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Raspberry Pi 400: the $70 desktop PC

Raspberry Pi has always been a PC company. Inspired by the home computers of the 1980s, our mission is to put affordable, high-performance, programmable computers into the hands of people all over the world. And inspired by these classic PCs, here is Raspberry Pi 400: a complete personal computer, built into a compact keyboard.

Raspberry Pi 4, which we launched in June last year, is roughly forty times as powerful as the original Raspberry Pi, and offers an experience that is indistinguishable from a legacy PC for the majority of users. Particularly since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, we’ve seen a rapid increase in the use of Raspberry Pi 4 for home working and studying.

A front view of the Raspberry Pi keyboard

But user friendliness is about more than performance: it can also be about form factor. In particular, having fewer objects on your desk makes for a simpler set-up experience. Classic home computers – BBC Micros, ZX Spectrums, Commodore Amigas, and the rest – integrated the motherboard directly into the keyboard. No separate system unit and case; no keyboard cable. Just a computer, a power supply, a monitor cable, and (sometimes) a mouse.

Raspberry Pi 400

We’ve never been shy about borrowing a good idea. Which brings us to Raspberry Pi 400: it’s a faster, cooler 4GB Raspberry Pi 4, integrated into a compact keyboard. Priced at just $70 for the computer on its own, or $100 for a ready-to-go kit, if you’re looking for an affordable PC for day-to-day use this is the Raspberry Pi for you.

Buy the kit

The Raspberry Pi 400 Personal Computer Kit is the “Christmas morning” product, with the best possible out-of-box experience: a complete PC which plugs into your TV or monitor. The kit comprises:

  • A Raspberry Pi 400 computer
  • Our official USB mouse
  • Our official USB-C power supply
  • An SD card with Raspberry Pi OS pre-installed
  • A micro HDMI to HDMI cable
  • The official Raspberry Pi Beginner’s Guide

At launch, we are supporting English (UK and US), French, Italian, German, and Spanish keyboard layouts, with (for the first time) translated versions of the Beginner’s Guide. In the near future, we plan to support the same set of languages as our official keyboard.

Buy the computer

Saving money by bringing your own peripherals has always been part of the Raspberry Pi ethos. If you already have the other bits of the kit, you can buy a Raspberry Pi 400 computer on its own for just $70.

A close up of the left-hand keys of the Raspberry Pi 400

Buy the book

To accompany Raspberry Pi 400, we’ve released a fourth edition of our popular Raspberry Pi Beginner’s Guide, packed with updated material to help you get the most out of your new PC.

You can buy a copy of the Beginner’s Guide today from the Raspberry Pi Press store, or download a free PDF.

Where to buy Raspberry Pi 400

UK, US, and French Raspberry Pi 400 kits and computers are available to buy right now. Italian, German, and Spanish units are on their way to Raspberry Pi Approved Resellers, who should have them in stock in the next week.

We expect that Approved Resellers in India, Australia, and New Zealand will have kits and computers in stock by the end of the year. We’re rapidly rolling out compliance certification for other territories too, so that Raspberry Pi 400 will be available around the world in the first few months of 2021.

Of course, if you’re anywhere near Cambridge, you can head over to the Raspberry Pi Store to pick up your Raspberry Pi 400 today.

What does everyone else think?

We let a handful of people take an early look at Raspberry Pi 400 so they could try it out and pull together their thoughts to share with you. Here’s what some of them made of it.

Simon Martin, who has spent the last couple of years bringing Raspberry Pi 400 to life, will be here tomorrow to share some of the interesting technical challenges that he encountered along the way. In the meantime, start thinking about what you’ll do with your Raspberry Pi PC.

Источник: https://www.raspberrypi.com/news/raspberry-pi-400-the-70-desktop-pc/

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Источник: https://soft.extratiempo.co/bonetown-activation-code-crack/

Change motherboard hwid

Forum World Records. Sign In Sign Up. Results 1 to 9 of 9. I've done a bit of research, but i was wondering whats the best way to go about changing my HWID? I'm not too interested in doing a complete reformat of my computer, maybe installing a different OS on my computer might help?

If they did indeed ban your HWID, then you're pretty much stuck. Even reloading Windows wouldn't really be a guarantee of a new one. Also, as a general rule, more reputable forums like this one won't be too friendly to assisting you avoid a ban from some other place.

Originally Posted by Myk SilentShadow. If it doesn't move, pick it up. Macrium Reflect Originally Posted by exilegod. Last edited by fostert; at AM. Very sorry we don't condone this type of request.

Suggest you take it up with ABP.

change motherboard hwid

Why were you banned? If you were cheating, then we endorse their punishment. If they do decide to be merciful, I would suggest being on your best behavior and giving no arma 3 zeus insufficient resources the slightest hint of fishy business.

I am disturbed because I cannot break my system We have a support group on here, if your system will not break, please join!By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service. The dark mode beta is finally here.

Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. It works good in Windows 7 and Above. It Shows O. M to be filled or Returns Nothing. They then hash it through MD5 but it is depreciated now so best bet is do the same and hash it through Sha I reviewed the code of this project.

HWID are not recommended as a licencing system as it isn't accurate and not practical if the user changes computer or formats the drives etc. It is more recommended to use a certificate system or more complex authentification.

Modified code of Mederic : All digested in just one function Not tried yet but will work fine. Use it like below:. Learn more. Asked 2 years, 11 months ago. Active 1 month ago. Viewed 9k times. Please help me Thank You. Mohammad Zulfikar 1 1 gold badge 8 8 silver badges 26 26 bronze badges. What do you need it for? Is this for a licensing feature, or just a unique client ID? Does it need to be consistent across OS upgrades or wipes?

Does it need to be tamper-proof? Active Oldest Votes. Management Imports System. Cryptography Imports System. Length - 1 stringBuilder. Append hash i. Equals String. ToString mo. Replace ":", String. Get Return disk "VolumeSerialNumber". Mederic Mederic 1, 2 2 gold badges 10 10 silver badges 29 29 bronze badges. Tried Your Code Processor Id is common on some PC So it Failedfor mac address PC need Network adapterso it failedwhen i tried for getting motherboard serialnumberW hen installing Windows 10, the digital license associates itself with your device's hardware.

To activate Windows, you'll need either a digital license or a product key. To find out which you need, see "What activation method do I use, product key or digital license? Then, use the following info to help you successfully prepare for a hardware change and reactivate Windows Open Activation settings. If you're not activated, complete the activation process with the steps you see on the Activation page. For more info about product keys and digital licenses, see Activate Windows If you don't have a product key or digital license, you can purchase a Windows 10 digital license after installation finishes.

Follow these steps to make a purchase:. Go to Store. Skip to main content. Virtual Agent: Need help with activation? Get help now. Select Product Version. All Products. Prepare your Windows 10 device for a hardware change. First, follow these steps to find out if Windows 10 is already activated. Open Activation settings If you're not activated, complete the activation process with the steps you see on the Activation page.

Once you've confirmed that Windows 10 is activated, follow these steps: Show all. Link your Windows 10 digital license to your Microsoft account.Some multiplayer games that implement the PunkBuster anti cheat system get cheaters off the server using hardware bans. It used to ban the hard disk serial number but no longer does that since there are ways to spoof and temporarily change the so-called hardcoded serial number.

Other than that, some licensing system also uses the hard disk serial number to generate a unique hardware ID which is then used to generate an external license file to activate the software. Some people said that it is impossible to change it, but we will show you that there are ways to change both volume and hard coded serial numbers for your hard disk.

The second line shows your volume serial number for the system C partition. Type dir [driveletter:] and it will show a different serial number even if the volume is on the same physical hard drive. If your Windows has been activated using a product key from a sticker it will probably ask for the key again after a reboot and will need reactivating if you change the volume serial number on the system drive.

change motherboard hwid

There are a few free tools around capable of changing the volume serial number and one of them is called Hard Disk Serial Number Changer. It works on just about any Windows operating system from 98 onward and is a standalone portable executable but does need to be run as administrator on Vista and 7.

Usage is pretty straightforward and you simply choose your drive from the drop down box, enter the new serial number and click the Change button. You will then need to reboot to commit the changes. Another useful tool to change the volume serial number is by Sysinternals called VolumeID. You should shut down all your running applications before using this tool and will need to reboot immediately after the changes if they are being made on an NTFS partition.

Download Sysinternals VolumeID. These are hard coded into the hard drive itself and cannot simply be edited or altered using a piece of software.

There is also an option to set your own predefined serial number although we were unable to get that function to work during testing. Make sure to run PB DownForce as administrator. You can easily use the Stop Spoofing button and try another random number. Perform test will quickly tell what drive model name and serial has been given.

The image below shows a new serial after using PB DownForce to change a hard disk serial number in the PC Wizard hardware information tool. Do note that some tools such as Speccy will still show the original serial number for the drive because they gather their data in another way, HWInfo does something different again and will show the spoofed drive as another completely new hard drive in its list.

PB DownForce was tested and worked on Windows XP and Windows 7 bit although it still was quite random to which machines worked and which showed no change or produced an error.Joinsubscribers and get a daily digest of news, geek trivia, and our feature articles.

Microsoft has never actually wanted to explain exactly how the hardware-based Windows activation process works. Click that option and sign in with the Microsoft account you associated your license with. The free Windows 10 license works very differently from previous Windows licensing systems. These all required a product key. Even modern Windows 8 and 8. In this case, the product key would always serve to activate Windows. The free Windows 10 license Microsoft is providing to upgraders works differently.

Instead, when you perform an upgrade from within Windows 7 Service Pack 1 or Windows 8. To clean-install Windows 10 on a machine activated in this way, you have to continually skip all the product key prompts while installing it.

This automatic process only works if your PC has the same hardware it had when you upgraded to Windows Bear in mind that this will only work on the same PC.

6 Tools to Change or Spoof Hard Disk Hardware Serial Number and Volume ID

You might have purchased a Windows 7 license and built your own PC. Build a new PC a few years later and you can take that Windows 7 license with you as long as you remove it from the first machine.

Even if you upgraded from a retail copy of Windows 7, 8, or 8. This may feel a bit inconvenient. Retail licenses of Windows 10 you purchase can be moved between PCs in the same way. In the past, Microsoft told people to contact its support staff. This is no longer the officially encouraged way to reactivate Windows 10 after a hardware change now that the automatic troubleshooter is here. The Best Tech Newsletter Anywhere. Joinsubscribers and get a daily digest of news, comics, trivia, reviews, and more.

Windows Mac iPhone Android. Smarthome Office Security Linux. The Best Tech Newsletter Anywhere Joinsubscribers and get a daily digest of news, geek trivia, and our feature articles. Skip to content. How-To Geek is where you turn when you want experts to explain technology. Since we launched inour articles have been read more than 1 billion times. Want to know more?W hen installing Windows 10, the digital license associates itself with your device's hardware.

To activate Windows, you'll need either a digital license or a product key. To find out which you need, see "What activation method do I use, product key or digital license? Then, use the following info to help you successfully prepare for a hardware change and reactivate Windows Open Activation settings. If you're not activated, complete the activation process with the steps you see on the Activation page. For more info about product keys and digital licenses, see Activate Windows If you don't have a product key or digital license, you can purchase a Windows 10 digital license after installation finishes.

Follow these steps to make a purchase:. Go to Store. Skip to main content. Virtual Agent: Need help with activation?

change motherboard hwid

Get help now. Select Product Version. All Products. Prepare your Windows 10 device for a hardware change. First, follow these steps to find out if Windows 10 is already activated.

Open Activation settings If you're not activated, complete the activation process with the steps you see on the Activation page. Once you've confirmed that Windows 10 is activated, follow these steps: Show all. Link your Windows 10 digital license to your Microsoft account.

Confirm your Windows 10 edition. Get your product key. Reactivate Windows 10 after a hardware change. Show all. If you have a digital license, run the Activation troubleshooter. If you don't have a digital license, enter your product key. If you don't have a digital license or product key. Need more help? Last Updated: Jul Was this information helpful? Yes No. Tell us what we can do to improve the article Submit. Your feedback will help us improve the support experience.

Australia - English. Bosna i Hercegovina - Hrvatski. Canada - English.Some multiplayer games that implement the PunkBuster anti cheat system get cheaters off the server using hardware bans. It used to ban the hard disk serial number but no longer does that since there are ways to spoof and temporarily change the so-called hardcoded serial number.

Other than that, some licensing system also uses the hard disk serial number to generate a unique hardware ID which is then used to generate an external license file to activate the software. Some people said that it is impossible to change it, but we will show you that there are ways to change both volume and hard coded serial numbers for your hard disk.

The second line shows your volume serial number for the system C partition. Type dir [driveletter:] and it will show a different serial number even if the volume is on the same physical hard drive.

If your Windows has been activated using a product key from a sticker it will probably ask for the key again after a reboot and will need reactivating if you change the volume serial number on the system drive. There are a few free tools around capable of changing the volume serial number and one of them is called Hard Disk Serial Number Changer.

It works on just about any Windows operating system from 98 onward and is a standalone portable executable but does need to be run as administrator on Vista and 7.

Usage is pretty straightforward and you simply choose your drive from the drop down box, enter the new serial number and click the Change button. You will then need to reboot to commit the changes. Another useful tool to change the volume serial number is by Sysinternals called VolumeID. You should shut down all your running applications before using this tool and will need to reboot immediately after the changes if they are being made on an NTFS partition.

Can I change the Hardware ID of my computer?

Download Sysinternals VolumeID. These are hard coded into the hard drive itself and cannot simply be edited or altered using a piece of software.

What is a HWID ban?

There is also an option to set your own predefined serial number although we were unable to get that function to work during testing. Make sure to run PB DownForce as administrator. You can easily use the Stop Spoofing button and try another random number.

Perform test will quickly tell what drive model name and serial has been given. The image below shows a new serial after using PB DownForce to change a hard disk serial number in the PC Wizard hardware information tool. Do note that some tools such as Speccy will still show the original serial number for the drive because they gather their data in another way, HWInfo does something different again and will show the spoofed drive as another completely new hard drive in its list.

PB DownForce was tested and worked on Windows XP and Windows 7 bit although it still was quite random to which machines worked and which showed no change or produced an error. The spoofed serial will return to normal after a reboot. Download PB DownForce.

change motherboard hwid

Antivirus and security software obviously hates programs like these because they are essentially hacking tools. Chameleon appears to be dead. I guess none of these tools that are currently available work for newer operating systems, sadly.

About PB DownForce. Any help on this? Any other tool to spoof hdd serial on win 7 64? PB downforce is very useful for me but can you please tell me how to use my own serials and macs? I mean… what is the standard format? Thank you very much!

Utility to change the ID of the motherboard.

I was struggling to change the volume id but by the help of Hard Disk Serial Number Changer i was able to change it easily. Well, I have been searching for that for a long time. So detailed and you provided a good research you did yourself. MasterGenius thanks to you I think I could find a way to temporary fix the problem with the local ban in Counter Strike using Pbdownforce.


Источник: https://afi.bhada100mp.pw/change-motherboard-hwid.html

Product Key Number

How to See Product Key in Vista



information   Information

The product key number is a sequence of 25 letters and numbers. The number is divided into 5 groups of 5 characters each. During Vista installation, you must enter the product key number to activate Vista.

This will show you how to find the product key number from a Windows sticker, or if you lost the product key and need to get it from within your installed Vista.

Note   Note

  • If you reinstalled Vista or did not activate or type in the product key number after you installed Vista the first time, then the program in this tutorial will not be able to show you the number from within Vista since you did not enter it.
  • A Express or Retail Vista can be installed on any one computer at a time for as many times as you like. A OEM Vista may only be able to be installed on the exact same computer as many times as you like. The product key number for the Vista 32 bit version is the same one for it's 64 bit version. You can only have the Product Key activated on one computer and version of 32 bit or 64 bit Vista at a time. If you had the product key activated on one computer and made some hardware changes to it (EX: Motherboard) or decided to use it on another computer, then you will have to remove it from the old computer and do a phone activation.
  • You can usually find the product key on the back of a OEM desktop computer, on the bottom of a laptop computer, or on the retail installation disc holder inside the Vista package. Look for a sticker that looks like one of these below.
  • For the license terms for Vista, see: Microsoft: License Terms for Software Licensed from Microsoft
Tip   Tip
You can tell if you have a OEM or Retail Vista by looking at the product key number. x= a random number or letter
  • OEM - xxxxx-oemxx-xxxxx-xxxxx
    NOTE:Will also include OEM on the Vista Product Key Stickers. See examples below.
  • Retail - xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx
warning   Warning
The Product IDnumber displayed here in Vista is not your Product Key number.NOTE:To see this, right click Computer (in Start menu) and click on Properties; or open the Control Panel (Classic View) and click System. Scroll to the bottom.
Activated.jpg






OPTION ONE
Find Vista Product Key Number on Product Key Sticker

1. For a OEM Product Key on COA Sticker

NOTE:These will be store bought computers that came with Windows 7 preinstalled on them. The product key sticker will usually be on the back of a desktop, and on the bottom or under the battery of a laptop and notebook. The sticker key number may be different than the key number reported in one of the programs below. If so, the key number on the sticker is the one that's unique to your computer, and that's the one you'll need to input should you ever clean install Windows. The different extracted key is just a master key used at the OEM factory.​

COA.jpg

OEM.jpg

2. For a Retail Product Key on COA Sticker

NOTE:These will be computers that a retail copy of Windows 7 has been installed on. The product key sticker will be in the included paperwork in the retail Windows 7 box.​

Retail.jpg







OPTION TWO
To Use "Magical Jelly Bean Keyfinder" to See Product Key Number in Vista


Note   Note

This option shows you how to use the free program Magical Jelly Bean Keyfinder to see what the product key number is from within a Windows 7 that it has already been entered in (ex: activated). Magical Jelly Bean Keyfinder will not show the product key number for Windows 7 Enterprise though.


1. Download and run the free Magical Jelly Bean Keyfinder program towards the bottom of the link.​

2. In the left pane, click on Windows 7 (your edition). You will see CD Key in the right pane displaying the Windows 7 product key number.​

Magical_Jelly_Bean.jpg





OPTION THREE
To Use "Speccy" to See Product Key Number in Vista


Note   Note

This option shows you how to use the free program Speccy to see what the product key number is from within a Windows 7 that it has already been entered in (ex: activated). Speccy will not show the product key number for Windows 7 Enterprise though.


1. Download, install, and run the free Speccy program.​

2. In the left pane, click on Operating System. In the right pane, you will see the product key number to the right of Serial Number.​

Speccy.JPG





OPTION FOUR
To Use "ProduKey" to See Product Key Number in Vista


Note   Note

This option shows you how to use the free program ProduKey to see what the product key number is from within a Windows 7 that it has already been entered in (ex: activated). ProduKey will not show the product key number for Windows 7 Enterprise though.


1. Download, extract, and run the free ProduKey program.​

2. You will now see Windows product key listed.​

ProduKey.jpg





OPTION FIVE
To Use a VBS Download to See Product Key Number in Vista

Note   Note

This option was provided by our member Konst at this link.

