java JRE. Refer to the Installation Error section.

NullPointerException or lastDataListener is undefined error

In Zotero LibreOffice Integration, when attempting to add or edit a citation or bibliography, you may see the message

java.Lang.NullPointerException at org.zotero.integration.ooo.comp.Comm.getMessageResponse

or the message

[JavaScript Error: “_lastDataListener is undefined” … when calling method: [zoteroIntegrationApplication::getActiveDocument]

This error indicates that the version of the extension within Zotero does not match the version of the extension within LibreOffice, typically because installation failed. Try reinstalling the plugin. If the installation fails, or you continue to experience this error after reinstalling, see the above section on how to resolve an installation error.

Users with other word processor integration plugins (Word for Mac or Word for Windows) installed should also make sure that those plugins are the latest available versions.

Add Extension(s)...does not exist error

When attempting to manually install Zotero LibreOffice Integration, you may see the message

Add extension(s): «DIRECTORY»/Zotero_LibreOffice_Integration.oxt does not exist

We believe this is caused by a corrupt LibreOffice profile directory. Move or delete the LibreOffice profile directory, then follow the instructions above to reinstall the Zotero LibreOffice extension. (This will revert any LibreOffice settings you have customized to their default state.)

Windows

Could not create Java implementation loader

Upon manual installation of the LibreOffice component, you may see the message

“Could not create Java implementation loader”

This error reflects a faulty Java installation within LibreOffice. This issue affects not only Zotero, but any LibreOffice extension that uses Java. Follow the steps below, testing whether manual installation succeeds after each.

  • Check that LibreOffice is up to date, as new Java releases sometimes introduce incompatibilities with LibreOffice.

  • Make sure that Java is installed and enabled in LibreOffice. Choose Tools → Options → LibreOffice → Java (or Advanced). Ensure that “Use a Java runtime environment” is checked, and that a JRE appears in the list below. (It may take a few seconds to load.)

  • Remove the Zotero LibreOffice Integration component from Tools → Extension Manager and uninstall and reinstall LibreOffice.

  • If you have recently upgraded from Java 6 to Java 7, you may need to follow these instructions to fix your Java installation. Oracle's Java installer does not completely remove older versions of Java, and this can confuse LibreOffice.

Mac

Could not create Java implementation loader

Upon manual installation of the LibreOffice component, you may see the message

“Could not create Java implementation loader”

This is usually caused by an outdated version of LibreOffice that does not properly locate the system Java installation. It can be resolved by installing LibreOffice 5.2 or later.

Linux

JNI exception

Upon manual installation of the LibreOffice extension, you may see the message

(com.sun.star.uno.RuntimeException) { { Message = JNI exception occurred“, Context = (com.sun.star.uno.XInterface) @7f01b00518b8 (ImplementationName = “com.sun.star.comp.stoc.JavaMachine”) } }

The most common cause of this error is a deselected Java installation due to a system update. To fix this, open Tools → Options, select LibreOffice → Java (or Advanced) on the left, press the radio button to the left of your Java installation, and close LibreOffice. You should now be able to reinstall the LibreOffice extension from within Zotero.

Could not create implementation loader, or clicking toolbar buttons does not have an effect

On some Linux installations the Zotero toolbar refuses to install properly in LibreOffice, or is visible in LibreOffice, but clicking the buttons has no effect.

Installing the libreoffice-java-common package, available in the repositories of most common linux distributions, usually solves this issue.

You may still need to activate the extension: In LibreOffice go to Tools → Extension Manager Select “Zotero LibreOffice Integration” and click the “Activate” button.

Writer crashes upon interacting with Zotero

There is a known bug in current 32-bit Linux kernel that causes a 32-bit JRE to crash when used with LibreOffice.

The current solution is to install a 64-bit version of LibreOffice and JRE. You will need to upgrade to a 64-bit version of Linux if you are running a 32-bit version of an OS.

Источник: https://www.zotero.org/support/word_processor_plugin_troubleshooting

Taskbar

Bar displayed on an edge of a GUI desktop that is used to launch and monitor running applications

A taskbar is an element of a graphical user interface which has various purposes. It typically shows which programs are currently running.

The specific design and layout of the taskbar varies between individual operating systems, but generally assumes the form of a strip located along one edge of the screen. On this strip are various icons which correspond to the windows open within a program. Clicking these icons allow the user to easily switch between programs or windows, with the currently active program or window usually appearing differently from the rest. In more recent versions of operating systems, users can also "pin" programs or files so that they can be accessed quickly, often with a single click. Due to its prominence on the screen, the taskbar usually also has a notification area, which uses interactive icons to display real-time information about the state of the computer system and some of the programs active on it.

With the rapid development of operating systems and graphical user interfaces in general, more OS-specific elements have become integrated into and become key elements of the taskbar.

Early implementations[edit]

Windows 1.0[edit]

Windows 1.0, released in 1985, features a horizontal bar located at the bottom of the screen where running programs reside when minimized (referred to as "iconization" at the time), represented by icons. A window can be minimized by double-clicking its title bar, dragging it onto an empty spot on the bar, or by issuing a command from one of its menus. A minimized window is restored by double-clicking its icon or dragging the icon out of the bar.