There you can see that the encrypted key is stored in registry key:
HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\DigitalProductId
at Offset = 52

And that the key only includes this letters and numbers
BCDFGHJKMPQRTVWXY2346789
And no "AEILNOSUZ015 allowed.


1. Click on the Download button below to download the file below.​

See_Windows_Product_Key.vbs

download


2. Save the VBS file to your desktop, run it, and approve running it.​

NOTE:The .vbs file does not install anything on your computer. You can also right click on the .vbs file and click on Edit to see what the script contains.​

3. You will now get a pop-up dialog box displaying the product key number used to activate your current Windows installation. Click on OK to close the pop-up when ready. (see screenshot below)​

VBS-example.jpg





OPTION SIX
To Use "Belarc Advisor" to Find Product Key in Vista


Note   Note

You must be signed in as an administrator to run this program. This program will not find the product key of Windows 7 Enterprise since it's a volume license.



1.If you have not already, download and install the free Belarc Advisorprogram.

2.Run the program. When it displays the results in your default web browser, scroll down until you see your Windows 8 product key like below.

Belarc_Advisor.jpg



That's it,
Shawn


 

Источник: https://www.vistax64.com/threads/product-key-number.85023/

Windows 7 Numero 7601 Serial Number

Download Windows 7 Numero 7601 Serial Number free and unlimited.

Como Encontrar o Número de Série do Computador no Windows. Este artigo vai ensiná-lo a encontrar o número de série de um computador desktop ou laptop usando o prompt de comando do Windows. On Windows 7, press Windows + R, type “cmd” into the Run dialog, and then press Enter. At the Command Prompt, type the following command and then press Enter: wmic bios get serialnumber. You’ll see the computer’s serial number displayed beneath the text “SerialNumber”. This command uses the Windows Management Instrumentation Command.

Windows-7 Enterprise build 7600 product key Serial number.

Windows 7 Ultimate. - Master of Computer Applications. Also, you can get Windows 7 Professional SP1 64 bit at a very cheap rate from Amazon, with Genuine Product Key and DVD which help you to install Windows 7 on any computer without downloading and you can activate the key on your computers. Also Read:– Ultimate Tips to Make Windows 7/8/8.1 Faster COMPILAÇÃO 7601 ! Como ATIVAR seu WINDOWS 7 #1Minute - YouTube. How to Activate or Crack Windows 7 for Free? - Rene.E. Windows 7 Installation and Activation. Always remember that buying Windows 7 key from official Microsoft website is the legal way to use Windows 7 and only the following serial keys are for those who cannot afford Windows 7 at all. All the keys shared in this article are legit and genuine and they are properly working with all Windows 7 32 and 64-bit versions. IDM Serial Number Free Download IDM Serial Key - iTechGyan. Free Windows 7 Product Key for Windows 7 32/64. Windows Versions (Version Numbers Builds for Windows). SOLVED This Copy of Windows Is Not Genuine 7600/7601 Windows 7 Home and Pro product key is a 25-digit license code laid out in a 5 block format that is used for software activation. This code looks like below with real digits instead of X. Windows 7 Product Key: XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX. The activation keys you find in this article are completely free and they are ‘shared’ digital. How to Look Up a Serial Number Techwalla. Windows 7 is a user-friendly operating system, which is why many people prefer it over other versions of Windows. Hopefully, these keys will help you activate your copy of Windows 7 Professional. How to activate Windows 7 Professional using a product key. There are two ways to activate your copy of Windows 7 Professional using a product. List of all Windows OS Version Numbers – msigeek. Logging on today received initial message of serial number not found then in bottom right hand corner of desktop another message Windows 7 Build 7601 This copy of Windows is not genuine Desktop background has now gone black. Never had this happen in the past - Microsoft attempt to validate failed - any help on how to resolve much appreciated. This article provides latest working Windows 7 product key for 32bit and 64 bit PCs. If you are looking to get free windows 7 serial keys, you are in the right place. We will be talking about all that concerns updated and genuine windows keys here alongside very often asked questions relating to these keys and the windows. Windows 7 Numero 7600 Serial Number ☆ https://tinurll.com/1j4x02. You can also look for refurbished PCs that often ship with Windows 7. That way, you won’t need to hunt for a Windows 7 Ultimate product key or Windows 7 serial number. Downgrade to Windows 7. Another option to get Windows 7 on your PC is to get a PC with Windows 8, Windows 8.1, or Windows 10, and then downgrade it to Windows. Windows 7 Professional serial Key 2021. MKD6B-HV23H-TED22-WXG3P-TRVJM. GMJQF-JC7VC-76HMH-M4RKY-V4HX6. HYF8J-CVRMY-CM74G-RPHKF-PW487. 237XB-GDJ7B-MV8MH-98QJM-24367. You copy and paste these keys: Note: If you use Windows 7 Professional or Enterprise you can activate it without product key. To know more you read this article: https://aniqlo.com. Speccy will not show the product key number for Windows 7 Enterprise though. 1. Download, install, and run the free Speccy program. 2. In the left pane, click on Operating System. In the right pane, you will see the product key number to the right of Serial Number.

Windows 7 Numero 7600 Serial Number gochenlehamp

A serial number is a unique product identifier that enables a manufacturer to recall information about the individual item. Hardware companies embed A serial number is a unique product identifier that enables a manufacturer to recall inform. Windows 7 Ultimate Product Key 64-Bit Free Download. If you install pirated Windows 7 OS build 7600/7601, it will run only for some months. The maximum allowed the number of rearms has been exceeded” after.

Serial Number Definition & Meaning Webopedia.

Serial de Oro Windows 7 o Clave de producto Windows.

How to Find a Chevy Serial Number.

SP1 for Windows 7 and for Windows Server 2008 R2 is a recommended collection of updates and improvements to Windows that are combined into a single installable update. Windows 7 SP1 can help make your computer safer and more reliable. Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 provides a comprehensive set of innovations for enterprise-class virtualization. Windows 7 Professional Product Key and Activation Guide. Solution Mode test windows 7 numéro 7601 - YouTube. Windows 7 RTM is 7600. Windows 7 SP1 is 7601. Windows 7 SP2 is 7602 (there will be a SP2.I will bet everything I own to my name there will be) Windows XP RTM is 2600. Windows XP SP3 is 2600.5512. Serial numbers are the unique string of numbers and/or letters that are stamped on goods of value. They have several purposes, one which makes your item identifiable to the manufacturer in case of defects or warranties, while The serial number for Nero is available. This release was created for you, eager to use Nero 7 full and without limitations. Our intentions are not to harm Nero software company but to give the possibility to those who can not pay for any piece of software out there. Seriales de oro Windows 7 Ultimate x64 y x86. Ahora vemos los nombres de este Serial de oro original de Windows 7, como dijimos es una imagen ISO que circula por los sitios de internet o paginas de descarga de torrent y se llama asi: « 6801 0 080913 2030 Client en-us ULTIMATE ULTIMATE GB1CFRE EN DVD.iso» para Windows Windows 7numero 7601 cette copie de windows n est pas authentique que dois je faire? je n ai pas le cd d installation est mon etiquette au dos de mon pc est illisible pour la clé. mon pc c est un presarioCQ61-407 EF dois-je remettre une nouvelle version de windows 7 ?ma version c est editition familiale prenium.si je dois mettre une version. The Best Serial Number Databases. Windows 7numero 7601 cette copie de windows Master of Computer Applications. May 21, 2013 ·. Windows 7 Ultimate Serial Numbers, Windows-7 32-bit Serial Key Free, Windows 7 Genuine. Email This. BlogThis! Share to Twitter. Share to Facebook. 7YWX9-W3C2V-D46GW-P722P-9CP4D. MM7DF-G8XWM-J2VRG-4M3C4-GR27X. Windows 7 SP1 Language Packs (Original MUI Download) Build number - Windows 7 Help Forums. 4.5 out of 5 stars. (338) 338 product ratings - Windows 7 Pro Professional SP1 X64 Bit DVD and Product Key Laptop. $29.99. Free shipping. The serial number for windows-7 is available This release was created for you, eager to use windows-7 Enterprise build 7600 product key full and without limitations. Our intentions are not to harm windows-7 software company but to give the possibility to those who can not pay for any piece of software out there. Windows 7 Ultimate 32 Bit Build 7601 Serial Numbers. Convert Windows 7 Ultimate 32 Bit Build 7601 trail version to full software. The latest working serial keys to activate Windows 7 Ultimate SP1. Activate both 32 bit and Ultimate 64 bit versions, All languages. Windows 7 Ultimate Product Key Online Activation is 100% Genuine. Serial windows 7 Ultimate. Windows 7 Ultimate N OEM s/n: HTJK6-DXX8T-TVCR6-KDG67-97J8Q Windows 7 Ultimate E OEM s/n: TWMF7-M387V-XKW4Y-PVQQD-RK7C8 Serial Windows 7 Ultimate 32 e 64bits 2012 D4F6K-QK3RD-TMVMJ-BBMRX-3MBMV Product key: 342DG-6YJR8-X92GV-V7DCV-P4K27 - Default Product key: D4F6K-QK3RD-TMVMJ-BBMRX-3MBMV BCGX7-P3XWP-PPPCV-Q2H7C-FCGFR. Go to the Windows 7 Service Pack 1 download page on the Microsoft website. Select Install Instructions to see which packages are available for download, and make note of the one that you need. Select the appropriate language from the drop-down list, and then select Download. Select the packages you need to install, select Next, and then follow. By click here. Step 2: You onpen this windows 7 edition integrale activation key startimes. KeyGen is a shortened word for Key Generator. Since pirating software does not require many resources, clé d activation windows 7 numero 7601 gratuit startimes 36f9ca4298 MacDrive 9 Pro Serial Number, Keygen has become the standard. 2021 This Copy Of Windows Is Not Genuine Build 7600/7601 Error. Nero 7 free serial number key download - Smart Serials. Windows 7 end of support and Microsoft 365 Apps - Deploy. Windows 7 Professional Product Key Free - Grameen. How to Find a Serial Number on a Piano. Windows Version Numbers - Version and build numbers. Gucci products are popular with fashion enthusiasts thanks to their impeccable quality, well-known label, iconic status, and classic designs. This, of course, comes at a steep cost, with handbags typically costing several thousand dollars. How to Find Your Windows PC’s Serial Number. Fix Remove “Test mode” and Build Number Watermark. Windows OS version: 6.1.7601.2.00010100.1.0.004 ID: {3E23C287-3CDD-4E66-9661-409D376843D3}(3) The key is listed next to Serial Number. Operating System Windows 7 Home Premium 64-bit. How to Fix Windows 7 Not Genuine Error Build Windows 7 Build 7601. This copy of Windows is not genuine You typically get this message in Windows 7 build 7600/7601. In addition, your desktop background will be fixed to black. Nothing could be more annoying than having this message interrupt your process of work or entertainment on the computer. Do a serial number search to look up a product you own by the serial number on it to see if it's eligible for warranty repair or other services. Contact the manufacturer or check receipts and repair records if you have trouble finding Support for Windows 7 ended on January 14, 2020. Learn more. Microsoft 365 Apps is no longer supported on Windows 7. If you re a home user running Office on Windows 7, see Windows 7 end of support and Office instead of reading this article. Office 365 and Microsoft 365 are governed by the Modern Lifecycle Policy, which requires customers. Computers, videos, internet downloads, memory and IDM serial numbers sometimes get confusing, especially when you're new to the world of software, applications and app management. Check out this easy guide to understanding an IDM serial. Download Windows 7 Disc Images (ISO Files) If you need to install or reinstall Windows 7, you can use this page to download a disc image (ISO file) to create your own installation media using either a USB flash drive Windows 7 Ultimate Serial Numbers, Windows-7 32-bit Serial Key Free, Windows 7 Genuine. 7YWX9-W3C2V-D46GW-P722P-9CP4D MM7DF-G8XWM-J2VRG-4M3C4-GR27X. How to Find Your Computer Serial Number Techwalla. How To Activate Windows 7 Megaleecher.Net.

WORKING Windows 7 Home Premium Product Key - SoftwareBattle.

Les codes : ly/1aL0PFSolution Mode test windows 7 numéro 7601Solution Mode test windows 7 numéro 7601Solution Mode test windows 7 numéro 7601Solut. 1 mai 2017. 1 385. 2 juin 2016 à 21:25. Bonjour. Ça n existe pas une clé Windows 7 numéro 7601 , c est un message que l on reçoit suite à un problème de licence Windows. Soit vous en avez une et vous avez un bug, il existe des solution. Soit vous n en avez pas et il faut en achetez une !!! Réponse 2 / 2. cado21. If you have purchased the full version of IDM, you received an IDM serial key from the vendor. Simply use that unique key to activate your copy of the software. If you have downloaded a free version of IDM, copy an IDM key from the list below. 349U2-TUT4H-6HGGJ-2CHUK. U97GT-CE6SR-SET1D-DERFM. How to Find a Photoshop Serial Number Techwalla. Windows 7 serial number, key - serialms.com. 2020 Update Windows 7 Product Key 100% Working For 32bit/64bit. Windows 7 Ultimate Serial Numbers,. - DEEP WEB Liberado. Download Update for Windows 7 for x64-based Systems. Serial windows 7 Ultimate até 2040 – oTudo.com. Windows 7 Professional Product Key Free for You by admin Posted on January 9, 2014 I provide you windows 7 professional product key , windows 7 ultimate serial numbers, windows 7 professional key , windows-7 32-bit serial key free, windows 7 genuine , windows 7 professional Partial Product Key, How Can I Reinstall Win7? - Windows. Two Ways To Activate Windows 7. 1. Activate Windows 7 using CMD Prompt. Step 1. Go to start menu and search cmd, then right-click on it and select Run As Administrator. Step 2. When the cmd prompt opens, you have to enter a command in it. Enter slmgr –rearm and hit the Enter Windows XP 2. 5.1.2600 3. 1 More specific than a version number, at least in Windows, is a build number, often indicating exactly what major update or service pack has been applied to that Windows version. This is the last number shown in the version number column, like 7600 for Windows. Answers. According to your description, Windows License Type is COA SLP. OEM: COA is pre-installed Windows in our computer and show the serial number on the label. The key can be only used to activate the OEM version. We could ask the manufacturer to get the installation media and reinstall the system. Solved: Windows 7 Build 7601 - this copy of Windows Como ativar o windows 7, como reativar o windows 7, como remover a compilação 7601 (compilation 7601).

The Windows 7 SP1 RTM has been finalized and released by Microsoft. With each new major version revision of Windows 7, the MUI (Multilingual User Interface) language packs has to be updated too. The Windows 7 MUI language packs (not to be confused with LIP language packs which are available free for all) are available to Windows 7 Ultimate and Enterprise editions only. Language packs. Information about Service Pack 1 for Windows Put here a software name you are looking serial numbers for, i.e windows xp or internet download manager and press search button then, please, don t add serial, keygen and so on to the search windows 7, 100 records found:. {Updated} Windows 7 Serial Key for 32bit/64bit. A serial number is a unique sequence of numbers and letters. Serial numbers are used to identify individual pieces of hardware and software. A serial number is a unique, identifying number or group of numbers and letters assigned Product Key Number for Windows 7 - Find and See Tutorials. Windows 7 Numero 7600 Serial Number Windows 7 Ultimate Build 7601 Serial Key - yellowtalk. Clé Windows 7 numéro 7601 - Comment Ça Marche.

Windows XP ALL Serial Keys :) (For testing purpose

You've found a gorgeous 1955 Chevrolet Bel-Air for sale. If you want to find out as much information about the car before purchasing it, start with the serial number. Here is some information below on how to find the number You may use Adobe Photoshop daily to create, or to alter and manipulate, photos, graphics and other design elements. You want to upgrade to the latest version of Photoshop, but you don't remember if you ever registered the program If Windows 7 is not activated in a specific period, all Windows functions can’t be used. You could perform a “rearm” command via command prompt. Doing so actually will extend Windows 7 trial period. Please note that the command only can be performed three times. That is to say, Windows 7 trial period can be lengthened Download Windows 7 Disc Images (ISO Files).

How Do You Check Gucci Serial Numbers.

Windows 7 Build 7600. If you are using Windows 7 SP1, you get Build 7601 displayed on screen: Test Mode Windows 7 Build 7601. Actually it happens when Windows 7 is running in Test mode. Microsoft has released a new Fixit to fix this problem. SYMPTOM: When you start your Windows 7 based computer, you receive the following message in the lower. Windows 7 Service Pack 1 Install Instructions To start the download, click the Download button and then do one of the following, or select another language from Change Language and then click Change. 6.0.6000. Windows 7. 6.1.7600. Windows 8.1. 6.3.9600. Windows 10. 10.0.10240. Yochay Kiriaty says that “A lot can go wrong when version checking is misused. A user might experience a “silent fail” where the application simply fails to load and nothing happens. This Key will not work with any other Windows XP disk that I have found. Windows XP Professional Edition serial number S/N: QG6V8-DKTVK-24M6F-99M3Y-FQFTM. MICROSOFT WINDOWS XP PRO - CORP serial number. S/N: TGRH7-K6QR3-RT6J4-V36FP-869HT. WM88F-2KP6H-324MQ-D3R9R-FF36W. KD399-6T6JT-7XT3M-VYY68-K77Y6. RYB3M-46BYP-C6YKF-P8J7W-XPKYW. Windows Version Numbers Did you like my page, one of my freeware applications or online tools? Donate via PayPal and support the publishing of this free content with any amount you want quickly and easily. A serial number is a unique numeric sequence that helps keep track of items. All computers come with serial numbers. These serial numbers may become necessary when calling technical support to get help with your computer. Serial numbers. Install Windows 7 Service Pack 1 (SP1). No matter the brand or size of your piano, it has been assigned a serial number. Some companies or models may have the number in different places but each one should have identifying digits assigned to it during construction Como Encontrar o Número de Série do Computador no Windows. Windows 7 RC1 is now officially available for public downloading, the release candidate is set to expire on June 1, 2010 and will start to begin shutting down every two hours from March 1, 2010 you’ll need to install a non-expired version of Windows before March 1, 2010 to continue using it without expiration, after installing Windows 7 RC you have 30 days to activate.

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Windows 10

Personal computer operating system by Microsoft released in 2015

This article is about the operating system for personal computers. For the related (now discontinued) operating system for mobile devices, see Windows 10 Mobile.

Not to be confused with Windows 1.0.

Windows 10 Logo.svg
Windows 10 Home Version 21H1 Desktop.png

Screenshot of Windows 10 version 21H1, showing the Start Menu and Action Center in light theme

DeveloperMicrosoft
Written in
OS familyMicrosoft Windows
Source model
Released to
manufacturing
July 15, 2015; 6 years ago (2015-07-15)
General
availability
July 29, 2015; 6 years ago (2015-07-29)
Latest release21H2 (10.0.19044.1387) (November 22, 2021; 1 day ago (2021-11-22)[5]) [±]
Latest preview10.0.19044.1387 (November 22, 2021; 1 day ago (2021-11-22)[6][7]) [±]
Marketing targetPersonal computing
Available in110 languages[8][9] (Specific language packs included on the device depend on the mobile operator (for cellular connected devices) or device manufacturer. Additional language packs are available for download on the Microsoft Store, pursuant to manufacturer and carrier support.)

List of languages

Update method
PlatformsIA-32, x86-64, ARMv7,[10][11]ARM64[12][13][14]
Kernel typeHybrid (Windows NT kernel)
UserlandNative API
Windows API
.NET Framework
Universal Windows Platform
Windows Subsystem for Linux
NTVDM (IA-32 only)
Default
user interface
Windows shell (graphical)
LicenseTrialware,[15]Microsoft Software Assurance, MSDN subscription, Microsoft Imagine
Preceded byWindows 8.1 (2013)
Succeeded byWindows 11 (2021)
Official websitewww.microsoft.com/en-us/software-download/windows10
All editions except "Enterprise LTSB/LTSC" are supported until October 14, 2025 as long as they install the latest feature upgrades.[16][17] The Enterprise LTSB/LTSC editions are supported for 10 years after their release date. See § Support lifecycle for details.

Windows 10 is a major release of the Windows NToperating system developed by Microsoft. It is the successor to Windows 8.1, which was released nearly two years earlier, and itself was released to manufacturing on July 15, 2015, and broadly released for the general public on July 29, 2015.[18] Windows 10 was made available for download via MSDN and TechNet, as a free upgrade for retail copies of Windows 8 and Windows 8.1 users via the Windows Store, and to Windows 7 users via Windows Update. Windows 10 receives new builds on an ongoing basis, which are available at no additional cost to users, in addition to additional test builds of Windows 10, which are available to Windows Insiders. Devices in enterprise environments can receive these updates at a slower pace, or use long-term support milestones that only receive critical updates, such as security patches, over their ten-year lifespan of extended support.[19][20]

Windows 10 received generally positive reviews upon its original release. Critics praised Microsoft's decision to provide the desktop-oriented interface in line with previous versions of Windows, contrasting the tablet-oriented approach of Windows 8, although Windows 10's touch-oriented user interface mode was criticized for containing regressions upon the touch-oriented interface of its predecessor. Critics also praised the improvements to Windows 10's bundled software over Windows 8.1, Xbox Live integration, as well as the functionality and capabilities of the Cortana personal assistant and the replacement of Internet Explorer with Microsoft Edge. However, media outlets have been critical of the changes to operating system behaviors, including mandatory update installation, privacy concerns over data collection performed by the OS for Microsoft and its partners, and adware-like tactics used to promote the operating system on its release.[21]

Microsoft initially aimed to have Windows 10 installed on over one billion devices within three years of its release;[19] that goal was ultimately reached almost five years after release on March 16, 2020.[22] By January 2018, Windows 10 surpassed Windows 7 as the most popular version of Windows worldwide.[23] As of June 2021[update], it is estimated that 79% of Windows PCs,[23] 58% of all PCs (the rest being older Windows versions and other operating systems such as macOS and Linux), and 24% of all devices (including mobile, tablet and console)[24] are running Windows 10. On June 24, 2021, Microsoft announced Windows 10's successor, Windows 11, which was released on October 5, 2021.[25]

Windows 10 is the final version of Windows which supports IA-32 and ARMv7-based processors (also known as 32-bit processors). Its successor, Windows 11, requires a 64-bit processor in any supported architecture (x86-64/AMD64 for x86 and ARMv8 for ARM).

Development[edit]

At the Microsoft Worldwide Partner Conference in 2011, Andrew Lees, the chief of Microsoft's mobile technologies, said that the company intended to have a single software ecosystem for PCs, phones, tablets, and other devices: "We won't have an ecosystem for PCs, and one for phones, and one for tablets‍—‌they'll all come together."[26][27]

In December 2013, technology writer Mary Jo Foley reported that Microsoft was working on an update to Windows 8 codenamed "Threshold", after a planet in its Halo franchise.[28] Similarly to "Blue" (which became Windows 8.1),[29] Foley described Threshold, not as a single operating system, but as a "wave of operating systems" across multiple Microsoft platforms and services, quoting Microsoft sources, scheduled for the second quarter of 2015. She also stated that one of the goals for Threshold was to create a unified application platform and development toolkit for Windows, Windows Phone and Xbox One (which all use a similar kernel based on Windows NT).[28][30]

At the Build Conference in April 2014, Microsoft's Terry Myerson unveiled an updated version of Windows 8.1 (build 9697) that added the ability to run Windows Store apps inside desktop windows and a more traditional Start menu in place of the Start screen seen in Windows 8. The new Start menu takes after Windows 7's design by using only a portion of the screen and including a Windows 7-style application listing in the first column. The second column displays Windows 8-style app tiles. Myerson said that these changes would occur in a future update, but did not elaborate.[31][32] Microsoft also unveiled the concept of a "universal Windows app", allowing Windows Store apps created for Windows 8.1 to be ported to Windows Phone 8.1 and Xbox One while sharing a common codebase, with an interface designed for different device form factors, and allowing user data and licenses for an app to be shared between multiple platforms. Windows Phone 8.1 would share nearly 90% of the common Windows Runtime APIs with Windows 8.1 on PCs.[31][33][34][35]

Screenshots of a Windows build purported to be Threshold were leaked in July 2014, showing the previously presented Start menu and windowed Windows Store apps,[36] followed by a further screenshot of a build identifying itself as "Windows Technical Preview", numbered 9834, in September 2014, showing a new virtual desktop system, a notification center, and a new File Explorer icon.[37]

Announcement[edit]

"Windows 9" redirects here. For the Windows versions produced from 1995 to 2000, see Windows 9x. For the Windows version following Windows 8, see Windows 8.1.

On September 30, 2014, Microsoft officially announced that Threshold would be unveiled during a media event as Windows 10. Myerson said that Windows 10 would be Microsoft's "most comprehensive platform ever", providing a single, unified platform for desktop and laptop computers, tablets, smartphones, and all-in-one devices.[38][39][40] He emphasized that Windows 10 would take steps towards restoring user interface mechanics from Windows 7 to improve the experience for users on non-touch devices, noting criticism of Windows 8's touch-oriented interface by keyboard and mouse users.[41][42] Despite these concessions, Myerson noted that the touch-optimized interface would evolve as well on 10.[43]

In regards to Microsoft naming the new operating system Windows 10 instead of Windows 9, Terry Myerson said that "based on the product that's coming, and just how different our approach will be overall, it wouldn't be right to call it Windows 9."[44] He also joked that they could not call it "Windows One" (alluding to several recent Microsoft products with a similar brand, such as OneDrive, OneNote, and the Xbox One) because Windows 1.0 already existed.[45] At a San Francisco conference in October 2014, Tony Prophet, Microsoft's Vice President of Windows Marketing, said that Windows 9 "came and went", and that Windows 10 would not be "an incremental step from Windows 8.1," but "a material step. We're trying to create one platform, one eco-system that unites as many of the devices from the small embedded Internet of Things, through tablets, through phones, through PCs and, ultimately, into the Xbox."

Further details surrounding Windows 10's consumer-oriented features were presented during another media event held on January 21, 2015, entitled "Windows 10: The Next Chapter". The keynote featured the unveiling of Cortana integration within the operating system, new Xbox-oriented features, Windows 10 Mobile, an updated Office Mobile suite, Surface Hub‍—‌a large-screened Windows 10 device for enterprise collaboration based upon Perceptive Pixel technology,[47] along with HoloLens‑augmented reality eyewear and an associated platform for building apps that can render holograms through HoloLens.[48]

Additional developer-oriented details surrounding the "Universal Windows Platform" concept were revealed and discussed during Microsoft's Build developers' conference. Among them were the unveiling of "Islandwood", which provides a middlewaretoolchain for compiling Objective-C-based software (particularly iOS) to run as universal apps on Windows 10 and Windows 10 Mobile. A port of Candy Crush Saga made using the toolkit, which shared much of its code with the iOS version, was demonstrated, alongside the announcement that the King-developed game would be bundled with Windows 10 at launch.[49][50][51][52]

At the 2015 Ignite conference, Microsoft employee Jerry Nixon stated that Windows 10 would be the "last version of Windows", a statement that Microsoft confirmed was "reflective" of its view of the operating system being a "service" with new versions and updates to be released over time.[53][54][55] In 2021, however, Microsoft announced that Windows 10 would be succeeded on compatible hardware by Windows 11–and that Windows 10 support will end on October 14, 2025.[56][57]

Release and marketing[edit]

On June 1, 2015, Microsoft announced that Windows 10 would be released on July 29.[18] On July 20, 2015 Microsoft began "Upgrade Your World", an advertising campaign centering on Windows 10, with the premiere of television commercials in Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The commercials focused on the tagline "A more human way to do", emphasizing new features and technologies supported by Windows 10 that sought to provide a more "personal" experience to users.[58][59] The campaign culminated with launch events in thirteen cities on July 29, 2015, which celebrated "the unprecedented role our biggest fans played in the development of Windows 10".[60]

Features[edit]

Main article: Features new to Windows 10

See also: List of features removed in Windows 10

Windows 10 makes its user experience and functionality more consistent between different classes of device and addresses most of the shortcomings in the user interface that were introduced in Windows 8.[41][42][61]Windows 10 Mobile, the successor to Windows Phone 8.1, shared some user interface elements and apps with its PC counterpart.[62]

Windows 10 supports universal apps, an expansion of the Metro-style first introduced in Windows 8. Universal apps can be designed to run across multiple Microsoft product families with nearly identical code‍—‌including PCs, tablets, smartphones, embedded systems, Xbox One, Surface Hub and Mixed Reality. The Windows user interface was revised to handle transitions between a mouse-oriented interface and a touchscreen-optimized interface based on available input devices‍—‌particularly on 2-in-1 PCs, both interfaces include an updated Start menu which incorporates elements of Windows 7's traditional Start menu with the tiles of Windows 8. Windows 10 also introduced the Microsoft Edgeweb browser, a virtual desktop system, a window and desktop management feature called Task View, support for fingerprint and face recognition login, new security features for enterprise environments, and DirectX 12.

The Windows Runtime app ecosystem was revised into the Universal Windows Platform (UWP).[33][63][64] These universal apps are made to run across multiple platforms and device classes, including smartphones, tablets, Xbox One consoles, and other devices compatible with Windows 10. Windows apps share code across platforms, have responsive designs that adapt to the needs of the device and available inputs, can synchronize data between Windows 10 devices (including notifications, credentials, and allowing cross-platform multiplayer for games), and are distributed through the Microsoft Store (rebranded from Windows Store since September 2017).[65] Developers can allow "cross-buys", where purchased licenses for an app apply to all of the user's compatible devices, rather than only the one they purchased on (e.g., a user purchasing an app on PC is also entitled to use the smartphone version at no extra cost).[34][66][67]

The ARM version of Windows 10 allows running applications for x86 processors through 32-bit software emulation.[68]

On Windows 10, Microsoft Store serves as a unified storefront for apps, video content, and eBooks.[69] Windows 10 also allows web apps and desktop software (using either Win32 or .NET Framework) to be packaged for distribution on Microsoft Store. Desktop software distributed through Windows Store is packaged using the App-V system to allow sandboxing.[70][71]

User interface and desktop[edit]

The "Task View" display is a new feature to Windows 10, allowing the use of multiple workspaces.

A new iteration of the Start menu is used on the Windows 10 desktop, with a list of places and other options on the left side, and tiles representing applications on the right. The menu can be resized, and expanded into a full-screen display, which is the default option in Tablet mode.[41][61][72] A new virtual desktop system was added by a feature known as Task View, which displays all open windows and allows users to switch between them, or switch between multiple workspaces.[41][61] Universal apps, which previously could be used only in full screen mode, can now be used in self-contained windows similarly to other programs.[41][61] Program windows can now be snapped to quadrants of the screen by dragging them to the corner. When a window is snapped to one side of the screen, Task View appears and the user is prompted to choose a second window to fill the unused side of the screen (called "Snap Assist").[61] The Windows system icons were also changed.[72]

Charms have been removed; their functionality in universal apps is accessed from an App commands menu on their title bar.[41][61] In its place is Action Center, which displays notifications and settings toggles. It is accessed by clicking an icon in the notification area, or dragging from the right of the screen. Notifications can be synced between multiple devices.[62][72] The Settings app speccy au - Crack Key For U PC Settings) was refreshed and now includes more options that were previously exclusive to the desktop Control Panel.

Windows 10 is designed to adapt its user interface based on the type of device being used and available input methods. It offers two separate user interface modes: a user interface optimized for mouse and keyboard, and a "Tablet mode" designed for touchscreens. Users can toggle between these two modes at any time, and Windows can prompt or automatically switch when certain events occur, such as disabling Tablet mode on a tablet if a keyboard or mouse is plugged in, or when a 2-in-1 PC is switched to its laptop state. In Tablet mode, programs default to a maximized view, and the taskbar contains a back button and hides buttons for opened or pinned programs by default; Task View is used instead to switch between programs. The full screen Start menu is used in this mode, similarly to Windows 8, but scrolls vertically instead of horizontally.[42][75][76][77]

System security[edit]

Windows 10 incorporates multi-factor authentication technology based upon standards developed by the FIDO Alliance.[78] The operating system includes improved support for biometric authentication through the Windows Hello platform. Devices with supported cameras (requiring infrared illumination, such as Intel RealSense) allow users to log in with iris or face recognition, similarly to Kinect. Devices with supported readers allow users to log in through fingerprint recognition. Support was also added for palm-vein scanning through a partnership with Fujitsu in February 2018.[79] Credentials are stored locally and protected using asymmetric encryption.[80]

In 2017, researchers demonstrated that Windows Hello could be bypassed on fully-updated Windows 10 1703 with a color printout of a person's picture taken with an IR camera.[81] In 2021, researchers were again able to bypass the Windows Hello functionalities by using custom hardware disguised as a camera, which presented an IR photo of the owner's face.[82]

In addition to biometric authentication, Windows Hello supports authentication with a PIN. By default, Windows requires a PIN to consist of four digits, but can be configured to permit more complex PINs. However, a PIN is not a simpler password. While passwords are transmitted to domain controllers, PINs are not. They are tied to one device, and if compromised, only one device is affected. Backed by a Trusted Platform Module (TPM) chip, Windows uses PINs to create strong asymmetric key pairs. As such, the authentication token transmitted to the server is harder to crack. In addition, whereas weak passwords may be broken via rainbow tables, TPM causes the much-simpler Windows PINs to be resilient to brute-force attacks.[83]

When Windows 10 was first introduced, multi-factor authentication was provided by two components: Windows Hello and Passport (not to be confused with the Passport platform of 1998). Later, Passport was merged into Windows Hello.[84][80]

The enterprise edition of Windows 10 offers additional security features; administrators can set up policies for the automatic encryption of sensitive data, selectively block applications from accessing encrypted data, and enable Device Guard‍—‌a system which allows administrators to enforce a high-security environment by blocking the execution of software that is not digitally signed by a trusted vendor or Microsoft. Device Guard is designed to protect against zero-day exploits, and runs inside a hypervisor so that its operation remains separated from the operating system itself.[78][85]

Command line[edit]

The console windows based on Windows Console (for any console app, not just PowerShell and Windows Command Prompt) can now be resized without any restrictions, can be made to cover the full screen by pressing +, and can use standard keyboard shortcuts, such as those for cut, copy, and paste. Other features such as word wrap and transparency were also added. These functions can be disabled to revert to the legacy console if needed.[86]

The Anniversary Update added Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL), which allows the installation of a user space environment from a supported Linuxdistribution that runs natively on Windows. The subsystem translates Linux system calls to those of the Windows NT kernel (only claims full system call compatibility as of WSL 2, included in a later Windows update). The environment can execute the Bash shell and 64-bit command-line programs (WSL 2 also supports 32-bit Linux programs and graphics, assuming supporting software installed,[87] and GPUs support for other uses[88]). Windows applications cannot be executed from the Linux environment, and vice versa. Linux distributions for Windows Subsystem for Linux are obtained through Microsoft Store. The feature initially supported an Ubuntu-based environment; Microsoft announced in May 2017 that it would add Fedora and OpenSUSE environment options as well.[89][90][91][92][93][94][95]

Storage requirements[edit]

To reduce the storage footprint of the operating system, Windows 10 automatically compresses system files. The system can reduce the storage footprint of Windows by approximately 1.5 GB for 32-bit systems and 2.6 GB for 64-bit systems. The level of compression used is dependent on a performance assessment performed during installations or by OEMs, which tests how much compression can be used without harming operating system performance. Furthermore, the Refresh and Reset functions use barcode generator software free download crack system files instead, making a separate recovery partition redundant, allowing patches and updates to remain installed following the operation, and further reducing the amount of space required for Windows 10 by up to 12 GB. These functions replace the WIMBoot mode introduced on Windows 8.1 Update, which allowed OEMs to configure low-capacity devices with flash-based storage to use Windows system files out of the compressed WIM image typically used for installation and recovery.[96][97][98] Windows 10 also includes a function in its Settings app that allows users to view a breakdown of how their device's storage capacity is being used by different types of files, and determine whether certain types of files are saved to internal storage or an SD card by default.[99]

Online services and functionality[edit]

Windows 10 introduces Microsoft Edge, a new default web browser. It initially featured a new standards-compliant rendering engine derived from Trident, and also includes annotation tools and integration with other Microsoft platforms present within Windows 10.[100][101][102] Internet Explorer 11 is maintained on Windows 10 for compatibility purposes, but is deprecated in favor of Edge and will no longer be actively developed.[103][104] In January 2020, the initial version of Edge was succeeded by a new iteration derived from the Chromium project and the Blink layout engine and the old Edge based on EdgeHTML is now called 'Microsoft Edge Legacy'.[105] The legacy version of Edge is currently being replaced by the new Chromium-based Edge via Windows Update, though this version can also be downloaded manually. Every Windows 10 version from 20H2, which was released on October 20, 2020, will come with the new version of the browser preinstalled.[106] The Windows 10 October 2020 update added a price comparison tool to the Edge browser.[107]

Windows 10 incorporates a universal search box located alongside the Start and Task View buttons, which can be hidden or condensed into a single button.[108][109] Previous versions featured Microsoft's intelligent personal assistant Cortana, which was first introduced with Windows Phone 8.1 in 2014, and supports both text and voice input. Many of its features are a direct carryover from Windows Phone, including integration with Bing, setting reminders, a Notebook feature for managing personal information, as well as searching for files, playing music, launching applications and setting reminders or sending emails.[110][111][72] Since the November 2019 update, Microsoft has begun to downplay Cortana as part of a repositioning of the product towards enterprise use, with the May 2020 update removing its Windows shell integration and consumer-oriented features.[112][113][108][114]