The bar features multiple slots for icons and expands vertically to provide the user with more rows as more slots are needed. Its color is the same as that of the screen background, which can be customized. Minimized windows can be freely placed in any of the empty slots. Program windows cannot overlap the bar unless maximized.

The Start button did not make an appearance in these early implementations of the taskbar, and would be introduced at a much later date with the release of Windows 95.

Appearance of the bar used for holding minimized windows in Windows 1.0.

Arthur[edit]

Another early implementation can be seen in the Arthur operating system from Acorn Computers. It is called the icon bar[1] and remains an essential part of Arthur's succeeding RISC OS operating system. The icon bar holds icons which represent mounted disc drives and RAM discs, running applications and system utilities. These icons have their own context-sensitive menus and support drag and drop behaviour.

Appearance of Acorn's icon bar in 1987 under Arthur, after launching a number of devices and applications

Amiga[edit]

AmigaOS featured various third party implementations of the taskbar concept, and this inheritance is present also in its successors. For example, AmiDock, born as third-party utility, has then been integrated into AmigaOS 3.9 and AmigaOS 4.0.[2] The AROS operating system has its version of Amistart that is provided with the OS and free to be installed by users, while MorphOS has been equipped with a dock utility just like in AmigaOS or Mac OS X.

Microsoft Windows[edit]

The default settings for the taskbar in Microsoft Windows place it at the bottom of the screen and includes from left to right the Start menu button, Quick Launch bar, taskbar buttons, and notification area. The Quick Launch toolbar was added with the Windows Desktop Update and is not enabled by default in Windows XP. Windows 7 removed the Quick Launch feature in favor of pinning applications to the taskbar itself. On Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012, a hotspot located in the bottom-left corner of the screen replaced the Start button, although this change was reverted in Windows 8.1 and Windows Server 2012 R2.

The taskbar was originally developed as a feature of Windows 95, but it was based on a similar user interface feature called the tray that was developed as part of Microsoft's Cairo project.[3][4][5]

With the release of Windows XP, Microsoft changed the behavior of the taskbar to take advantage of Fitts's law by removing a border of pixels surrounding the Start button which did not activate the menu, allowing the menu to be activated by clicking directly in the corner of the screen.[6]

The first implementation of the modern Windows taskbar in Windows 95.
A standard Windows XPtaskbar with multiple tasks running. Note the Quick Launch toolbar, introduced in Windows 95 OSR 2.5. When the notification area is full, it can be expanded.
The taskbar in Windows 7hides application names in favor of large icons that can be "pinned" to the taskbar even when not running.

Taskbar elements[edit]

  • The Start button, a button that invokes the Start menu (or the Start screen in Windows 8.1). It appears in Windows 9x, Windows NT 4.0 and all its successors, except Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012.
  • The Quick Launch bar, introduced on Windows 95 and Windows NT 4.0 through the Windows Desktop Update for Internet Explorer 4 and bundled with Windows 95 OSR 2.5Windows 98, contains shortcuts to applications. Windows provides default entries, such as Launch Internet Explorer Browser, and the user or third-party software may add any further shortcuts that they choose. A single click on the application's icon in this area launches the application. This section may not always be present: for example it is turned off by default in Windows XP and Windows 7.
  • The Windows shell places a taskbar button on the taskbar whenever an application creates an unowned window: that is, a window that does not have a parent and that is created according to normal Windows user interface guidelines. Typically all Single Document Interface applications have a single taskbar button for each open window, although modal windows may also appear there.
    • Windows 98 and Windows Desktop Update for Windows 95 introduced the ability to minimize foreground windows by clicking their button on the taskbar. They also introduced DeskBands (band objects).[7][8]
    • Windows 2000 introduced balloon notifications.
    • Windows Me added an option to disable moving or resizing the taskbar.
    • Windows XP introduced taskbar grouping, which can group the taskbar buttons of several windows from the same application into a single button. This button pops up a menu listing all the grouped windows when clicked. This keeps the taskbar from being overcrowded when many windows are open at once.
    • Windows Vista introduced window previews which show thumbnail views of the application in real-time. This capability is provided by the Desktop Window Manager. The Start menu tooltip no longer says "Click here to begin" but now says simply "Start".
    • Windows 7 introduced jumplists which are menus that provide shortcuts to recently opened documents, frequently opened documents, folders paths (in case of Windows Explorer), or various options (called Tasks) which apply to that specific program or pinned website shortcut. Jump lists appear when the user right-clicks on an icon in the taskbar or drags the icon upwards with the mouse left click. Recent and frequent files and folders can be pinned inside the jump list.
    • Windows 7 introduced the ability to pin applications to the taskbar so that buttons for launching them appear when they are not running. Previously, the Quick Launch was used to pin applications to the taskbar; however, running programs appeared as a separate button.
    • Windows 7 removed several classic taskbar features.
  • Deskbands are minimized functional, long-running programs, such as Windows Media Player. Programs that minimize to deskbands are not displayed in the taskbar.[9]
  • The notification area is the portion of the taskbar that displays icons for system and program features that have no presence on the desktop as well as the time and the volume icon. It contains mainly icons that show status information, though some programs, such as Winamp, use it for minimized windows. By default, this is located in the bottom-right of the primary monitor (or bottom-left on languages of Windows that use right-to-left reading order), or at the bottom of the taskbar if docked vertically. The clock appears here, and applications can put icons in the notification area to indicate the status of an operation or to notify the user about an event. For example, an application might put a printer icon in the status area to show that a print job is under way, or a display driver application may provide quick access to various screen resolutions. The notification area is commonly referred to as the system tray, which Microsoft states is wrong,[10][11][12] although the term is sometimes used in Microsoft documentation,[13][14][15] articles,[16] software descriptions,[17] and even applications from Microsoft such as Bing Desktop. Raymond Chen suggests the confusion originated with systray.exe, a small application that controlled some icons within the notification area in Windows 95.[5] The notification area is also referred to as the status area by Microsoft.[18][19][20]
    • In older versions of Windows the notification area icons were limited to 16 colors. Windows Me added support for high color notification area icons.
    • Starting with Windows XP, the user can choose to always show or hide some icons, or hide them if inactive for some time. A button allows the user to reveal all the icons.
    • Starting with Windows Vista, the taskbar notification area is split into two areas: one reserved for system icons including clock, volume, network and power; the other for applications.
  • Since the Windows 95 Desktop Update, the Quick Launch bar featured Show desktop as one of its default shortcuts which automatically minimizes all opened applications, redundant with the Winkey-D key combination. On Windows 7, a dedicated Show desktop button was placed to the right of the notification area and could not be removed. With the "Peek" option enabled, hovering over the button hides all opened windows to expose the desktop (leaving outlines of them on-screen). On Windows 10, the "Show desktop" widget changed yet again, being reduced to a narrow iconless strip at the far right of the taskbar.