Microsoft Family Safety is replaced by Microsoft Family, a parental controls system that applies across Windows platforms and Microsoft online services. Users can create a designated family, and monitor and restrict the actions of users designated as children, such as access to websites, enforcing age ratings on Microsoft Store purchases, and other restrictions. The service can also send weekly e-mail reports to parents detailing a child's computer usage. Unlike previous versions of Windows, child accounts in a family must be associated with a Microsoft account‍—‌which allows these settings to apply across all Windows 10 devices that a particular child is using.[115][116]

Windows 10 also offers the Wi-Fi Sense feature originating from Windows Phone 8.1; users can optionally have their device automatically connect to suggested open hotspots, and share their home network's password with contacts (either via Skype, People, or Facebook) so they may automatically connect to the network on a Windows 10 device without needing to manually enter its password. Credentials are stored in an encrypted form on Microsoft servers and sent to the devices of the selected contacts. Passwords are not viewable by the guest user, and the guest user is not allowed to access other computers or devices on the network. Wi-Fi Sense is not usable on 802.1X-encrypted networks. Adding "_optout" at the end of the SSID will also block the corresponding network from being used for this feature.[117]

Universal calling and messaging apps for Windows 10 are built in as of the November 2015 update: PDQ Deploy Enterprise 19.2.137.0 Crack+ License Key Free 2021, Skype Video, and Phone. These offer built-in alternatives to the Skype download and sync with Windows 10 Mobile.[118][119]

Multimedia and gaming[edit]

See also: List of Xbox Live Games on Windows 10

Windows 10 provides greater integration with the Xbox ecosystem. Xbox SmartGlass is succeeded by the Xbox Console Companion (formerly the Xbox app), which allows users to browse their game library (including both PC and Xbox console games), and Game DVR is also available using a keyboard shortcut, allowing users to save the last 30 seconds of gameplay as a video that can be shared to Xbox Live, OneDrive, or elsewhere.[120][121] Windows 10 also allows users to control and play games from an Xbox One console over a local network.[122] The Xbox Live SDK allows application developers to incorporate Xbox Live functionality into their apps, and future wireless Xbox One accessories, such as controllers, are supported on Windows with an adapter.[123] Microsoft also intends to allow cross-purchases and save synchronization between Xbox One and Windows 10 versions of games; Microsoft Studios games such as ReCore and Quantum Break are intended as being exclusive to Windows 10 and Xbox One.[124]

Candy Crush Saga and Microsoft Solitaire Collection are also automatically installed upon installation of Windows 10.[125][126]

Windows 10 adds native game recording and screenshot capture ability using the newly introduced Game Bar. Users can also have the OS continuously record gameplay in the background, which then allows the user to save the last few moments of gameplay to the storage device.[127]

Windows 10 adds FLAC and HEVC codecs and support for the Matroska media container, allowing these formats to be opened in Windows Media Player and other applications.[128][129][130]

DirectX 12[edit]

Windows 10 includes DirectX 12, alongside WDDM 2.0.[131][132] Unveiled March 2014 at GDC, DirectX 12 aims to provide "console-level efficiency" with "closer to the metal" access to hardware resources, and reduced CPU and graphics driver overhead.[133][134] Most of the performance improvements are achieved through low-level programming, which allow developers to use resources more efficiently and reduce single-threaded CPU bottlenecking caused by abstraction through higher level APIs.[135][136] DirectX 12 will also feature support for vendor agnostic multi-GPU setups.[137] WDDM 2.0 introduces a new virtual memory management and allocation system to reduce workload on the kernel-mode driver.[131][138]

Fonts[edit]

Main article: List of typefaces included with Microsoft Windows

Windows 10 adds three new default typefaces compared to Windows 8, but removes dozens of others. The removed typefaces are available in supplemental packs and may be added manually over a non-metered internet connection.

Editions and pricing[edit]

Main article: Windows 10 editions

Windows 10 is available in five main editions for personal computing devices; the Home and Pro editions of which are sold at retail in speccy au - Crack Key For U countries, and as pre-loaded software on new computers. Home is aimed at home users, while Pro is aimed at power users and small businesses. Each edition of Windows 10 includes all of the capabilities and features of the edition below it, and add additional features oriented towards their market segments; for example, Pro adds additional networking and security features such as BitLocker, Device Guard, Windows Update for Business, and the ability to join a domain. Enterprise and Education, the other editions, contain additional features aimed towards business environments, and are only available through volume licensing.[139][140]

As part of Microsoft's unification strategies, Windows products that are based on Windows 10's common platform but meant for specialized platforms are marketed as editions of the operating system, rather than as separate product lines. An updated version of Microsoft's Windows Phone operating system for smartphones, and also tablets, was branded as Windows 10 Mobile.[141] Editions of Enterprise and Mobile will also be produced for embedded systems, along with Windows 10 IoT Core, which is designed specifically for use in small footprint, low-cost devices and Internet of Things (IoT) scenarios and is similar to Windows Embedded.[139][140]

On May 2, 2017, Microsoft unveiled Windows speccy au - Crack Key For U S (referred to in leaks as Windows 10 Cloud), a feature-limited edition of Windows 10 which was designed primarily for devices in the education market (competing, in particular, with Chrome OS netbooks), such as the Surface Laptop that Microsoft also unveiled at this time. The OS restricts software installation to applications obtained from Microsoft Store; the device may be upgraded to Windows 10 Pro for a fee to enable unrestricted software installation. As a time-limited promotion, Microsoft stated that this upgrade would be free on the Surface Laptop until March 31, 2018.[142] Windows 10 S also contains a faster initial setup and login process, and allows devices to be provisioned using a USB drive with the Windows Intune for Education platform.[143][144][145][146][147] In March 2018, Microsoft announced that Windows 10 S would be deprecated because of market confusion and would be replaced by "S Mode", an OEM option wherein Windows defaults to only allowing applications to be installed from Microsoft Store, but does not require payment in order to disable these restrictions.[148][149]

Preview releases[edit]

See also: Windows Insider

A public beta program for Windows 10 known as the Windows Insider Program began with the first publicly available preview release on October 1, 2014. Insider preview builds are aimed towards enthusiasts and enterprise users for the testing and evaluation of updates and new features.[150] Users of the Windows Insider program receive occasional updates to newer preview builds of the operating system and will continue to be able to evaluate preview releases after general availability (GA) in July 2015‍—‌this is in contrast to previous Windows beta programs, where public preview builds were released less frequently and only during the months preceding GA.[41][43][151][152][153] Windows Insider builds continued being released after the release to manufacturing (RTM) of Windows 10.[154]

Public release[edit]

On July 29, 2015, Microsoft officially announced that Windows 10 would be released for retail purchase as a free upgrade from earlier versions of Windows. In comparison to previous Windows releases, which had a longer turnover between the release to manufacturing (RTM) and general release to allow for testing by vendors (and in some cases, the development of "upgrade kits" to prepare systems for installation of the new version), an HP executive explained that because it knew Microsoft targeted the operating system for a 2015 release, the company was able to optimize its then-current and upcoming products for Windows 10 in advance of its release, negating the need for such a milestone.[156][better source needed]

The general availability build of Windows 10, numbered 10240, was first released to Windows Insider channels for pre-launch testing on July 15, 2015, prior to its formal release.[157] Although a Microsoft official said there would be no specific RTM build of Windows 10, 10240 was described as an RTM build by media outlets because it was released to all Windows Insider members at once (rather than to users on the "Fast ring" first), it no longer carried pre-release branding and desktop watermark text, and its build number had mathematical connections to the number 10 in reference to the operating system's naming.[159][160][161][162][163][164] The Enterprise edition was released to volume licensing on August 1, 2015.[165]

Windows 10 is distributed digitally through the "Media Creation Tool", which is functionally identical to the Windows 8 online installer, and can also be used to generate an ISO image or USB install media.[166] In-place upgrades are supported from most editions of Windows 7 with Service Pack 1 and Windows 8.1 with Update 1, while users with Windows 8 must first upgrade to Windows 8.1. Changing between architectures (e.g., upgrading from 32-bit edition to a 64-bit editions) via in-place upgrades is not supported; a clean install is required.[167][168] In-place upgrades may be rolled back to the device's previous version of Windows, provided that 30 days have not passed since installation, and backup files were not removed using Disk Cleanup.

Windows 10 was available in 190 countries and 111 languages upon its launch, and as part of efforts to "re-engage" with users in China, Microsoft also announced that it would partner with Qihoo and Tencent to help promote and distribute Windows 10 in China, and that Chinese PC maker Lenovo would provide assistance at its service centers and retail outlets for helping users upgrade to Windows 10.[169][170][171] At retail, Windows 10 is priced similarly to editions of Windows 8.1, with U.S. prices set at $119 and $199 for Windows 10 Home and Pro respectively. A Windows 10 Pro Pack license allows upgrades from Windows 10 Home to Windows 10 Pro.[172][173] Retail copies only ship on USB flash drive media; however, system builder copies still ship as DVD-ROM media.[174] New devices shipping with Windows 10 were also released during the operating system's launch window.[175]

Windows RT devices cannot be upgraded to Windows 10.[168][176]

Free upgrade offer[edit]

Main article: Windows 10 editions § Free upgrade

During its first year of availability,[177] upgrade licenses for Windows 10 could be obtained at no charge for devices with a genuine license for an eligible edition of Windows 7 or 8.1.[173][178][179]

This offer did not apply to Enterprise editions, as customers under an active Software Assurance (SA) contract with upgrade rights are entitled to obtain Windows 10 Enterprise under their existing terms. All users running non-genuine copies of Windows, and those without an existing Windows 7 or 8 license, were ineligible for this promotion; although upgrades from a non-genuine version were possible, they result in a non-genuine copy of 10.[154][169][179][180][181]

On the general availability build of Windows 10 (version 1507), to activate and generate the "digital entitlement" for Windows 10, the operating system must have first been installed as an in-place upgrade. During the free upgrade, a file is created in the background and the system's motherboard details are registered with a Microsoft Product Activation server. Once installed, the operating system can be reinstalled on that particular system via normal means without a product key, and the system's license will automatically be detected via online activation - in essence, the Microsoft Product Activation Server will remember the system's motherboard and give it the green light for product re-activation.[167][182][183] Because of installation issues with Upgrade Only installs, the November Update (version 1511) included additional activation mechanisms. This build treated Windows 7 and Windows 8/8.1 product keys as Windows 10 product keys, meaning they could be entered during installation to activate the free license, without the need to upgrade first to "activate" the hardware with Microsoft's activation servers.[184] For major Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs), Windows 8/8.1 and Windows 10 OEM product keys are embedded in the firmware of the motherboard and if the correct edition of Windows 10 is present on the installation media, they are automatically inputted during installation. Since the release of the Fall Creators Update (version 1709), Microsoft decided to release multi-edition installation media, to alleviate installation and product activation issues users experienced because of accidentally installing the wrong edition of Windows 10.

The Windows Insider Preview version of Windows 10 automatically updated itself to the generally released version as part of the version progression and continues to be updated to new beta builds, as it had throughout the testing process. Microsoft explicitly stated that Windows Insider was not a valid upgrade path for those running a version of Windows that is ineligible for the upgrade offer; although, if it was not installed with a license carried over from an in-place upgrade to 10 Insider Preview from Windows 7 or 8, the Insider Preview does remain activated as long as the user does not exit the Windows Insider program.[154]

The offer was promoted and delivered via the "Get Windows 10" application (also known as GWX), which was automatically installed via Windows Update ahead of Windows 10's release, and activated on systems deemed eligible for the upgrade offer. Via a notification area icon, users could access an application that advertised Windows 10 and the free upgrade offer, check device compatibility, and "reserve" an automatic download of the operating system upon its release.[185][186] On July 28, a pre-download process began in which Windows 10 installation files were downloaded to some computers that had reserved it. Microsoft said that those who reserved Windows 10 would be able to install it through GWX in a phased rollout process. The operating system could alternatively be downloaded at any time using a separate "Media Creation Tool" setup program, that allows for the creation of DVD or USB installation media.[166][175][187][188]

In May 2016, Microsoft announced that the free upgrade offer would be extended to users of assistive technologies; however, Microsoft did not implement any means of certifying eligibility for this offer, which some outlets thereby promoted as being a loophole to fraudulently obtain a free Windows 10 upgrade. Microsoft said that the loophole is not intended to be used in this manner.[189][190][191] In November 2017, Microsoft announced that this program would end on December 31, 2017.[192]

However, another loophole was found that allowed Windows 7 and 8.1 users upgrade to Windows 10 using existing licenses, even though the free upgrade offers officially ended in 2017. No word from Microsoft was given whether it will be closed[193] and some outlets have continued to promote it as a free method of upgrading from the now-unsupported Windows 7.[194]

Licensing[edit]

During upgrades, Windows 10 licenses are not tied directly to a product key. Instead, the license status of the system's current installation of Windows is migrated, and a "Digital license" ( known as "Digital entitlement" in version 1511 or earlier) is generated during the activation process, which is bound to the hardware information collected during the process. If Windows 10 is reinstalled cleanly and there have not been any significant hardware changes since installation (such as a motherboard change), the online activation process will automatically recognize the system's digital entitlement if no product key is entered during installations. However, unique product keys are still distributed within retail copies of Windows 10. As with previous non-volume-licensed variants of Windows, significant hardware changes will invalidate the digital entitlement, and require Windows to be re-activated.[167][182]

Updates and support[edit]

Main article: Windows 10 version history

Unlike previous versions of Windows, Windows Update does not allow the selective installation of updates, and all updates (including patches, feature updates, and driver software) are downloaded and installed automatically. Users can only choose whether their system will reboot automatically to install updates when the system is inactive, or be Mgosoft PDF Password Remover Crack to schedule a reboot.[195][196] If a wireless network is designated as "Metered"—a function which automatically reduces the operating system's background network activity to conserve limits on Internet usage—most updates are not downloaded until the device is connected to a non-metered network. Version 1703 allows wired (Ethernet) networks to be designated as metered, but Windows may still download certain updates while connected to a metered network.[197][198]

In version 2004, by installing the August 2020 security update and later versions, driver and non-security updates pushed via Windows Update that are considered optional are no longer automatically downloaded and installed in their devices. Users can access them on Settings > Update & Security > Windows Update > View optional update.[199]

Updates can cause compatibility or other problems; a Microsoft troubleshooter program allows bad updates to be uninstalled.[200][201]

Under the Windows end-user license agreement, users consent to the automatic installation of all updates, features and drivers provided by the service, and implicitly consent "without any additional notice" to the possibility of features being modified or removed.[202][203][204] The agreement also states, specifically for users of Windows 10 in Canada, that they may pause updates by disconnecting their device from the Internet.[205]

Windows Update can also use a peer to peer system for distributing updates; by default, users' bandwidth is used to distribute previously downloaded updates to other users, in combination with Microsoft servers. Users can instead choose to only use peer-to-peer updates within their local area network.[206]

Support lifecycle[edit]

Mainstream supportVaries by version[207][208]
Extended supportOctober 14, 2025 (2025-10-14)[207][208]
Home, Pro, Pro for Workstations, S, Education, Pro Education, Enterprise, IoT Enterprise, IoT Core, Team, Enterprise 2015 LTSB, and IoT Enterprise 2015 LTSB.[209]
Windows 10 Mobile, Mobile Enterprise, and IoT MobileUnsupported as of January 14, 2020[210]
Windows 10 Enterprise and IoT Enterprise 2016 LTSBMainstream support ended on October 12, 2021[208]
Extended support until October 13, 2026[208]
Windows 10 Enterprise, IoT Enterprise, and IoT Core 2019 LTSCMainstream support until January 9, 2024[208]
Extended support until January 9, 2029[208]
Windows 10 Enterprise 2021 LTSCSupported until January 12, 2027[208]
Windows 10 IoT Enterprise 2021 LTSCMainstream support until January 12, 2027[208]
Extended support until January 13, 2032[208]

The original release of Windows 10 receives mainstream support for five years after its original release, followed by five years of extended support, but this is subject to conditions. Microsoft's support lifecycle policy for the operating system notes that "Updates are cumulative, with each update built upon all of the updates that preceded it", that "a device needs to install the latest update to remain supported", and that a device's ability to receive future updates will depend on hardware compatibility, driver availability, and whether the device is within the OEM's "support period"‍—‌a new aspect not accounted for in lifecycle policies for previous versions.[211][179][212][213] This policy was first invoked in 2017 to block Intel Clover Trail devices from receiving the Creators Update, as Microsoft asserts that future updates "require additional hardware support to provide the best possible experience", and that Intel no longer provided support or drivers for the platform. Microsoft stated that these devices would no longer receive feature updates, but would still receive security updates through January 2023.[214] Microsoft will continue to support at least one standard Windows 10 semi-annual channel release until October 14, 2025.[16][17]

The following table collects current status of the aforementioned updating and support of different branches of Windows 10:

Update branchMicrosoft internal channels
(more detail here)
Alpha software
Windows Insider Preview Branch
(WIPB)
Beta software
Semi-Annual Channel
(formerly CB)
"End user"
Long-term Servicing channel
(formerly LTSB)
"Mission critical"
EditionHome  
Pro  
Education  
Enterprise Enterprise LTSC
Critical updates
Security patches and stability updates
Continuous Continuous as made available
(choice of Beta, Dev, or Release Preview channel)
Automatic User can defer updates indefinitely
Feature upgrades
Non-critical functionality and feature updates
Automatic or defer[219]Only through LTSC in-place upgrades
Feature upgrades cadence Continuous Continuous as released Continuous, deferrable for 12 months at a time; once a deferral period is past, no further deferrals possible until latest updates are installed LTSC releases are stable 'snapshots' of SAC
Upgrade support Continuous updating, features come and go silently with new builds Continuous updating or in-place upgrade to supported LTSC builds In-place upgrade support for the three most recent LTSC builds
Update support Only the latest build is supported 10 years (or until future builds require hardware support the old device doesn't have or ~4 months after a missed cumulative update made into SAC.)[211]10 years (or ~6 months from deferring build upgrade or until future builds require hardware support the old device doesn't have.) 5 years (for 2021 and newer, non IoT) or 5 years mainstream + 5 years extended (for 2019 and older, all IoT versions)
Update methods Windows UpdateWindows Update
Windows Update for Business
Windows Server Update Services

Feature updates[edit]

Windows 10 is often described by Microsoft as being a "service", as it receives regular "feature updates" that contain new features and other updates and fixes.[179][220][221][222] In April 2017, Microsoft stated that these updates would be released twice a year every March and September in the future.[223] Mainstream builds of Windows 10, until and including 2004, were labeled "YYMM", with "YY" representing the two-digit year and "MM" representing the month of release. For example, version 1809 was released in September (the ninth month) of 2018. This was changed with the 20H2 release where "MM" represents the half of the year in which the update was released, for example H1 for the first half and H2 for the second half.[224]

The pace at which feature updates are received by devices is dependent on which release channel is used. The default branch for all users of Windows 10 Home and Pro is "Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted)" (formerly "Current Branch", or "CB"),[222] which receives stable builds after they are publicly released by Microsoft. Each build of Windows 10 is supported for 18 months after its original release.[222] In enterprise environments, Microsoft officially intends that this branch is used for "targeted" deployments of newly-released stable versions so that they can be evaluated and tested on a limited number of devices before a wider deployment. Once a stable build is certified by Microsoft and its partners as being suitable for broad deployment, the build is then released on the "Semi-Annual Channel" (formerly "Current Branch for Business", or "CBB"), which is supported by the Pro and Enterprise editions of Windows 10.[222][196][225] Semi-Annual Channel receives stable builds on a four-month delay from their release on the Targeted channel,[222] Administrators can also use the "Windows Update for Business" system, as well as existing tools such as WSUS and System Center Configuration Manager, to organize structured deployments of feature updates across their networks.[222][196]

The Windows Insider branches receive unstable builds as they are released; it is divided into two channels, "Dev" (which receives new builds immediately after their release), and "Beta" (whose releases are slightly delayed from their "Dev" release).[222]

Enterprise licensees may use the Windows 10 Enterprise LTSC (formerly LTSB) edition, where "LTSC" stands for "long-term servicing channel", which only receive quality of life updates (i.e. security patches), and has a full, 5 or 10-year support lifecycle for each build.[222][225][218] This edition is designed for "special-purpose devices" that perform a fixed function (such as automated teller machines and medical equipment). For this reason, it excludes Cortana, Microsoft Store, and all bundled Universal Windows Platform apps (including but not limited to Microsoft Edge, hence these builds ship only with Internet Explorer as browser).[226][227][222][179][228][229] Microsoft director Stella Chernyak explained that "we have businesses [that] may have mission-critical environments where we respect the fact they want to test and stabilize the environment for a long time."[230] Four LTSC builds have been released, correlating with the 1507, 1607, 1809, and 21H2 versions of Windows 10, respectively.[231][232][233]

In July 2017, Microsoft announced changes in the terminology for Windows branches as part of its effort to unify the update cadence with that of Office 365 ProPlus and Windows Server 2016.[234][222] The branch system speccy au - Crack Key For U defines two paces of upgrade deployment in enterprise environments, "targeted" initial deployment of a new version on selected systems immediately after its stable release for final testing, and "broad" deployment afterwards. Hence, "Current Branch" is now known as "Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted)", and "Current Branch for Business" for broad deployment is now referred to as "Semi-Annual Channel".[235][222]

In February 2019, Microsoft announced changes again in delivering updates in beginning of release of version 1903: a single SAC will be released and SAC-T will be retired, and users are no longer able to switch to different channels. Instead, these updates can be deferred from 30 to 90 days, or depending how the device was configured to deferred the updates.[236] In April 2019, it was announced that, in addition, feature updates will no longer be automatically pushed to users.[237] However after the release of version 2004, the update only pushed for those running speccy au - Crack Key For U feature update version that is nearing end of service or it can be paused for up to 35 days.[238][239]

Feature updates prior to version 1909 are distributed solely as an in-place upgrade installation, requiring the download of a complete operating system package (approximately 3.5 GB in size for 64-bit systems). Unlike previous builds, version 1909 is designed primarily as an update rollup version of 1903, focusing primarily on minor feature additions and enhancements. For upgrades to 1909 from 1903, a new delivery method Virtual DJ 2021 Build 6604 Crack With Activation Code Free Download used where its changes were delivered as part of the monthly cumulative update, but are left in a dormant state until the 1909 update "enablement" patch is installed. The full upgrade process is still used for those using builds prior to 1903.[240][241]

Features in development[edit]

In May 2017, Microsoft unveiled Fluent Design System (previously codenamed "Project Neon"), a revamp of Microsoft Design Language 2 that will include guidelines for the designs and interactions used within software designed for all Windows 10 devices and platforms. The new design language will include the more prominent use of motion, depth, and translucency effects. Microsoft stated that the implementation of this design language would be performed over time, and it had already started to implement elements of it in Creators Update and Fall Creators Update.[242]

On December 7, 2016, Microsoft announced that, as part of a partnership with Qualcomm, it planned to introduce support for running Win32 software on ARM architecture with a 32-bit x86 processor emulator, in 2017. Terry Myerson stated that this move would enable the production of Qualcomm Snapdragon-based Windows devices with cellular connectivity and improved power efficiency over Intel-compatible devices, and still capable of running the majority of existing Windows software (unlike the previous Windows RT, which was restricted to Windows Store apps). Microsoft is initially targeting this project towards laptops.[68] Microsoft launched the branding Always Connected PCs in December 2017 to market Windows 10 devices with cellular connectivity, which included two ARM-based 2-in-1 laptops from Asus and HP featuring the Snapdragon 835 system-on-chip, and the announcement of a partnership between AMD and Qualcomm to integrate its Snapdragon X16 gigabit LTE modem with AMD's Ryzen Mobile platform.[243][244]

In August 2019, Microsoft began testing changes to its handling of the user interface on convertible devices—downplaying the existing "Tablet Mode" option in favor of presenting the normal desktop with optimizations for touch when a keyboard is not present, such as increasing the space between taskbar buttons and displaying the virtual keyboard when text fields are selected.[245]

In April 2021, the ability to run Linux applications using a graphical user interface, such as Audacity, directly in Windows, was introduced as a preview.[246] This feature would later be included as part of the updated Windows Subsystem for Linux 2 for Windows 11 only.

System requirements[edit]

The basic hardware requirements to install Windows 10 were initially the same as those for Windows 8.1 and Windows 8, and only slightly higher than for Windows 7 and Windows Vista. As of the May 2019 update, the minimum disk space requirement has been increased to 32 GB. In addition, on new installations, Windows permanently reserves up to 7 GB of disk space in order to ensure proper installation of future feature updates.[248][249]

The 64-bit variants require a CPU that supports certain instructions.[250] Devices with low storage capacity must provide a USB flash drive or SD card with sufficient storage for temporary files during upgrades.[251]

Some pre-built devices may be described as "certified" by Microsoft. Certified tablets must include, and keys; and keys are no longer required.[252]

As with Windows 8, all certified devices must ship with UEFI Secure Boot enabled by default. Unlike Windows 8, OEMs are no longer required to make Secure Boot settings user-configurable, meaning that devices may optionally be locked to run only Microsoft-signed operating systems.[253] A supported infrared-illuminated camera is required for Windows Hello face authentication, and a supported fingerprint reader is required for Windows Hello fingerprint authentication.[178] Device Guard requires a UEFI system with no third-party certificates loaded, and CPU virtualization extensions (including SLAT and IOMMU) enabled in firmware.

Beginning with Intel Kaby Lake and AMD Bristol Ridge, Windows 10 is the only version of Windows that Microsoft will officially support on newer CPU microarchitectures.[254][255] Terry Myerson stated that Microsoft did not want to make further investments in optimizing older versions of Windows and associated software for newer generations of processors.[256][257] These policies were criticized by the media, who especially noted that Microsoft was refusing to support newer hardware (particularly Intel's Skylake CPUs, which was also originally targeted by the new policy with a premature end of support that was ultimately retracted)[258][259] on Windows 8.1, a version of Windows that was still in mainstream support until January 2018.[260][261] In addition, an enthusiast-created modification was released that disabled the check and allowed Windows 8.1 and earlier to continue to work on the platform.[262]

Windows 10 version 1703 and later do not support Intel Clover Trail system-on-chips, per Microsoft's stated policy of only providing updates for devices during their OEM support period.[214][263]

Starting with Windows 10 version 2004, Microsoft will require new OEM devices to use 64-bit processors, and will therefore cease the distribution of x86 (32-bit) variants of Windows 10 via OEM channels. The 32-bit variants of Windows 10 will remain available via non-OEM channels, and Microsoft will continue to "[provide] feature and security updates on these devices".[264] This would later be followed by Windows 11 dropping 32-bit hardware support altogether, and thus making Windows 10 the final version of Windows to have a 32-bit version.[265]

Reception[edit]

Main article: Criticism of Windows 10

Critics characterized the initial release of Windows 10 as being rushed, citing the incomplete state of some of the operating system's bundled software, such as the Edge web browser, as well as the stability of the operating system itself on launch.[266][267][268] However, TechRadar felt that it could be "the new Windows 7", citing the operating system's more familiar user interface, improvements to bundled apps, performance improvements, a "rock solid" search system, and the Settings app being more full-featured than its equivalents on 8 and 8.1. The Edge browser was praised for its performance, although it was not in a feature-complete state at launch. While considering them a "great idea in principle", concerns were shown for Microsoft's focus on the universal app ecosystem:

It's by no means certain that developers are going to flock to Windows 10 from iOS and Android simply because they can convert their apps easily. It may well become a no-brainer for them, but at the moment a conscious decision is still required.[267]

Engadget was similarly positive, noting that the upgrade process was painless and that Windows 10's user interface had balanced aspects of Windows 8 with those of previous versions with a more mature aesthetic. Cortana's always-on voice detection was considered to be its "true strength", also citing its query capabilities and personalization features, but noting that it was not as pre-emptive as Google Now. Windows 10's stock applications were praised for being improved over their Windows 8 counterparts, and for supporting windowed modes. The Xbox app was also praised for its Xbox One streaming functionality, although recommending its use over a wired network because of inconsistent quality over Wi-Fi. In conclusion, it was argued that "Windows 10 delivers the most refined desktop experience ever from Microsoft, and yet it's so much more than that. It's also a decent tablet OS, and it's ready for a world filled with hybrid devices. And, barring another baffling screwup, it looks like a significant step forward for mobile. Heck, it makes the Xbox One a more useful machine."[269]

Ars Technica panned the new Tablet mode interface for removing the charms and app switching, making the Start button harder to use by requiring users to reach for the button on the bottom-left rather than at the center of the screen when swiping with a thumb, and for making application switching less instantaneous through the use of Task View. Microsoft Edge was praised for being "tremendously promising", and "a much better browser than Internet Explorer ever was", but criticized it for its lack of functionality on-launch. In conclusion, contrasting Windows 8 as being a "reliable" platform albeit consisting of unfinished concepts, Windows 10 was considered "the best Windows yet", and was praised for having a better overall concept in its ability to be "comfortable and effective" across a wide array of form factors, but that it was buggier than previous versions of Windows were on-launch.[266]ExtremeTech felt that Windows 10 restricted the choices of users, citing its more opaque setting menus, forcing users to give up bandwidth for the peer-to-peer distribution of updates, and for taking away user control of specific functions, such as updates, explaining that "it feels, once again, as if Microsoft has taken the seed of a good idea, like providing users with security updates automatically, and shoved the throttle to maximum."[270] Windows 10 has also received criticism because of deleting files without user permission after auto updates.[271]

Critics have noted that Windows 10 heavily emphasizes freemium services, and contains various advertising facilities. Some outlets have considered these to be a hidden "cost" of the free upgrade offer.[272][273][274] Examples of these have included microtransactions in bundled games such as Microsoft Solitaire Collection,[275][272][276][277] default settings that display promotions of "suggested" apps in the Start menu, "tips" on the lock screen that may contain advertising,[273][274] ads displayed in File Explorer for Office 365 subscriptions on Creators' Update,[274] and various advertising notifications displayed by default which promote Microsoft Edge when it is not set as the default web browser (including, in a September 2018 build, nag pop-ups displayed to interrupt the installation process of competitors).[278][279]

Market share and sales[edit]

See also: Usage share of operating systems § Crossover to smartphones having majority share

Windows PC market share (of Windows) statistics
Windows 10

81.43%
Windows 7

13.57%
Windows 8.1

3.17%
Windows 8

1.07%
Windows XP

0.53%
Windows Vista

0.21%
Other

0.02%
"Desktop Windows Version Market Share Worldwide" according to StatCounter for October 2021.[280] Note, StatCounter tracks Windows vs. macOS, Linux etc. separately, and this statistic is only thereof Windows share.

Up to August 2016, Windows 10 usage was increasing, with it then plateauing,[281] while eventually in 2018, it became more popular than Windows 7[282][283] (though Windows 7 was still more used in some countries in Asia and Africa in 2019). As of March 2020[update], the operating system is running on over a billion devices, reaching the goal set by Microsoft two years after the initial deadline.[22]

Twenty-four hours after it was released, Microsoft announced that over 14 million devices were running Windows 10.[284] On August 26, Microsoft said over 75 million devices were running Windows 10, in 192 countries, and on over 90,000 unique PC or tablet models.[285] According to Terry Myerson, there were over 110 million devices running Windows 10 as of October 6, 2015.[286] On January 4, 2016, Microsoft reported that Windows 10 had been activated on over 200 million devices since the operating system's launch in July 2015.[287][288]

According to StatCounter, Windows 10 overtook Windows 8.1 in December 2015.[289][290]Iceland was the first country where Windows 10 was ranked first (not only on the desktop, but across all platforms),[291] with several larger European countries following. For one week in late November 2016, Windows 10 overtook first rank from Windows 7 in the United States, before losing it again.[292] By February 2017, Windows 10 was losing market share to Windows 7.[293]

In mid-January 2018, Windows 10 had a slightly higher global market share than Windows 7,[282] with it noticeably more popular on weekends,[294] while popularity varies widely by region, e.g. Windows 10 was then still behind in Africa[295] and far ahead in some other regions e.g. Oceania.[296]

Update system changes[edit]

Windows 10 Home is permanently set to download all updates automatically, including cumulative updates, security patches, and drivers, and users cannot individually select updates to install or not.[297] Microsoft offers a diagnostic tool that can be used to hide updates and prevent them from being reinstalled, but only after they had been already installed, then uninstalled without rebooting the system.[298][299] Tom Warren of The Verge felt that, given web browsers such as Google Chrome had already adopted such an automatic update system, such a requirement would help to keep all Windows 10 devices secure, and felt that "if you're used to family members calling you for technical support because they've failed to upgrade to the latest Windows service pack or some malware disabled Windows Update then those days will hopefully be over."[300]

Concerns were raised that because of these changes, users would be unable to skip the automatic installation of updates that are faulty or cause issues with certain system configurations—although build upgrades will also be subject to public beta testing via Windows Insider program.[298][300] There were also concerns that the forced installation of driver updates through Windows Update, where they were previously designated as "optional", could cause conflicts with drivers that were installed independently of Windows Update. An example of such a situation occurred prior to the general release of the operating system, when an Nvidiagraphics card driver that was automatically pushed to Windows 10 users via Windows Update caused issues that prevented the use of certain functions, or prevented their system from booting at all.[298]

Criticism was also directed towards Microsoft's decision to no longer provide specific details on the contents of cumulative updates for Windows 10.[301] On February 9, 2016, Microsoft retracted this decision and began to provide release notes for cumulative updates on the Windows website.[302]

Some users reported that during the installation of the November upgrade, some applications (particularly utility programs such as CPU-Z and Speccy) were automatically uninstalled during the upgrade process, and some default programs were reset to Microsoft-specified defaults (such as Photos app, and Microsoft Edge for PDF viewing), both without warning.[303][304]

Further issues were discovered upon the launch of the Anniversary Update ("Redstone"), including a bug that caused some devices to freeze (but addressed by cumulative update KB3176938, released on August 31, 2016),[305][306] and that fundamental changes to how Windows handles webcams had caused many to stop working.[307]

In June 2017, a Redstone 3 Insider build (RS_EDGE_CASE in PC and rs_IoT on Mobile) was accidentally released to both Insider and non-Insider users on all Windows 10 devices, but the update was retracted, with Microsoft apologizing and releasing a note on their Windows Insider Program blog describing how to prevent the build from being installed on their device.[308] According to Dona Sarkar, this was due to "an inadvertent deployment to the engineering system that controls which builds/which rings to push out to insiders."[309]

A Gartner analyst felt that Windows 10 Pro was becoming increasingly inappropriate for use in enterprise environments because of support policy changes by Microsoft, including consumer-oriented upgrade lifecycle length, and only offering extended support for individual builds to Enterprise and Education editions of Windows 10.[310]

Critics have acknowledged that Microsoft's update and testing practices had been affecting the overall quality of Windows 10. In particular, it was pointed out that Microsoft's internal testing departments had been prominently affected by a major round of layoffs undertaken by the company in 2014. Microsoft relies primarily on user testing and bug reports via the Windows Insider program (which may not always be of sufficient quality to identify a bug), as well as correspondence with OEMs and other stakeholders. In the wake of the known folder redirection data loss bug in the version 1809, it was pointed out that bug reports describing the issue had been present on the Feedback Hub app for several months prior to the public release. Following the incident, Microsoft updated Feedback Hub so that users may specify the severity of a particular bug report. When announcing the resumption of 1809's rollout, Microsoft stated that it planned to be more transparent in its handling of update quality in the future, through a series of blog posts that will detail its testing process and the planned development of a "dashboard" that will indicate the rollout progress of future updates.[311][312][313][314][315]