Customization[edit]

The Windows taskbar can be modified by users in several ways. The position of the taskbar can be changed to appear on any edge of the primary display (except in Windows 11, where the taskbar is permanently fixed at the bottom of the screen and cannot be moved to the top, left, or right side). Up to and including Windows Server 2008, the taskbar is constrained to single display, although third-party utilities such as UltraMon allow it to span multiple displays. When the taskbar is displayed vertically on versions of Windows prior to Windows Vista, the Start menu button will only display the text "Start" or translated equivalent if the taskbar is wide enough to show the full text.[21] However, the edge of the taskbar (in any position) can be dragged to control its height (width for a vertical taskbar); this is especially useful for a vertical taskbar to show window titles next to the window icons.

Users can resize the height (or width when displayed vertically) of the taskbar up to half of the display area. To avoid inadvertent resizing or repositioning of the taskbar, Windows XP and later lock the taskbar by default.[22][23] When unlocked, "grips" are displayed next to the movable elements which allow grabbing with the mouse to move and size. These grips slightly decrease amount of available space in the taskbar.

The taskbar as a whole can be hidden until the mouse pointer is moved to the display edge, or has keyboard focus. The Windows 7+ taskbar does not allow pinning any arbitrary folder to the taskbar, it gets pinned instead to the jumplist of a pinned Explorer shortcut, however third party utilities such as Winaero's Taskbar Pinner can be used to pin any type of shortcut to the Taskbar.[24]

Desktop toolbars[edit]

Other toolbars, known as "Deskbands", may be added to the taskbar.[25] Windows includes the following deskbands but does not display them by default (except the Quick Launch toolbar in certain versions and configurations).

  • Address. Contains an address bar similar to that found in Internet Explorer. (not available in Windows XP SP3, due to legal restrictions).
  • Windows Media Player. Optionally shown when the Windows Media Player is minimized.(Windows XP, Windows Vista)
  • Links. Shortcuts to items located in the user's Links folder. Usually shortcuts to internet sites.
  • Tablet PC Input Panel. Contains a button to show the Tablet PC input panel for ink text entry.
  • Desktop. Contains shortcuts to items contained on the user's desktop. Since the taskbar is always shown, this provides easy access to desktop items without having to minimize applications.
  • Quick Launch. Contains shortcuts to Internet Explorer, email applications and a link to display the desktop. Windows Vista adds a link to the Flip 3D feature.
  • Language. Contains shortcuts to quickly change the desired language for the keyboard to follow.

In addition to deskbands, Windows supports "Application Desktop Toolbars" (also called "appbands") that supports creating additional toolbars that can dock to any side of the screen, and cannot be overlaid by other applications.[26]

Users can add additional toolbars that display the contents of folders. The display for toolbars that represent folder items (such as Links, Desktop and Quick Launch) can be changed to show large icons and the text for each item. Prior to Windows Vista, the Desktop Toolbars could be dragged off the taskbar and float independently, or docked to a display edge. Windows Vista greatly limited, but did not eliminate the ability to have desktop toolbar not attached to the taskbar.[27]Windows 7 has deprecated the use of Floating Deskbands altogether; they only appear pinned into the Taskbar.

  • Upon opening the Taskbar properties on Windows 95 and Windows 98 whilst holding down the CTRL key, an extra tab for DeskBar Options is shown, but no part of it can be used. The DeskBar option was a feature that was never included within these versions of Windows.[28]

Mac OS[edit]

Classic Mac OS did not display a taskbar onscreen by default. Application switching prior to Mac OS 8.5 was done by clicking on an application's window or via a pull-down menu at the right end of the menu bar. Prior to version 8.5 the menu's title was the icon of the foreground application. Version 8.5 introduced the ability to optionally also display the application name and to "tear off" the menu by dragging the title with the mouse. The torn off menu was displayed as a palette. The palette window could be configured using AppleScript to appear much like a taskbar, with no title bar and fixed to one edge of the screen. No control panel was provided by Apple to access this functionality, but third-party developers quickly wrote applications that allowed users unfamiliar with AppleScript to customize their application palettes. Third party taskbars such as DragThing were a popular category of shareware on these systems.

The Dock, as featured in macOS and its predecessor NeXTSTEP, is also a kind of taskbar. The macOS Dock is application-oriented instead of window-oriented. Each running application is represented by one icon in the Dock regardless of how many windows it has on screen. A textual menu can be opened by right-clicking on the dock icon that gives access to an application's windows. Mac OS X 10.2 added the ability for an application to add items of its own to this menu. Minimized windows also appear in the dock, in the rightmost section, represented by a real-time graphical thumbnail of the window's contents. The trash can is also represented in the Dock, as a universal metaphor for deletion. For example, dragging selected text to the trash should remove the text from the document and create a clipping file in the trash.

The right side of macOS's Menu bar also typically contains several notification widgets and quick access functions, called Menu extras.

Unix-like operating systems[edit]

KDE Plasma[edit]

In KDE Plasma 5, taskbar uses Widgets, called "Plasmoids", as elements in taskbar. In the update 5.20 (November 2020) they updated the taskbar to look more like Windows 10.[citation needed]

The new taskbar of Plasma 5.20

GNOME[edit]

GNOME 2 used its own type of taskbar, known as panels (the program responsible for them is therefore called gnome-panel). By default, GNOME 2 usually contains two full-width panels at the top and bottom of the screen. The top panel usually contains navigation menus labeled Applications, Places, and System in that order. These menus hold links to common applications, areas of the file system, and system preferences and administration utilities, respectively.

Default top panel appearance from Ubuntu6.10 to 8.04
Default bottom panel from Ubuntu 6.10 to 8.04

The top panel usually contains a clock and notification area, while the bottom panel contains buttons for navigating between virtual desktops, the window list proper, and a button which minimizes all windows (similarly to Windows' Show desktop button). The contents of panels are handled by widgets called panel applets, which can consist of application shortcuts, search tools, or other tools. The contents of the panels can be moved, removed, or configured in other ways.

GNOME Shell Activitiesview.

In GNOME 3, panels are replaced by GNOME Shell, which consists of a bar across the top of the screen with an Activities button on the left, a clock in the centre, and a notification area on the right. GNOME Shell does not contain a traditional taskbar; users can manage windows, virtual desktops, and launch applications from either a "Dash" on the side of the screen, or by searching from Activities Overview, which is displayed by clicking on the Activities button. GNOME 3.8 introduces Classic Mode, which re-implements certain aspects of GNOME 2's desktop as GNOME Shell extensions.[citation needed]

Other Unix environments[edit]

These desktop environments provide their own implementation of a taskbar:

Standalone window managers that provide an integrated taskbar include:

Programs that offer standalone taskbars for desktop environments or window managers without one include Avant Window Navigator, pypanel, fbpanel, perlpanel, tint2, and others.

References[edit]

  1. ^Dan Ryan (13 April 2011). History of Computer Graphics: DLR Associates Series. AuthorHouse. p. 358. ISBN . Retrieved 13 June 2013.
  2. ^Amiga Amidock Homepage
  3. ^US patent 5825357, Malamud, Marceau, Grauman, Levien, Oran, Bolnick, Barnes, Johnson, Scott, "Continuously accessible computer system interface", issued 1998-10-20, assigned to Microsoft Corporation 
  4. ^Kent Sullivan (April 17, 1996). "The Windows 95 User Interface: A Case Study in Usability Engineering". CHI 96 Design Briefs. Archived from the original on October 22, 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-22.
  5. ^ abChen, Raymond (September 10, 2003). "Why do some people call the taskbar the "tray"?". The Old New Thing. Microsoft. Retrieved 2021-08-12.
  6. ^Harris, Jensen (August 22, 2006). "Giving You Fitts". Jensen Harris: An Office User Interface Blog. Microsoft. Retrieved 2008-01-14.
  7. ^Creating Custom Explorer Bars, Tool Bands, and Desk Bands
  8. ^The Next Windows: Windows 98
  9. ^"Windows Vista Developer Center - The Windows desktop". Archived from the original on 2010-01-27. Retrieved 2008-05-27.
  10. ^"How to remove items from the notification area in Windows 2000". November 1, 2006. Retrieved 2008-10-21.
  11. ^"Microsoft Style Guide: System Tray". Retrieved 2020-02-10.
  12. ^"Notification Area". Microsoft Developer Network. Archived from the original on 2010-01-27. Retrieved 2008-05-27.
  13. ^"How To Manipulate Icons in the System Tray with Visual Basic". 2004-07-15. Retrieved 2009-01-23.
  14. ^"How to use the System Tray directly from Visual Basic". 2006-09-26. Retrieved 2009-01-23.
  15. ^"System Tray Icon Sample". Retrieved 2009-01-23.
  16. ^"System Tray Balloon Tips and Freeing Resources Quickly in .NET". November 2002. Retrieved 2009-01-23.
  17. ^"Microsoft Time Zone". 2004-10-20. Retrieved 2009-01-23.
  18. ^"The Taskbar". Retrieved 2011-06-09.
  19. ^"Shell_NotifyIcon Function". Retrieved 2011-06-09.
  20. ^"How To Manipulate Icons in the System Tray with Visual Basic". Retrieved 2011-06-09.
  21. ^Chen, Raymond (September 20, 2003). "When I dock my taskbar vertically, why does the word "Start" disappear?". The Old New Thing. Microsoft. Retrieved 2008-04-20.
  22. ^"Differences with Windows XP Home Edition". Windows XP Resource Kit. Microsoft. November 3, 2005. Retrieved 2008-04-20.
  23. ^"Cannot Move or Resize the Taskbar or Any Toolbars on the Taskbar (MSKB279774)". Knowledge Base. Microsoft. January 25, 2006. Retrieved 2008-04-20.
  24. ^Taskbar Pinner
  25. ^"Notification Area". Windows Vista User Experience Guidelines. Microsoft. Archived from the original on 2008-10-15. Retrieved 2008-04-20.
  26. ^"Using Application Desktop Toolbars". Microsoft.
  27. ^Create a shortcut toolbar on the desktop
  28. ^DeskBar Options Tab in Taskbar Properties Is Not Functional
Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taskbar