Distribution practices[edit

Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_10

Diagnostic and Performance Tools for Intel® Desktop Boards

Feature areaTool/Software/SiteDescriptionProcessorIntel® Processor Diagnostic ToolThe Intel Processor Diagnostic Tool is a free application used to verify the functionality of an Intel microprocessor. The diagnostic checks for brand identification, verifies the processor operating frequency, tests specific processor features and does a stress test on the processor.ProcessorIntel® Processor Identification UtilityThe Intel® Processor Identification Utility identifies the brand, features, package, intended frequencies, and actual operating frequencies of the processor. You can also use the utility to discern if an Intel® Processor is working above its rated frequency.ProcessorPerfMonitor*PerfMonitor is a processor performance monitoring tool that allows you to track the frequency of four events chosen in a set of model-specific list. It can be used to identify the performance bottlenecks of a system, or to monitor a program for cache-miss rate or mispredicted branches. PerfMonitor can also be used as a hardware-level CPU comparison tool, comparing the key parameters of different CPUs running the same benchmark.ProcessorTmonitor*TMonitor displays the active clock of each individual core of the processor. A very high refresh rate (20 times per second) allows you to visualize the smallest clock variation in real time. TMonitor detects mechanisms such as Intel® Turbo Boost Technology, and allows you to clearly visualize its effect as the processor is working.Processor, graphicsOCCT*OCCT is a stability checking tool aimed at testing processors, graphics, and power supplies.Processor, memoryCPU-Z*CPU-Z is a freeware application that gathers information on some of the main devices of your system.MemoryMemtest86+*A free, standalone memory testing program.MemoryWindows Memory Diagnostic*A free memory test tool provided by Microsoft. Similar to other memory testing programs, Windows Memory Diagnostic does a series of extensive tests to see if anything is wrong with your computer memory.OverclockingOverclock.netOverclock.net is an online community which includes forums, reviews, and articles related to overclocking.Complete system; OverclockingPrime95*Used by PC enthusiasts and overclockers as a stability testing utility.Complete systemAIDA64*A complete PC diagnostics software utility that assists you while installing, optimizing or troubleshooting your computer. The utility provides all information about your system, from hardware devices and installed drivers, to operating system security and stability metrics.Complete systemPC Wizard 2010*A utility designed for detection of hardware, it also analyzes and benchmarks hardware: CPU performance, cache performance, RAM performance, hard disk performance, CD/DVD-ROM performance, removable/flash media performance, video performance, and MP3 compression performance.Complete systemHWMonitor*HWMonitor is a hardware monitoring program that reads PC systems main health sensors: voltages, temperatures, fans speed. The program handles the most common sensor chips, like ITE* IT87 series, most Winbond* ICs, and others. The program can also read modern CPUs on-die core thermal sensors, as well has a hard drives temperatures via S.M.A.R.T, and video card GPU temperatures.Complete systemBurnIn Test*A software tool that simultaneously stress tests all the main subsystems of a computer, for endurance, reliability, speccy au - Crack Key For U stability.Complete systemWinSAT*The Windows System Assessment Tool (WinSAT) assesses the performance characteristics and capabilities of a computer. Developers use this API to develop software that optimizes application settings based on the capabilities of the computer.Complete systemSpeedFan*SpeedFan monitors voltages, fan speeds, and temperatures in computers with hardware monitor chips. It can also access S.M.A.R.T. info and show hard disk temperatures.Complete systemOpen HW Monitor*Open Hardware Monitor is a free open source application that monitors temperature sensors, fan speeds, voltages, load, and clock speeds of a computer. It supports most hardware monitoring chips found on motherboards.Complete systemHWiNFO32*HWiNFO32 is a hardware information and diagnostic tool supporting the latest components, industry technologies, and standards. It collects and presents the maximum amount of information possible about the computer hardware.Complete systemHmonitor*Hardware sensors monitor uses sensor chips on smart motherboards to track system and CPU core temperatures, voltages, and cooling fans. Hmonitor continually monitors the various parameters.Complete systemPerformanceTest*PassMark PerformanceTest allows you to objectively benchmark a PC using different speed tests, and compare the results to other computers.Complete systemSpeccy*Speccy gives you detailed statistics on every piece of hardware in your computer, including CPU, motherboard, RAM, graphics cards, hard disks, optical drives, and audio support. Speccy also adds the temperatures of the different components.Graphics
3DMark*Benchmark programs that run intense tests that strain even the latest hardware. By comparing your benchmark score with millions of others you can find problems with hardware and software.GraphicsMonitorTest*Allows you to investigate the quality and performance of your computer monitor or LCD flat panel screen.AudioSoundCheck*Tests your PC sound card, speakers, and microphone to verify that your sound card can record and playback sounds at various audio sample rates. It also checks the capability of your speakers to reproduce the highest and lowest frequencies.Hard driveSeagate SeaTools*A comprehensive, easy-to-use diagnostic tool that helps you quickly see the condition of the disk drive. It includes several tests that examine the physical media on your Seagate or Maxtor disk drive, or on any other non-Seagate disk drive.WirelessWirelessMon*Allows you to monitor the status of WiFi adapters and gather information about nearby wireless access points and hotspots in real time.KeyboardKeyboardTest*Checks that all the keys on a keyboard are functioning correctly. Checks the keyboard LEDs, looks at the internal scan codes generated by the keyboard, and measures typing speed.USBUSB 2.0 LoopbackActive loopback plugs are the quickest, most effective way to verify that USB ports are working correctly.
Источник: https://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/support/articles/000005607/boards-and-kits/desktop-boards.html

Raspberry Pi 400: the $70 desktop PC

Raspberry Pi has always been a PC company. Inspired by the home computers of the 1980s, our mission is to put affordable, high-performance, programmable computers into the hands of people all over the world. And inspired by these classic PCs, here is Raspberry Pi 400: a complete personal computer, built into a compact keyboard.

Raspberry Pi 4, which we launched in June last year, is roughly forty times as powerful as the original Raspberry Pi, and offers an experience that is indistinguishable from a legacy PC for the majority of users. Particularly since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, we’ve seen a rapid increase in the use of Raspberry Pi 4 for home working and studying.

A front view of the Raspberry Pi keyboard

But user friendliness is about more than performance: it can also be about form factor. In particular, having fewer objects on your desk makes for a simpler set-up experience. Classic home computers – BBC Micros, ZX Spectrums, Commodore Amigas, and the rest – integrated the motherboard directly into the keyboard. No separate system unit and case; no keyboard cable. Just a computer, a power supply, a monitor cable, and (sometimes) a mouse.

Raspberry Pi 400

We’ve never been shy about borrowing a good idea. Which brings us to Raspberry Pi 400: it’s a faster, cooler 4GB Raspberry Pi 4, integrated into a compact keyboard. Priced at just $70 for the computer on its own, or $100 for a ready-to-go kit, if you’re looking for an affordable PC for day-to-day use this is the Raspberry Pi for you.

Buy the kit

The Raspberry Pi 400 Personal Computer Kit is the “Christmas morning” product, with the Active@ Data Studio License key possible out-of-box experience: a complete PC which plugs into your TV or monitor. The kit comprises:

  • A Raspberry Pi 400 computer
  • Our official USB mouse
  • Our official USB-C power supply
  • An SD card with Raspberry Pi OS pre-installed
  • A micro HDMI to HDMI cable
  • The official Raspberry Pi Beginner’s Guide

At launch, we are supporting English (UK and US), French, Italian, German, and Spanish keyboard layouts, with (for the first time) translated versions of the Beginner’s Guide. In the near future, we plan to support the same set of languages as our official keyboard.

Buy the computer

Saving money by bringing your own peripherals has always been part of the Raspberry Pi ethos. If you already have the other bits of the kit, you can buy a Raspberry Pi 400 computer on its own for just $70.

A close up of the left-hand keys of the Raspberry Pi 400

Buy the book

To accompany Raspberry Pi 400, we’ve released a fourth edition of our popular Raspberry Pi Beginner’s Guide, packed with updated material to help you get the most out of your new PC.

You can buy a copy of the Beginner’s Guide today from the Raspberry Pi Press store, or download a free PDF.

Where to buy Raspberry Pi 400

UK, US, and French Raspberry Pi 400 kits and computers are available to buy right now. Italian, German, and Spanish units are on their way to Raspberry Pi Approved Resellers, who should have them in stock in the next week.

We expect that Approved Resellers in India, Australia, and New Zealand will have kits and computers in stock by the end of the year. We’re rapidly rolling out compliance certification for other territories too, so that Raspberry Pi 400 will be available around the world in the first few months of 2021.

Of course, if you’re anywhere near Cambridge, you can head over to the Raspberry Pi Store to pick up your Raspberry Pi 400 today.

What does everyone else think?

We let a handful of people take an early look at Raspberry Pi 400 so they could try it out and pull together their thoughts to share with you. Here’s what some of them made of it.

Simon Martin, who has spent the last couple of years bringing Raspberry Pi 400 to life, will be here tomorrow to share some of the interesting technical challenges that he encountered along the way. In the meantime, start thinking about what you’ll do with your Raspberry Pi PC.

Источник: https://www.raspberrypi.com/news/raspberry-pi-400-the-70-desktop-pc/

Windows 7 Numero 7601 Serial Number

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Como Encontrar o Número de Série do Computador no Windows. Este artigo vai ensiná-lo a encontrar o número de série de um computador desktop ou laptop usando o prompt de comando do Windows. On Windows 7, press Windows + R, type “cmd” into the Run dialog, and then press Enter. At the Command Prompt, type the following command and then press Enter: wmic bios get serialnumber. You’ll see the computer’s serial number displayed beneath the text “SerialNumber”. This command uses the Windows Management Instrumentation Command.

Windows-7 Enterprise build 7600 product key Serial number.

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Activate both 32 bit and Ultimate 64 bit versions, All languages. Windows 7 Ultimate Product Key Online Activation is 100% Genuine. Serial windows 7 Ultimate. Windows 7 Ultimate N OEM s/n: HTJK6-DXX8T-TVCR6-KDG67-97J8Q Windows 7 Ultimate E OEM s/n: TWMF7-M387V-XKW4Y-PVQQD-RK7C8 Serial Windows 7 Ultimate 32 e 64bits 2012 D4F6K-QK3RD-TMVMJ-BBMRX-3MBMV Product key: 342DG-6YJR8-X92GV-V7DCV-P4K27 - Default Product key: D4F6K-QK3RD-TMVMJ-BBMRX-3MBMV BCGX7-P3XWP-PPPCV-Q2H7C-FCGFR. Go to the Windows 7 Service Pack 1 download page on the Microsoft website. Select Install Instructions to see which packages are available for download, and make note of the one that you need. Select the appropriate language from the drop-down list, and then select Download. Select the packages you need to install, select Next, and then follow. By click here. Step 2: You onpen this windows 7 edition integrale activation key startimes. KeyGen is a shortened word for Key Generator. 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Product Key Number

How to See Product Key in Vista



information   Information

The product key number is a sequence of 25 letters and numbers. The number is divided into 5 groups of 5 characters each. During Vista installation, you must enter the product key number to activate Vista.

This will show you how to find the product key number from a Windows sticker, or if you lost the product key and need to get it from within your installed Vista.

Note   Note

  • If you reinstalled Vista or did not activate or type in the product key number after you installed Vista the first time, then the program in this tutorial will not be able to show you the number from within Vista since you did not enter it.
  • A Express or Retail Vista can be installed on any one computer at a time for as many times as you like. A OEM Vista may only be able to be installed on the exact same computer as many times as you like. The product key number for the Vista 32 bit version is the same one for it's 64 bit version. You can only have the Product Key activated on one computer and version of 32 bit or 64 bit Vista at a time. If you had the product key activated on one computer and made some hardware changes to it (EX: Motherboard) or decided to use it on another computer, then you will have to remove it from the old computer and do a phone activation.
  • You can usually find the product key on the back of a OEM desktop computer, on the bottom of a laptop computer, or on the retail installation disc holder inside the Vista package. Look for a sticker that looks like one of these below.
  • For the license terms for Vista, see: Microsoft: License Terms for Software Licensed from Microsoft
Tip   Tip
You can tell if you have a OEM or Retail Vista by looking at the product key number. x= a random number or letter
  • OEM - xxxxx-oemxx-xxxxx-xxxxx
    NOTE:Will also include OEM on the Vista Product Key Stickers. See examples below.
  • Retail - xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx
warning   Warning
The Product IDnumber displayed here in Vista is not your Product Key number.NOTE:To see this, right click Computer (in Start menu) and click on Properties; or open the Control Panel (Classic View) and click System. Scroll to the bottom.
Activated.jpg






OPTION ONE
Find Vista Product Key Number on Product Key Sticker

1. For a OEM Product Key on COA Sticker

NOTE:These will be store bought computers that came with Windows 7 preinstalled on them. The product key sticker will usually be on the back of a desktop, and on the bottom or under the battery of a laptop and notebook. The sticker key number may be different than the key number reported in one of the programs below. If so, the key number on the sticker is the one that's unique to your computer, and that's the one you'll need to input should you ever clean install Windows. The different extracted key is just a master key used at the OEM factory.​

COA.jpg

OEM.jpg

2. For a Retail Product Key on COA Sticker

NOTE:These will be computers that a retail copy of Windows 7 has been installed on. The product key sticker will be in the included paperwork in the retail Windows 7 box.​

Retail.jpg







OPTION TWO
To Use "Magical Jelly Bean Keyfinder" to See Product Key Number in Vista


Note   Note

This option shows you how to use the free program Magical Jelly Bean Keyfinder to see what the product key number is from within a Windows 7 that it has already been entered in (ex: activated). Magical Jelly Bean Keyfinder will not show the product key number for Windows 7 Enterprise though.


1. Download and run the free Magical Jelly Bean Keyfinder program towards the bottom of the link.​

2. In the left pane, click on Windows 7 (your edition). You will see CD Key in the right pane displaying the Windows 7 product key number.​

Magical_Jelly_Bean.jpg





OPTION THREE
To Use "Speccy" to See Product Key Number in Vista


Note   Note

This option shows you how to use the free program Speccy to see what the product key number is from within a Windows 7 that it has already been entered in (ex: activated). Speccy will not show the product key number for Windows 7 Enterprise though.


1. Download, install, and run the free Speccy program.​

2. In the left pane, click on Operating System. In the right pane, you will see the product key number to the right of Serial Number.​

Speccy.JPG





OPTION FOUR
To Use "ProduKey" to See Product Key Number in Vista


Note   Note

This option shows you how to use the free program ProduKey to see what the product key number is from within a Windows 7 that it has already been entered in (ex: activated). ProduKey will not show the product key number for Windows 7 Enterprise though.


1. Download, extract, and run the free ProduKey program.​

2. You will now see Windows product key listed.​

ProduKey.jpg





OPTION FIVE
To Use a VBS Download to See Product Key Number in Vista

Note   Note

This option was provided by our member Konst at this link.

There you can see that the encrypted key is stored in registry key:
HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\DigitalProductId
at Offset = 52

And that the key only includes this letters and numbers
BCDFGHJKMPQRTVWXY2346789
And no "AEILNOSUZ015 allowed.


1. Click on the Download button below to download the file below.​

See_Windows_Product_Key.vbs

download


2. Save the VBS file to your desktop, run it, and approve running it.​

NOTE:The .vbs file does not install anything on your computer. You can also right click on the .vbs file and click on Edit to see what the script contains.​

3. You will now get a pop-up dialog box displaying the product key number used to activate your current Windows installation. Click on OK to close the pop-up when ready. (see screenshot below)​

VBS-example.jpg





OPTION SIX
To Use "Belarc Advisor" to Find Product Key in Vista


Note   Note

You must be signed in as an administrator to run this program. This program will not find the product key of Windows 7 Enterprise since it's a volume license.



1.If you have not already, download and install the free Belarc Advisorprogram.

2.Run the program. When it displays the results in your default web browser, scroll down until you see your Windows 8 product key like below.

Belarc_Advisor.jpg



That's it,
Shawn


 

Источник: https://www.vistax64.com/threads/product-key-number.85023/

Windows 7 Numero 7601 Serial Number

Download Windows 7 Numero 7601 Serial Number free and unlimited.

Como Encontrar o Número de Série do Computador no Windows. Este artigo vai ensiná-lo a encontrar o número de série de um computador desktop ou laptop usando o prompt de comando do Windows. On Windows 7, press Windows + R, type “cmd” into the Run dialog, and then press Enter. At the Command Prompt, type the following command and then press Enter: wmic bios get serialnumber. You’ll see the computer’s serial number displayed beneath the text “SerialNumber”. This command uses the Windows Management Instrumentation Command.

Windows-7 Enterprise build 7600 product key Serial number.

Windows 7 Ultimate. - Master of Computer Applications. Also, you can get Windows 7 Professional SP1 64 bit at a very cheap rate from Amazon, with Genuine Product Key and DVD which help you to install Windows 7 on any computer without downloading and you can activate the key on your computers. Also Read:– Ultimate Tips to Make Windows 7/8/8.1 Faster COMPILAÇÃO 7601 ! Como ATIVAR seu WINDOWS 7 #1Minute - YouTube. How to Activate or Crack Windows 7 for Free? - Rene.E. Windows 7 Installation and Activation. Always remember that buying Windows 7 key from official Microsoft website is the legal way to use Windows 7 and only the following serial keys are for those who cannot afford Windows 7 at all. All the keys shared in this article are legit and genuine and they are properly working with all Windows 7 32 and 64-bit versions. IDM Serial Number Free Download IDM Serial Key - iTechGyan. Free Windows 7 Product Key for Windows 7 32/64. Windows Versions (Version Numbers Builds for Windows). SOLVED This Copy of Windows Is Not Genuine 7600/7601 Windows 7 Home and Pro product key is a 25-digit license code laid out in a 5 block format that is used for software activation. This code looks like below with real digits instead of X. Windows 7 Product Key: XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX. The activation keys you find in this article are completely free and they are ‘shared’ digital. How to Look Up a Serial Number Techwalla. Windows 7 is a user-friendly operating system, which is why many people prefer it over other versions of Windows. Hopefully, these keys will help you activate your copy of Windows 7 Professional. How to activate Windows 7 Professional using a product key. There are two ways to activate your copy of Windows 7 Professional using a product. List of all Windows OS Version Numbers – msigeek. Logging on today received initial message of serial number not found then in bottom right hand corner of desktop another message Windows 7 Build 7601 This copy of Windows is not genuine Desktop background has now gone black. Never had this happen in the past - Microsoft attempt to validate failed - any help on how to resolve much appreciated. This article provides latest working Windows 7 product key for 32bit and 64 bit PCs. If you are looking to get free windows 7 serial keys, you are in the right place. We will be talking about all that concerns updated and genuine windows keys here alongside very often asked questions relating to these keys and the windows. Windows 7 Numero 7600 Serial Number ☆ https://tinurll.com/1j4x02. You can also look for refurbished PCs that often ship with Windows 7. That way, you won’t need to hunt for a Windows 7 Ultimate product key or Windows 7 serial number. Downgrade to Windows 7. Another option to get Windows 7 on your PC is to get a PC with Windows 8, Windows 8.1, or Windows 10, and then downgrade it to Windows. Windows 7 Professional serial Key 2021. MKD6B-HV23H-TED22-WXG3P-TRVJM. GMJQF-JC7VC-76HMH-M4RKY-V4HX6. HYF8J-CVRMY-CM74G-RPHKF-PW487. 237XB-GDJ7B-MV8MH-98QJM-24367. You copy and paste these keys: Note: If you use Windows 7 Professional or Enterprise you can activate it without product key. To know more you read this article: https://aniqlo.com. Speccy will not show the product key number for Windows 7 Enterprise though. 1. Download, install, and run the free Speccy program. 2. In the left pane, click on Operating System. In the right pane, you will see the product key number to the right of Serial Number.

Windows 7 Numero 7600 Serial Number gochenlehamp

A serial number is a unique product identifier that enables a manufacturer to recall information about the individual item. Hardware companies embed A serial number is a unique product identifier that enables a manufacturer to recall inform. Windows 7 Ultimate Product Key 64-Bit Free Download. If you install pirated Windows 7 OS build 7600/7601, it will run only for some months. The maximum allowed the number of rearms has been exceeded” after.

Serial Number Definition & Meaning Webopedia.

Serial de Oro Windows 7 o Clave de producto Windows.

How to Find a Chevy Serial Number.