14 Best Free Toolbar Remover Software

14 Free Toolbar Remover Software: – Have you recently installed a software and now you see a toolbar on your browser out of nowhere? Well, that’s very common with the software downloads nowadays that are accompanied with some or other additional installations jamming up your PC. Toolbars are accompanied with different types of malware that affect the performance your PC.

While you are successful in removing some of them using the Control Panel or via the Add-ons Manager of the relevant browsers, most of them are stubborn and does not get uninstalled easily. Some of such toolbars are Ask toolbar, GameNext toolbar, People Search toolbar, Babylon toolbar, ZXY toolbar, MyWebSearch toolbar, Elite toolbar, AVG Secure Search, MyFree toolbar and many more.

See also:4 Free adware removal tools for windows PC

These toolbars either force pop-ups so that you click on them, record your computer usage or to make some money with each installation. If you have the genuine toolbars like Yahoo, Google, Bing, etc. these can be uninstalled easily, however, the ones mentioned above do not additional effort.

Even though it may be difficult to remove these malicious toolbars using only the Control Panel or the Add-ons Manager, we do have other alternatives to take care of them. Today in this post, we have listed some of the best free toolbars remover software that can help you get rid of the stubborn toolbars without much effort. So let’s get going.

Browser Cleaner

If you are using the Internet Explorer, Google Chrome or the Mozilla Firefox and you find your browser invaded with the unwanted toolbars, Toolbar Cleaner can be your right bet this point. This well-known toolbar remover which is also otherwise known as Browser CleanerThe cleaner first scans the browser of any installed toolbar, plugins or extensions and lists them all in its dashboard.

You are prompted to install Anti-phishing Domain Advisor during the Toolbar Cleaner installation. It also asks you to set your homepage as MyStart. However, fret not as you can simply uncheck the boxes to opt out of these options. The best part about this software is that it is fast, extremely simple to use and helps clean almost any toolbar like, the AOL toolbar and over 1,000,000 undesirable toolbars, plugins, add-ons, apps and even BHO that can infect your browser or the PC with harmful spyware or adware.

Multi-Toolbar Remover

As the name suggests, Multi-Toolbar Remover is a software that helps remove not one but multiple toolbars that are blocking your web browser. It is an extremely simple tool that is easy to understand and can be used by even the novice. You can easily remove any unwanted third-party components that might have got installed unintentionally during any other application installation using this lightweight weight tool which is also portable.

What we like about this tool is that it can be run instantly by simply dropping the executable file anywhere on the hard drive. Additionally, if you want to clean the toolbars from your workstations or even notebooks you can simply save the Multi-Toolbar Remover to any portable storage device like a USB flash drive.

It comes with a straightforward user interface that displays all the supported toolbars on startup. You can select all that you want to remove from the list and clean the unwanted toolbars in just one simple click. You can see the changes taking place immediately. Using this utility you can even remove toolbars like, ASK toolbar, Yahoo! Toolbar, Comcast Toolbar and also AOL Toolbar.

Toolbar Uninstaller

If the “Add/Remove Programs” option in your Windows menu has failed to remove the nasty toolbar that clings on to your web browser and you intend not to use it anytime in future again, you can certainly seek assistance from the Toolbar Uninstaller. Toolbar Uninstaller comes with an elemental interface that runs a thorough scan and then lists the installed toolbars.

You can select the ones from the list that you want to remove, put them in the list that says “Toolbars to delete” and then click on the “Remove” button. That’s not all, as the main panel also comes with an additional utility that helps rescan your PC of any other toolbars that might be jamming up your PC.

Improve the efficiency of the app by whitelisting or blacklisting some of the entries on the toolbar database. You can also create a log file if you want, but at the same time, you can also choose to see a warning before the tool uninstalls or closes a toolbar. What’s good about this Toolbar Uninstaller is that it works even with low PC performance without slowing down the system.

 

Toolbar Cleaner

A very basic utility that helps track any existing unwanted toolbars on your computer effortlessly, is Toolbar Cleaner. This tool can help remove these unprecedented toolbars easily, in just one click. Uninstalling the Toolbars that jam up your web browser and the computer will ensure that your PC performance is enhanced and it’s much faster.

It displays all the detected toolbars in a list from where you can select the toolbars you want to uninstall and the ones that you want to keep. Even though basic, Toolbar Remover follows the easiest process to have any unwanted toolbars removed in no time hence, doing exactly what you want.

 

Avast Browser Cleanup Tool

Avast Browser Cleanup Tool is a handy tool that is designed to detect and uninstall any undesirable toolbars that contain malware affecting your web browser. It works with Firefox, Chrome and Internet Explorer, and by removing the alarming add-ons, plugins and toolbars help the browsers to function smoothly.

It offers a clean and straightforward interface that’s easy to use. The search results are arranged based on the browser type and are graded based on quality. On top of that if you are an expert or if you want to troubleshoot for some reason, you will find the technical log of everything that is found connected to your browsers created by Avast Browser Cleanup.

Moreover, the utility is fast compared to a virus scan and presents you with the results in flat 30 seconds.

 

Smart Toolbar Remover

If you want to get rid of those nasty toolbars or the stubborn add-ons Smart Toolbar Remover can be handy to you. The best part about this utility is that while in the process it does not slow down its processor or adds any of its toolbars. Also, if you find your web browser or home page under siege by any add-on or plugin, this toolbar can be your best bet.

As soon as you activate the software it scans your browser of any sticky add-ons and returns the results in test scan. It tracks any toolbar that is found in your browser that you want to uninstall and those of which are not used by you very often as well. You can select the ones you want to remove from the list and the rest is taken care of by the Smart Toolbar Remover.

Whether unwanted toolbars or any junk software this tool cleans them quite efficiently and in no time.

 

AdwCleaner

Clean your computer with all the nuisance toolbars, useless browser add-ons and get rid of any hijackers or irritating adware from your system using the AdwCleaner. It is a lightweight tool that not only eradicates any software installed on your home page or browser but is also extremely easy to navigate.

It does not need to be installed and can be stored on any portable storage device, besides the fact that it does not leave any remains in the computer registry. The best part is, that the tool diagnoses any traces of unwanted or hidden stuff resulting from previous installations, as soon it is launched. You can see the results in form of a text document with all the details like the files and the registry keys of the files and finally, you simply need to press the “Delete” button for the uninstallation process.

For the effect to take place you need to shut down all the utilities and reboot your PC. On the contrary, if and when you want to delete AdwCleaner, you can do so with just the click of a mouse. Therefore, using AdwCleaner you can not only get rid of any unwanted programs, you can also counter the effects of any hijacking malware or eradicate any advertisement on your browser.

Price: Free

Compatibility: Windows XP / XP 64 bit / Vista / Vista 64 bit / 7 / 7 64 bit / 8 / 8 64 bit / 10 / 10 64 bit

EliteToolbar Remover

EliteToolbar Remover is a handy tool that helps remove infiltrations caused by any software download or by the Elite Toolbar itself. What’s amazing is that the entire process requires minimum effort while you can view the running process. During software installation, some of the spyware may even reach the RAM which may cause severe damage to the registry, slow down your PC or hamper the overall performance. This is when the ElteToolbar Remover can come in handy.

You can run this tool directly out of the box as it does not need to be installed. Moreover, its presence does not slow down your PC. You can also store this in a removable storage device for portability and run it via the device. When running in the “Safe Mode” this tool works best and helps erase the specific malware while the files are still in use by Windows.

Remember to run it with administrative permissions and get informed of any hidden malware in the memory of the registry. The EliteToolbar Remover comes with a straightforward interface that displays all the elaborate information on the currently running processes on your PC. Now, simply press the “Scan and Kill Malwares” option and the tool takes care of everything.

Download: http://www.softpedia.com/get/Internet/Popup-Ad-Spyware-Blockers/EliteToolbar-Remover.shtml

Price: Free

Compatibility: Windows 98/2000/XP/2003

Malwarebytes

Another popular name in the category of online security is Malwarebytes that aims to protect your system from any harmful intrusion. It is a leading program that safeguards your system from several types of invading software such as, suspicious spyware, hardcore Trojans, nasty worms, annoying adware and several other threatening viruses.

It comes attached with a unique technology “zero-day threat” for a state-of-the-art work experience. Malwarebytes is available in different varieties such as, (i) Anti-Malware: this is an exceptional corrective tool that destroys zero-day malware using the dissolvable agent; (ii) Anti-Malware for Business: this helps defend the required endpoint malware for the companies, scans and removes the zero-day malware automatically; (ii) Anti-Exploit for Business: targeted for the corporates it block the malicious components automatically before they can harm a program and modify the endpoint.