SP1 for Windows 7 and for Windows Server 2008 R2 is a recommended collection of updates and improvements to Windows that are combined into a single installable update. Windows 7 SP1 can help make your computer safer and more reliable. Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 provides a comprehensive set of innovations for enterprise-class virtualization. Windows 7 Professional Product Key and Activation Guide. Solution Mode test windows 7 numéro 7601 - YouTube. Windows 7 RTM is 7600. Windows 7 SP1 is 7601. Windows 7 SP2 is 7602 (there will be a SP2.I will bet everything I own to my name there will be) Windows XP RTM is 2600. Windows XP SP3 is 2600.5512. Serial numbers are the unique string of numbers and/or letters that are stamped on goods of value. They have several purposes, one which makes your item identifiable to the manufacturer in case of defects or warranties, while The serial number for Nero is available. This release was created for you, eager to use Nero 7 full and without limitations. Our intentions are not to harm Nero software company but to give the possibility to those who can not pay for any piece of software out there. Seriales de oro Windows 7 Ultimate x64 y x86. Ahora vemos los nombres de este Serial de oro original de Windows 7, como dijimos es una imagen ISO que circula por los sitios de internet o paginas de descarga de torrent y se llama asi: « 6801 0 080913 2030 Client en-us ULTIMATE ULTIMATE GB1CFRE EN DVD.iso» para Windows Windows 7numero 7601 cette copie de windows n est pas authentique que dois je faire? je n ai pas le cd d installation est mon etiquette au dos de mon pc est illisible pour la clé. mon pc c est un presarioCQ61-407 EF dois-je remettre une nouvelle version de windows 7 ?ma version c est editition familiale prenium.si je dois mettre une version. The Best Serial Number Databases. Windows 7numero 7601 cette copie de windows Master of Computer Applications. May 21, 2013 ·. Windows 7 Ultimate Serial Numbers, Windows-7 32-bit Serial Key Free, Windows 7 Genuine. Email This. BlogThis! Share to Twitter. Share to Facebook. 7YWX9-W3C2V-D46GW-P722P-9CP4D. MM7DF-G8XWM-J2VRG-4M3C4-GR27X. Windows 7 SP1 Language Packs (Original MUI Download) Build number - Windows 7 Help Forums. 4.5 out of 5 stars. (338) 338 product ratings - Windows 7 Pro Professional SP1 X64 Bit DVD and Product Key Laptop. $29.99. Free shipping. The serial number for windows-7 is available This release was created for you, eager to use windows-7 Enterprise build 7600 product key full and without limitations. Our intentions are not to harm windows-7 software company but to give the possibility to those who can not pay for any piece of software out there. Windows 7 Ultimate 32 Bit Build 7601 Serial Numbers. Convert Windows 7 Ultimate 32 Bit Build 7601 trail version to full software. The latest working serial keys to activate Windows 7 Ultimate SP1. Activate both 32 bit and Ultimate 64 bit versions, All languages. Windows 7 Ultimate Product Key Online Activation is 100% Genuine. Serial windows 7 Ultimate. Windows 7 Ultimate N OEM s/n: HTJK6-DXX8T-TVCR6-KDG67-97J8Q Windows 7 Ultimate E OEM s/n: TWMF7-M387V-XKW4Y-PVQQD-RK7C8 Serial Windows 7 Ultimate 32 e 64bits 2012 D4F6K-QK3RD-TMVMJ-BBMRX-3MBMV Product key: 342DG-6YJR8-X92GV-V7DCV-P4K27 - Default Product key: D4F6K-QK3RD-TMVMJ-BBMRX-3MBMV BCGX7-P3XWP-PPPCV-Q2H7C-FCGFR. Go to the Windows 7 Service Pack 1 download page on the Microsoft website. Select Install Instructions to see which packages are available for download, and make note of the one that you need. Select the appropriate language from the drop-down list, and then select Download. Select the packages you need to install, select Next, and then follow. By click here. Step 2: You onpen this windows 7 edition integrale activation key startimes. KeyGen is a shortened word for Key Generator. 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Windows 10

Personal computer operating system by Microsoft released in 2015

This article is about the operating system for personal computers. For the related (now discontinued) operating system for mobile devices, see Windows 10 Mobile.

Not to be confused with Windows 1.0.

Windows 10 Logo.svg
Windows 10 Home Version 21H1 Desktop.png

Screenshot of Windows 10 version 21H1, showing the Start Menu and Action Center in light theme

DeveloperMicrosoft
Written in
OS familyMicrosoft Windows
Source model
Released to
manufacturing
July 15, 2015; 6 years ago (2015-07-15)
General
availability
July 29, 2015; 6 years ago (2015-07-29)
Latest release21H2 (10.0.19044.1387) (November 22, 2021; 1 day ago (2021-11-22)[5]) [±]
Latest preview10.0.19044.1387 (November 22, 2021; 1 day ago (2021-11-22)[6][7]) [±]
Marketing targetPersonal computing
Available in110 languages[8][9] (Specific language packs included on the device depend on the mobile operator (for cellular connected devices) or device manufacturer. Additional language packs are available for download on the Microsoft Store, pursuant to manufacturer and carrier support.)

List of languages

Update method
PlatformsIA-32, x86-64, ARMv7,[10][11]ARM64[12][13][14]
Kernel typeHybrid (Windows NT kernel)
UserlandNative API
Windows API
.NET Framework
Universal Windows Platform
Windows Subsystem for Linux
NTVDM (IA-32 only)
Default
user interface
Windows shell (graphical)
LicenseTrialware,[15]Microsoft Software Assurance, MSDN subscription, Microsoft Imagine
Preceded byWindows 8.1 (2013)
Succeeded byWindows 11 (2021)
Official websitewww.microsoft.com/en-us/software-download/windows10
All editions except "Enterprise LTSB/LTSC" are supported until October 14, 2025 as long as they install the latest feature upgrades.[16][17] The Enterprise LTSB/LTSC editions are supported for 10 years after their release date. See § Support lifecycle for details.

Windows 10 is a major release of the Windows NToperating system developed by Microsoft. It is the successor to Windows 8.1, which was released nearly two years earlier, and itself was released to manufacturing on July 15, 2015, and broadly released for the general public on July 29, 2015.[18] Windows 10 was made available for download via MSDN and TechNet, as a free upgrade for retail copies of Windows 8 and Windows 8.1 users via the Windows Store, and to Windows 7 users via Windows Update. Windows 10 receives new builds on an ongoing basis, which are available at no additional cost to users, in addition to additional test builds of Windows 10, which are available to Windows Insiders. Devices in enterprise environments can receive these updates at a slower pace, or use long-term support milestones that only receive critical updates, such as security patches, over their ten-year lifespan of extended support.[19][20]

Windows 10 received generally positive reviews upon its original release. Critics praised Microsoft's decision to provide the desktop-oriented interface in line with previous versions of Windows, contrasting the tablet-oriented approach of Windows 8, although Windows 10's touch-oriented user interface mode was criticized for containing regressions upon the touch-oriented interface of its predecessor. Critics also praised the improvements to Windows 10's bundled software over Windows 8.1, Xbox Live integration, as well as the functionality and capabilities of the Cortana personal assistant and the replacement of Internet Explorer with Microsoft Edge. However, media outlets have been critical of the changes to operating system behaviors, including mandatory update installation, privacy concerns over data collection performed by the OS for Microsoft and its partners, and adware-like tactics used to promote the operating system on its release.[21]

Microsoft initially aimed to have Windows 10 installed on over one billion devices within three years of its release;[19] that goal was ultimately reached almost five years after release on March 16, 2020.[22] By January 2018, Windows 10 surpassed Windows 7 as the most popular version of Windows worldwide.[23] As of June 2021[update], it is estimated that 79% of Windows PCs,[23] 58% of all PCs (the rest being older Windows versions and other operating systems such as macOS and Linux), and 24% of all devices (including mobile, tablet and console)[24] are running Windows 10. On June 24, 2021, Microsoft announced Windows 10's successor, Windows 11, which was released on October 5, 2021.[25]

Windows 10 is the final version of Windows which supports IA-32 and ARMv7-based processors (also known as 32-bit processors). Its successor, Windows 11, requires a 64-bit processor in any supported architecture (x86-64/AMD64 for x86 and ARMv8 for ARM).

Development[edit]

At the Microsoft Worldwide Partner Conference in 2011, Andrew Lees, the chief of Microsoft's mobile technologies, said that the company intended to have a single software ecosystem for PCs, phones, tablets, and other devices: "We won't have an ecosystem for PCs, and one for phones, and one for tablets‍—‌they'll all come together."[26][27]

In December 2013, technology writer Mary Jo Foley reported that Microsoft was working on an update to Windows 8 codenamed "Threshold", after a planet in its Halo franchise.[28] Similarly to "Blue" (which became Windows 8.1),[29] Foley described Threshold, not as a single operating system, but as a "wave of operating systems" across multiple Microsoft platforms and services, quoting Microsoft sources, scheduled for the second quarter of 2015. She also stated that one of the goals for Threshold was to create a unified application platform and development toolkit for Windows, Windows Phone and Xbox One (which all use a similar kernel based on Windows NT).[28][30]

At the Build Conference in April 2014, Microsoft's Terry Myerson unveiled an updated version of Windows 8.1 (build 9697) that added the ability to run Windows Store apps inside desktop windows and a more traditional Start menu in place of the Start screen seen in Windows 8. The new Start menu takes after Windows 7's design by using only a portion of the screen and including a Windows 7-style application listing in the first column. The second column displays Windows 8-style app tiles. Myerson said that these changes would occur in a future update, but did not elaborate.[31][32] Microsoft also unveiled the concept of a "universal Windows app", allowing Windows Store apps created for Windows 8.1 to be ported to Windows Phone 8.1 and Xbox One while sharing a common codebase, with an interface designed for different device form factors, and allowing user data and licenses for an app to be shared between multiple platforms. Windows Phone 8.1 would share nearly 90% of the common Windows Runtime APIs with Windows 8.1 on PCs.[31][33][34][35]

Screenshots of a Windows build purported to be Threshold were leaked in July 2014, showing the previously presented Start menu and windowed Windows Store apps,[36] followed by a further screenshot of a build identifying itself as "Windows Technical Preview", numbered 9834, in September 2014, showing a new virtual desktop system, a notification center, and a new File Explorer icon.[37]

Announcement[edit]

"Windows 9" redirects here. For the Windows versions produced from 1995 to 2000, see Windows 9x. For the Windows version following Windows 8, see Windows 8.1.

On September 30, 2014, Microsoft officially announced that Threshold would be unveiled during a media event as Windows 10. Myerson said that Windows 10 would be Microsoft's "most comprehensive platform ever", providing a single, unified platform for desktop and laptop computers, tablets, smartphones, and all-in-one devices.[38][39][40] He emphasized that Windows 10 would take steps towards restoring user interface mechanics from Windows 7 to improve the experience for users on non-touch devices, noting criticism of Windows 8's touch-oriented interface by keyboard and mouse users.[41][42] Despite these concessions, Myerson noted that the touch-optimized interface would evolve as well on 10.[43]

In regards to Microsoft naming the new operating system Windows 10 instead of Windows 9, Terry Myerson said that "based on the product that's coming, and just how different our approach will be overall, it wouldn't be right to call it Windows 9."[44] He also joked that they could not call it "Windows One" (alluding to several recent Microsoft products with a similar brand, such as OneDrive, OneNote, and the Xbox One) because Windows 1.0 already existed.[45] At a San Francisco conference in October 2014, Tony Prophet, Microsoft's Vice President of Windows Marketing, said that Windows 9 "came and went", and that Windows 10 would not be "an incremental step from Windows 8.1," but "a material step. We're trying to create one platform, one eco-system that unites as many of the devices from the small embedded Internet of Things, through tablets, through phones, through PCs and, ultimately, into the Xbox."

Further details surrounding Windows 10's consumer-oriented features were presented during another media event held on January 21, 2015, entitled "Windows 10: The Next Chapter". The keynote featured the unveiling of Cortana integration within the operating system, new Xbox-oriented features, Windows 10 Mobile, an updated Office Mobile suite, Surface Hub‍—‌a large-screened Windows 10 device for enterprise collaboration based upon Perceptive Pixel technology,[47] along with HoloLens‑augmented reality eyewear and an associated platform for building apps that can render holograms through HoloLens.[48]

Additional developer-oriented details surrounding the "Universal Windows Platform" concept were revealed and discussed during Microsoft's Build developers' conference. Among them were the unveiling of "Islandwood", which provides a middlewaretoolchain for compiling Objective-C-based software (particularly iOS) to run as universal apps on Windows 10 and Windows 10 Mobile. A port of Candy Crush Saga made using the toolkit, which shared much of its code with the iOS version, was demonstrated, alongside the announcement that the King-developed game would be bundled with Windows 10 at launch.[49][50][51][52]

At the 2015 Ignite conference, Microsoft employee Jerry Nixon stated that Windows 10 would be the "last version of Windows", a statement that Microsoft confirmed was "reflective" of its view of the operating system being a "service" with new versions and updates to be released over time.[53][54][55] In 2021, however, Microsoft announced that Windows 10 would be succeeded on compatible hardware by Windows 11–and that Windows 10 support will end on October 14, 2025.[56][57]

Release and marketing[edit]

On June 1, 2015, Microsoft announced that Windows 10 would be released on July 29.[18] On July 20, 2015 Microsoft began "Upgrade Your World", an advertising campaign centering on Windows 10, with the premiere of television commercials in Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The commercials focused on the tagline "A more human way to do", emphasizing new features and technologies supported by Windows 10 that sought to provide a more "personal" experience to users.[58][59] The campaign culminated with launch events in thirteen cities on July 29, 2015, which celebrated "the unprecedented role our biggest fans played in the development of Windows 10".[60]

Features[edit]

Main article: Features new to Windows 10

See also: List of features removed in Windows 10

Windows 10 makes its user experience and functionality more consistent between different classes of device and addresses most of the shortcomings in the user interface that were introduced in Windows 8.[41][42][61]Windows 10 Mobile, the successor to Windows Phone 8.1, shared some user interface elements and apps with its PC counterpart.[62]

Windows 10 supports universal apps, an expansion of the Metro-style first introduced in Windows 8. Universal apps can be designed to run across multiple Microsoft product families with nearly identical code‍—‌including PCs, tablets, smartphones, embedded systems, Xbox One, Surface Hub and Mixed Reality. The Windows user interface was revised to handle transitions between a mouse-oriented interface and a touchscreen-optimized interface based on available input devices‍—‌particularly on 2-in-1 PCs, both interfaces include an updated Start menu which incorporates elements of Windows 7's traditional Start menu with the tiles of Windows 8. Windows 10 also introduced the Microsoft Edgeweb browser, a virtual desktop system, a window and desktop management feature called Task View, support for fingerprint and face recognition login, new security features for enterprise environments, and DirectX 12.

The Windows Runtime app ecosystem was revised into the Universal Windows Platform (UWP).[33][63][64] These universal apps are made to run across multiple platforms and device classes, including smartphones, tablets, Xbox One consoles, and other devices compatible with Windows 10. Windows apps share code across platforms, have responsive designs that adapt to the needs of the device and available inputs, can synchronize data between Windows 10 devices (including notifications, credentials, and allowing cross-platform multiplayer for games), and are distributed through the Microsoft Store (rebranded from Windows Store since September 2017).[65] Developers can allow "cross-buys", where purchased licenses for an app apply to all of the user's compatible devices, rather than only the one they purchased on (e.g., a user purchasing an app on PC is also entitled to use the smartphone version at no extra cost).[34][66][67]

The ARM version of Windows 10 allows running applications for x86 processors through 32-bit software emulation.[68]

On Windows 10, Microsoft Store serves as a unified storefront for apps, video content, and eBooks.[69] Windows 10 also allows web apps and desktop software (using either Win32 or .NET Framework) to be packaged for distribution on Microsoft Store. Desktop software distributed through Windows Store is packaged using the App-V system to allow sandboxing.[70][71]

User interface and desktop[edit]

The "Task View" display is a new feature to Windows 10, allowing the use of multiple workspaces.

A new iteration of the Start menu is used on the Windows 10 desktop, with a list of places and other options on the left side, and tiles representing applications on the right. The menu can be resized, and expanded into a full-screen display, which is the default option in Tablet mode.[41][61][72] A new virtual desktop system was added by a feature known as Task View, which displays all open windows and allows users to switch between them, or switch between multiple workspaces.[41][61] Universal apps, which previously could be used only in full screen mode, can now be used in self-contained windows similarly to other programs.[41][61] Program windows can now be snapped to quadrants of the screen by dragging them to the corner. When a window is snapped to one side of the screen, Task View appears and the user is prompted to choose a second window to fill the unused side of the screen (called "Snap Assist").[61] The Windows system icons were also changed.[72]

Charms have been removed; their functionality in universal apps is accessed from an App commands menu on their title bar.[41][61] In its place is Action Center, which displays notifications and settings toggles. It is accessed by clicking an icon in the notification area, or dragging from the right of the screen. Notifications can be synced between multiple devices.[62][72] The Settings app (formerly PC Settings) was refreshed and now includes more options that were previously exclusive to the desktop Control Panel.