Overall, Malwarebytes is a highly useful application that defends your system and boosts its ability to fight with the strong mechanism.

Download: http://download.cnet.com/Malwarebytes-Anti-Malware-Free/3000-8022_4-10804572.html

Price: Free

Compatibility: Windows XP/2003/Vista/Server 2008/7/8/10

Junkware Removal Tool

As the website claims, scrub out any junkware, potentially unwanted programs or adware that might be potentially harmful to your PC using Junkware Removal Tool with ease. It helps remove every trace of hijackers or spyware jamming up your system and making it run slow.

You might be used to finding toolbars or add-ons on your web browser each time you download a software, however, it is equally easy for this utility to remove the PUPs. What we like about the Junkware Removal Tool is that it is custom-designed to track and delete more than 250 types of junkware that includes adware and toolbars.

You do not even need to install the utility since it is portable. Just store it in your USB device, plug it on your PC and begin the cleaning process. Not just that, the tool is remarkably fast and cleanses your system within five minutes. Junkware Removal Tool comes with a highly simple user interface that helps simplify operation.

The tool extracts itself on its own and gets installed in the Temp Folder. It maintains a low-key profile and is also easy to delete when your work is completed.

Download: http://download.cnet.com/Junkware-Removal-Tool/3000-8022_4-75910255.html

Price: Free

Compatibility: Windows XP/Vista/7

Ask Toolbar Remover

If you are experiencing a sluggish PC speed, it can be due to the malware that comes along with the software you often download. The ad-supported software are accompanied with different types of malicious toolbars that even change the browser homepage. And, one of such toolbars that affect the speed and performance of your PC is the ASK toolbar powered by Ask.com.

Ask Toolbar Remover is specifically designed to remove the ASK toolbar which is otherwise extremely difficult to remove through a normal process. It is a lightweight and easy to use program that can be used even by the amateurs effortlessly. Using this tool you can easily reset the web browser’s homepage in minutes.

That’s not all, as the application is portable and hence does not need to be installed. Therefore, you can conveniently store ASK Toolbar Remover in a removable storage device and start it from there. What’s to be noted here that it’s presence does not modify the Windows registry.

However, if you want to remove the application you can do that as well with equal comfort, with just a single click of the mouse. Moreover, the program s compact and hence, does not occupy much CPU space.

Download: http://www.softpedia.com/get/Security/Secure-cleaning/ASK-Toolbar-Remover.shtml

Price: Free

Compatibility: All Windows platform

Soft4Boost Toolbar Cleaner

One of the free toolbar remover software that is as efficient as it says is the Soft4boost Toolbar Cleaner. Many times we don’t even realize when we invite the unwanted components like toolbars, add-ons or plugins along with a new software installation and then later it’s become almost impossible to delete them manually. That is when we need this tool to clean our Windows PC.

This application allows you to choose your preferred language from the options that include English, Spanish, French, Dutch, Italian, Danish, etc. Once the program is successfully installed you will find the interface extremely straightforward that offers various options to customize and lets you use the key features.

You can also change the theme from the View menu by choosing the options that say Android, iPhone, Bionix and more for the kind of look you want. Once you are done selecting, simply refresh the options to update the current toolbars list that are currently installed on your system. Now select the checkboxes that you want to delete and then select the option that says “Remove”. Add the toolbar to the ignore list by just right-clicking on them to remove them permanently.

Extremely easy to navigate, this app also offers a Help feature that guides you through the entire program.

Download: http://download.cnet.com/Soft4Boost-Toolbar-Cleaner/3000-2096_4-76018516.html

Price: Free

Compatibility: Windows XP/Vista/7/8/10

Hitman Pro

If you are looking for a portable and state-of-the-art anti-malware application that can help remove any undesirable and malicious components like, suspicious malware, dangerous viruses, spyware, Trojans and much more. There are different versions of Hitman Pro available that are free to download.

According to the website claims, HitmanPro. Alert 3.1 is the world’s most extensive real-time security program that does not require any signature. It renders protection against ransomware, current banking malware, software susceptibilities, crypto locker, and hijacking or hacking by cyber-criminals.

HitmanPro.Kickstart 2.3 prevents your computer performance being hampered by police ransomware that takes your system hostage. HitmanPro 3.7, on the other hand, ensures that your system is protected against malware by your current security tool.

These applications offer three different types of scan viz. quick scan, default scan, and the early warnings.

Download: http://download.cnet.com/HitmanPro-3-32-bit/3000-2239_4-10895604.html

Price: Free to Try

Compatibility: Windows XP/2003/Vista/Server 2008/7/8

Remove Toolbar Buddy

Targeted for the Internet Explorer, Remove Toolbar Buddy restores the browser by eliminating any malicious and unwanted toolbars that might be slowing down your PC. Not just that, it also helps delete toolbar menus, browser help options, and buttons. The best part is that the application helps eliminate all types of plug-ins and add-ons as well, along with restoration and backing up the configuration of the Internet Explorer.

So, if you are unable to uninstall a toolbar manually, Remove Toolbar Buddy comes to your rescue. Toolbars from Bing, Ask, Google, MSN, Babylon, crawler and toggle are some of them that the program helps remove from the web browser.

Download: http://download.cnet.com/Remove-Toolbar-Buddy/3000-12512_4-52541.html

Price: Free

Compatibility: Windows NT/2000/XP/2003/Vista/Server 2008/7

Madhu 5 Min

I find passion in writing Tech articles around Windows PC and softwares

Filed Under: Freeware

Источник: https://thegeekpage.com/14-best-free-toolbar-remover-softwares/

Customise toolbars on Mac

Many app windows contain a toolbar with buttons that provide quick access to frequently used features, tools or actions. When you’re using an app, you can hide the toolbar or choose which buttons to include and how they appear.

On your Mac, do any of the following in an app:

  • Hide or show the toolbar: Choose View > Hide Toolbar or View > Show Toolbar. While working in full screen for some apps, choose View > Always Show Toolbar in Full Screen.

  • Remove a button: Hold down the Command key while you drag the item out of the toolbar until you see or hear a “whoosh” effect.

  • Rearrange buttons: Hold down the Command key while you drag an item around in the toolbar, then drop the item when an open space appears.

  • Add a button: Choose View > Customise Toolbar, then drag an item from the palette to the toolbar until a plus sign appears.

  • Change how buttons appear: For some toolbars, you can show labels with the buttons. Choose View > Customise Toolbar, click the Show pop-up menu, then choose an option.

When you resize a window, toolbar buttons can become hidden as the window narrows. To show a list of the hidden items, click the double arrows at the end of the toolbar.

If your Mac has a Touch Bar, many apps — like Mail or Safari — let you customise it. See Customise the Touch Bar.

Источник: https://support.apple.com/en-in/guide/mac-help/mchlb294260e/mac

The think-cell license key window pops up

think-cell requires a valid license key to run. The license key is checked on each start of Microsoft PowerPoint or Microsoft Excel. If no valid license information is found on your system or if the license key is about to expire, the think-cell License Key dialog is displayed.

The think-cell License Key dialog explains the reason for it to appear:

  • The license key of this think-cell product will expire soon… (valid until…) if the key is valid but will expire soon.
  • (not valid) if no key was found or if a supposed key was found but was not issued by think-cell.
  • (expired after…) if the key is expired.

Solutions

I have a valid new license key

Enter the license key and click OK.

My company has a valid license key but I do not know it or should not have to enter it

Please contact your company's help desk or equivalent.

I have no valid license key or it is about to expire

Please refer to the purchasing information page.

I have entered a valid new license key but PowerPoint continues to show the license key dialog

When entering think-cell's license key manually, it is saved when successfully closing the think-cell license key window with OK. Follow these steps to ensure the license key can be saved correctly:

  1. Make sure that no hanging processes prevent think-cell from writing the license key
    1. To ensure that no hidden PowerPoint or Excel processes remained stuck on your machine, disrupting normal operation, please restart your computer.

      Alternatively, close all respective processes.

      If using Windows:
      1. Open the Windows Task Manager and check for remaining or processes.
        • Windows Vista and Windows 7: Task Manager → Processes.
        • Windows 8, Windows 8.1 and Windows 10: Task Manager → More Details → Details.
      2. End these processes.
      If using Mac:

      Right-click the PowerPoint and Excel icons in the dock and select Quit. Alternatively, open PowerPoint and Excel and press +.

    2. Open PowerPoint
    3. Enter a valid license key in the think-cell license key window.
    4. Close PowerPoint
    5. Ensure in the Windows Task Manager that the process was terminated successfully.
  2. Check if you have sufficient permissions to write into think-cell's user profile folder
    1. Open think-cell's user profile folder:

      Press Start or the key → type →

    2. Right click into the folder → New → Text Document →
    3. Are you able to open, modify and save this file? If not, ask your internal IT to give you sufficient permissions to modify and save files in your think-cell user profile folder.
  3. If the license key window is displayed again on the next start of PowerPoint, contact our support team and send us the following files:
    • Open think-cell's user profile folder () as described in point 2. Check if you have sufficient permissions... You should see the file in this folder. Please send this file together with a screenshot of think-cell's license key window to our support team.
    • Please send us the think-cell log files. For this, open PowerPoint or Excel and go to Insert → think-cell → More → Request Support. The log files will be automatically attached to a new email.

      If neither works, you can find the log files as explained below:

      • Open a new Windows Explorer window, type

        into the address field, and press

      • Please send all files with the extension contained in this folder to our support team.

        This may be any of the following files: , , , , , , , .

      • If you want to browse to the directory:

        The full default filepath is . If you cannot find this, it is probably set to invisible. You can change that in Windows Explorer by checking:

        • Windows 7:
          Organize → Folder and search options → View → Show hidden files and folders.
        • Windows 8, Windows 8.1 and Windows 10:
          View → Show/hide → Hidden Items.

        In addition, if think-cell is active, please click on More → About in the think-cell toolbar and send us a screenshot of the think-cell info window.

Note

You can always click the Cancel button and continue to use PowerPoint without think-cell. When you have a valid license key available, click the think-cell button in the PowerPoint toolbar to activate the add-in again.

Источник: https://www.think-cell.com/en/resources/kb/0010.html

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