Windows 10 is designed to adapt its user interface based on the type of device being used and available input methods. It offers two separate user interface modes: a user interface optimized for mouse and keyboard, and a "Tablet mode" designed for touchscreens. Users can toggle between these two modes at any time, and Windows can prompt or automatically switch when certain events occur, such as disabling Tablet mode on a tablet if a keyboard or mouse is plugged in, or when a 2-in-1 PC is switched to its laptop state. In Tablet mode, programs default to a maximized view, and the taskbar contains a back button and hides buttons for opened or pinned programs by default; Task View is used instead to switch between programs. The full screen Start menu is used in this mode, similarly to Windows 8, but scrolls vertically instead of horizontally.[42][75][76][77]

System security[edit]

Windows 10 incorporates multi-factor authentication technology based upon standards developed by the FIDO Alliance.[78] The operating system includes improved support for biometric authentication through the Windows Hello platform. Devices with supported cameras (requiring infrared illumination, such as Intel RealSense) allow users to log in with iris or face recognition, similarly to Kinect. Devices with supported readers allow users to log in through fingerprint recognition. Support was also added for palm-vein scanning through a partnership with Fujitsu in February 2018.[79] Credentials are stored locally and protected using asymmetric encryption.[80]

In 2017, researchers demonstrated that Windows Hello could be bypassed on fully-updated Windows 10 1703 with a color printout of a person's picture taken with an IR camera.[81] In 2021, researchers were again able to bypass the Windows Hello functionalities by using custom hardware disguised as a camera, which presented an IR photo of the owner's face.[82]

In addition to biometric authentication, Windows Hello supports authentication with a PIN. By default, Windows requires a PIN to consist of four digits, but can be configured to permit more complex PINs. However, a PIN is not a simpler password. While passwords are transmitted to domain controllers, PINs are not. They are tied to one device, and if compromised, only one device is affected. Backed by a Trusted Platform Module (TPM) chip, Windows uses PINs to create strong asymmetric key pairs. As such, the authentication token transmitted to the server is harder to crack. In addition, whereas weak passwords may be broken via rainbow tables, TPM causes the much-simpler Windows PINs to be resilient to brute-force attacks.[83]

When Windows 10 was first introduced, multi-factor authentication was provided by two components: Windows Hello and Passport (not to be confused with the Passport platform of 1998). Later, Passport was merged into Windows Hello.[84][80]

The enterprise edition of Windows 10 offers additional security features; administrators can set up policies for the automatic encryption of sensitive data, selectively block applications from accessing encrypted data, and enable Device Guard‍—‌a system which allows administrators to enforce a high-security environment by blocking the execution of software that is not digitally signed by a trusted vendor or Microsoft. Device Guard is designed to protect against zero-day exploits, and runs inside a hypervisor so that its operation remains separated from the operating system itself.[78][85]

Command line[edit]

The console windows based on Windows Console (for any console app, not just PowerShell and Windows Command Prompt) can now be resized without any restrictions, can be made to cover the full screen by pressing +, and can use standard keyboard shortcuts, such as those for cut, copy, and paste. Other features such as word wrap and transparency were also added. These functions can be disabled to revert to the legacy console if needed.[86]

The Anniversary Update added Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL), which allows the installation of a user space environment from a supported Linuxdistribution that runs natively on Windows. The subsystem translates Linux system calls to those of the Windows NT kernel (only claims full system call compatibility as of WSL 2, included in a later Windows update). The environment can execute the Bash shell and 64-bit command-line programs (WSL 2 also supports 32-bit Linux programs and graphics, assuming supporting software installed,[87] and GPUs support for other uses[88]). Windows applications cannot be executed from the Linux environment, and vice versa. Linux distributions for Windows Subsystem for Linux are obtained through Microsoft Store. The feature initially supported an Ubuntu-based environment; Microsoft announced in May 2017 that it would add Fedora and OpenSUSE environment options as well.[89][90][91][92][93][94][95]

Storage requirements[edit]

To reduce the storage footprint of the operating system, Windows 10 automatically compresses system files. The system can reduce the storage footprint of Windows by approximately 1.5 GB for 32-bit systems and 2.6 GB for 64-bit systems. The level of compression used is dependent on a performance assessment performed during installations or by OEMs, which tests how much compression can be used without harming operating system performance. Furthermore, the Refresh and Reset functions use runtime system files instead, making a separate recovery partition redundant, allowing patches and updates to remain installed following the operation, and further reducing the amount of space required for Windows 10 by up to 12 GB. These functions replace the WIMBoot mode introduced on Windows 8.1 Update, which allowed OEMs to configure low-capacity devices with flash-based storage to use Windows system files out of the compressed WIM image typically used for installation and recovery.[96][97][98] Windows 10 also includes a function in its Settings app that allows users to view a breakdown of how their device's storage capacity is being used by different types of files, and determine whether certain types of files are saved to internal storage or an SD card by default.[99]

Online services and functionality[edit]

Windows 10 introduces Microsoft Edge, a new default web browser. It initially featured a new standards-compliant rendering engine derived from Trident, and also includes annotation tools and integration with other Microsoft platforms present within Windows 10.[100][101][102] Internet Explorer 11 is maintained on Windows 10 for compatibility purposes, but is deprecated in favor of Edge and will no longer be actively developed.[103][104] In January 2020, the initial version of Edge was succeeded by a new iteration derived from the Chromium project and the Blink layout engine and the old Edge based on EdgeHTML is now called 'Microsoft Edge Legacy'.[105] The legacy version of Edge is currently being replaced by the new Chromium-based Edge via Windows Update, though this version can also be downloaded manually. Every Windows 10 version from 20H2, which was released on October 20, 2020, will come with the new version of the browser preinstalled.[106] The Windows 10 October 2020 update added a price comparison tool to the Edge browser.[107]

Windows 10 incorporates a universal search box located alongside the Start and Task View buttons, which can be hidden or condensed into a single button.[108][109] Previous versions featured Microsoft's intelligent personal assistant Cortana, which was first introduced with Windows Phone 8.1 in 2014, and supports both text and voice input. Many of its features are a direct carryover from Windows Phone, including integration with Bing, setting reminders, a Notebook feature for managing personal information, as well as searching for files, playing music, launching applications and setting reminders or sending emails.[110][111][72] Since the November 2019 update, Microsoft has begun to downplay Cortana as part of a repositioning of the product towards enterprise use, with the May 2020 update removing its Windows shell integration and consumer-oriented features.[112][113][108][114]

Microsoft Family Safety is replaced by Microsoft Family, a parental controls system that applies across Windows platforms and Microsoft online services. Users can create a designated family, and monitor and restrict the actions of users designated as children, such as access to websites, enforcing age ratings on Microsoft Store purchases, and other restrictions. The service can also send weekly e-mail reports to parents detailing a child's computer usage. Unlike previous versions of Windows, child accounts in a family must be associated with a Microsoft account‍—‌which allows these settings to apply across all Windows 10 devices that a particular child is using.[115][116]

Windows 10 also offers the Wi-Fi Sense feature originating from Windows Phone 8.1; users can optionally have their device automatically connect to suggested open hotspots, and share their home network's password with contacts (either via Skype, People, or Facebook) so they may automatically connect to the network on a Windows 10 device without needing to manually enter its password. Credentials are stored in an encrypted form on Microsoft servers and sent to the devices of the selected contacts. Passwords are not viewable by the guest user, and the guest user is not allowed to access other computers or devices on the network. Wi-Fi Sense is not usable on 802.1X-encrypted networks. Adding "_optout" at the end of the SSID will also block the corresponding network from being used for this feature.[117]

Universal calling and messaging apps for Windows 10 are built in as of the November 2015 update: Messaging, Skype Video, and Phone. These offer built-in alternatives to the Skype download and sync with Windows 10 Mobile.[118][119]

Multimedia and gaming[edit]

See also: List of Xbox Live Games on Windows 10

Windows 10 provides greater integration with the Xbox ecosystem. Xbox SmartGlass is succeeded by the Xbox Console Companion (formerly the Xbox app), which allows users to browse their game library (including both PC and Xbox console games), and Game DVR is also available using a keyboard shortcut, allowing users to save the last 30 seconds of gameplay as a video that can be shared to Xbox Live, OneDrive, or elsewhere.[120][121] Windows 10 also allows users to control and play games from an Xbox One console over a local network.[122] The Xbox Live SDK allows application developers to incorporate Xbox Live functionality into their apps, and future wireless Xbox One accessories, such as controllers, are supported on Windows with an adapter.[123] Microsoft also intends to allow cross-purchases and save synchronization between Xbox One and Windows 10 versions of games; Microsoft Studios games such as ReCore and Quantum Break are intended as being exclusive to Windows 10 and Xbox One.[124]

Candy Crush Saga and Microsoft Solitaire Collection are also automatically installed upon installation of Windows 10.[125][126]

Windows 10 adds native game recording and screenshot capture ability using the newly introduced Game Bar. Users can also have the OS continuously record gameplay in the background, which then allows the user to save the last few moments of gameplay to the storage device.[127]

Windows 10 adds FLAC and HEVC codecs and support for the Matroska media container, allowing these formats to be opened in Windows Media Player and other applications.[128][129][130]

DirectX 12[edit]

Windows 10 includes DirectX 12, alongside WDDM 2.0.[131][132] Unveiled March 2014 at GDC, DirectX 12 aims to provide "console-level efficiency" with "closer to the metal" access to hardware resources, and reduced CPU and graphics driver overhead.[133][134] Most of the performance improvements are achieved through low-level programming, which allow developers to use resources more efficiently and reduce single-threaded CPU bottlenecking caused by abstraction through higher level APIs.[135][136] DirectX 12 will also feature support for vendor agnostic multi-GPU setups.[137] WDDM 2.0 introduces a new virtual memory management and allocation system to reduce workload on the kernel-mode driver.[131][138]

Fonts[edit]

Main article: List of typefaces included with Microsoft Windows

Windows 10 adds three new default typefaces compared to Windows 8, but removes dozens of others. The removed typefaces are available in supplemental packs and may be added manually over a non-metered internet connection.

Editions and pricing[edit]

Main article: Windows 10 editions

Windows 10 is available in five main editions for personal computing devices; the Home and Pro editions of which are sold at retail in most countries, and as pre-loaded software on new computers. Home is aimed at home users, while Pro is aimed at power users and small businesses. Each edition of Windows 10 includes all of the capabilities and features of the edition below it, and add additional features oriented towards their market segments; for example, Pro adds additional networking and security features such as BitLocker, Device Guard, Windows Update for Business, and the ability to join a domain. Enterprise and Education, the other editions, contain additional features aimed towards business environments, and are only available through volume licensing.[139][140]

As part of Microsoft's unification strategies, Windows products that are based on Windows 10's common platform but meant for specialized platforms are marketed as editions of the operating system, rather than as separate product lines. An updated version of Microsoft's Windows Phone operating system for smartphones, and also tablets, was branded as Windows 10 Mobile.[141] Editions of Enterprise and Mobile will also be produced for embedded systems, along with Windows 10 IoT Core, which is designed specifically for use in small footprint, low-cost devices and Internet of Things (IoT) scenarios and is similar to Windows Embedded.[139][140]

On May 2, 2017, Microsoft unveiled Windows 10 S (referred to in leaks as Windows 10 Cloud), a feature-limited edition of Windows 10 which was designed primarily for devices in the education market (competing, in particular, with Chrome OS netbooks), such as the Surface Laptop that Microsoft also unveiled at this time. The OS restricts software installation to applications obtained from Microsoft Store; the device may be upgraded to Windows 10 Pro for a fee to enable unrestricted software installation. As a time-limited promotion, Microsoft stated that this upgrade would be free on the Surface Laptop until March 31, 2018.[142] Windows 10 S also contains a faster initial setup and login process, and allows devices to be provisioned using a USB drive with the Windows Intune for Education platform.[143][144][145][146][147] In March 2018, Microsoft announced that Windows 10 S would be deprecated because of market confusion and would be replaced by "S Mode", an OEM option wherein Windows defaults to only allowing applications to be installed from Microsoft Store, but does not require payment in order to disable these restrictions.[148][149]

Preview releases[edit]

See also: Windows Insider

A public beta program for Windows 10 known as the Windows Insider Program began with the first publicly available preview release on October 1, 2014. Insider preview builds are aimed towards enthusiasts and enterprise users for the testing and evaluation of updates and new features.[150] Users of the Windows Insider program receive occasional updates to newer preview builds of the operating system and will continue to be able to evaluate preview releases after general availability (GA) in July 2015‍—‌this is in contrast to previous Windows beta programs, where public preview builds were released less frequently and only during the months preceding GA.[41][43][151][152][153] Windows Insider builds continued being released after the release to manufacturing (RTM) of Windows 10.[154]

Public release[edit]

On July 29, 2015, Microsoft officially announced that Windows 10 would be released for retail purchase as a free upgrade from earlier versions of Windows. In comparison to previous Windows releases, which had a longer turnover between the release to manufacturing (RTM) and general release to allow for testing by vendors (and in some cases, the development of "upgrade kits" to prepare systems for installation of the new version), an HP executive explained that because it knew Microsoft targeted the operating system for a 2015 release, the company was able to optimize its then-current and upcoming products for Windows 10 in advance of its release, negating the need for such a milestone.[156][better source needed]

The general availability build of Windows 10, numbered 10240, was first released to Windows Insider channels for pre-launch testing on July 15, 2015, prior to its formal release.[157] Although a Microsoft official said there would be no specific RTM build of Windows 10, 10240 was described as an RTM build by media outlets because it was released to all Windows Insider members at once (rather than to users on the "Fast ring" first), it no longer carried pre-release branding and desktop watermark text, and its build number had mathematical connections to the number 10 in reference to the operating system's naming.[159][160][161][162][163][164] The Enterprise edition was released to volume licensing on August 1, 2015.[165]

Windows 10 is distributed digitally through the "Media Creation Tool", which is functionally identical to the Windows 8 online installer, and can also be used to generate an ISO image or USB install media.[166] In-place upgrades are supported from most editions of Windows 7 with Service Pack 1 and Windows 8.1 with Update 1, while users with Windows 8 must first upgrade to Windows 8.1. Changing between architectures (e.g., upgrading from 32-bit edition to a 64-bit editions) via in-place upgrades is not supported; a clean install is required.[167][168] In-place upgrades may be rolled back to the device's previous version of Windows, provided that 30 days have not passed since installation, and backup files were not removed using Disk Cleanup.

Windows 10 was available in 190 countries and 111 languages upon its launch, and as part of efforts to "re-engage" with users in China, Microsoft also announced that it would partner with Qihoo and Tencent to help promote and distribute Windows 10 in China, and that Chinese PC maker Lenovo would provide assistance at its service centers and retail outlets for helping users upgrade to Windows 10.[169][170][171] At retail, Windows 10 is priced similarly to editions of Windows 8.1, with U.S. prices set at $119 and $199 for Windows 10 Home and Pro respectively. A Windows 10 Pro Pack license allows upgrades from Windows 10 Home to Windows 10 Pro.[172][173] Retail copies only ship on USB flash drive media; however, system builder copies still ship as DVD-ROM media.[174] New devices shipping with Windows 10 were also released during the operating system's launch window.[175]

Windows RT devices cannot be upgraded to Windows 10.[168][176]

Free upgrade offer[edit]

Main article: Windows 10 editions § Free upgrade

During its first year of availability,[177] upgrade licenses for Windows 10 could be obtained at no charge for devices with a genuine license for an eligible edition of Windows 7 or 8.1.[173][178][179]

This offer did not apply to Enterprise editions, as customers under an active Software Assurance (SA) contract with upgrade rights are entitled to obtain Windows 10 Enterprise under their existing terms. All users running non-genuine copies of Windows, and those without an existing Windows 7 or 8 license, were ineligible for this promotion; although upgrades from a non-genuine version were possible, they result in a non-genuine copy of 10.[154][169][179][180][181]

On the general availability build of Windows 10 (version 1507), to activate and generate the "digital entitlement" for Windows 10, the operating system must have first been installed as an in-place upgrade. During the free upgrade, a file is created in the background and the system's motherboard details are registered with a Microsoft Product Activation server. Once installed, the operating system can be reinstalled on that particular system via normal means without a product key, and the system's license will automatically be detected via online activation - in essence, the Microsoft Product Activation Server will remember the system's motherboard and give it the green light for product re-activation.[167][182][183] Because of installation issues with Upgrade Only installs, the November Update (version 1511) included additional activation mechanisms. This build treated Windows 7 and Windows 8/8.1 product keys as Windows 10 product keys, meaning they could be entered during installation to activate the free license, without the need to upgrade first to "activate" the hardware with Microsoft's activation servers.[184] For major Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs), Windows 8/8.1 and Windows 10 OEM product keys are embedded in the firmware of the motherboard and if the correct edition of Windows 10 is present on the installation media, they are automatically inputted during installation. Since the release of the Fall Creators Update (version 1709), Microsoft decided to release multi-edition installation media, to alleviate installation and product activation issues users experienced because of accidentally installing the wrong edition of Windows 10.

The Windows Insider Preview version of Windows 10 automatically updated itself to the generally released version as part of the version progression and continues to be updated to new beta builds, as it had throughout the testing process. Microsoft explicitly stated that Windows Insider was not a valid upgrade path for those running a version of Windows that is ineligible for the upgrade offer; although, if it was not installed with a license carried over from an in-place upgrade to 10 Insider Preview from Windows 7 or 8, the Insider Preview does remain activated as long as the user does not exit the Windows Insider program.[154]

The offer was promoted and delivered via the "Get Windows 10" application (also known as GWX), which was automatically installed via Windows Update ahead of Windows 10's release, and activated on systems deemed eligible for the upgrade offer. Via a notification area icon, users could access an application that advertised Windows 10 and the free upgrade offer, check device compatibility, and "reserve" an automatic download of the operating system upon its release.[185][186] On July 28, a pre-download process began in which Windows 10 installation files were downloaded to some computers that had reserved it. Microsoft said that those who reserved Windows 10 would be able to install it through GWX in a phased rollout process. The operating system could alternatively be downloaded at any time using a separate "Media Creation Tool" setup program, that allows for the creation of DVD or USB installation media.[166][175][187][188]

In May 2016, Microsoft announced that the free upgrade offer would be extended to users of assistive technologies; however, Microsoft did not implement any means of certifying eligibility for this offer, which some outlets thereby promoted as being a loophole to fraudulently obtain a free Windows 10 upgrade. Microsoft said that the loophole is not intended to be used in this manner.[189][190][191] In November 2017, Microsoft announced that this program would end on December 31, 2017.[192]

However, another loophole was found that allowed Windows 7 and 8.1 users upgrade to Windows 10 using existing licenses, even though the free upgrade offers officially ended in 2017. No word from Microsoft was given whether it will be closed[193] and some outlets have continued to promote it as a free method of upgrading from the now-unsupported Windows 7.[194]

Licensing[edit]

During upgrades, Windows 10 licenses are not tied directly to a product key. Instead, the license status of the system's current installation of Windows is migrated, and a "Digital license" ( known as "Digital entitlement" in version 1511 or earlier) is generated during the activation process, which is bound to the hardware information collected during the process. If Windows 10 is reinstalled cleanly and there have not been any significant hardware changes since installation (such as a motherboard change), the online activation process will automatically recognize the system's digital entitlement if no product key is entered during installations. However, unique product keys are still distributed within retail copies of Windows 10. As with previous non-volume-licensed variants of Windows, significant hardware changes will invalidate the digital entitlement, and require Windows to be re-activated.[167][182]

Updates and support[edit]

Main article: Windows 10 version history

Unlike previous versions of Windows, Windows Update does not allow the selective installation of updates, and all updates (including patches, feature updates, and driver software) are downloaded and installed automatically. Users can only choose whether their system will reboot automatically to install updates when the system is inactive, or be notified to schedule a reboot.[195][196] If a wireless network is designated as "Metered"—a function which automatically reduces the operating system's background network activity to conserve limits on Internet usage—most updates are not downloaded until the device is connected to a non-metered network. Version 1703 allows wired (Ethernet) networks to be designated as metered, but Windows may still download certain updates while connected to a metered network.[197][198]

In version 2004, by installing the August 2020 security update and later versions, driver and non-security updates pushed via Windows Update that are considered optional are no longer automatically downloaded and installed in their devices. Users can access them on Settings > Update & Security > Windows Update > View optional update.[199]

Updates can cause compatibility or other problems; a Microsoft troubleshooter program allows bad updates to be uninstalled.[200][201]

Under the Windows end-user license agreement, users consent to the automatic installation of all updates, features and drivers provided by the service, and implicitly consent "without any additional notice" to the possibility of features being modified or removed.[202][203][204] The agreement also states, specifically for users of Windows 10 in Canada, that they may pause updates by disconnecting their device from the Internet.[205]

Windows Update can also use a peer to peer system for distributing updates; by default, users' bandwidth is used to distribute previously downloaded updates to other users, in combination with Microsoft servers. Users can instead choose to only use peer-to-peer updates within their local area network.[206]

Support lifecycle[edit]

Mainstream supportVaries by version[207][208]
Extended supportOctober 14, 2025 (2025-10-14)[207][208]
Home, Pro, Pro for Workstations, S, Education, Pro Education, Enterprise, IoT Enterprise, IoT Core, Team, Enterprise 2015 LTSB, and IoT Enterprise 2015 LTSB.[209]
Windows 10 Mobile, Mobile Enterprise, and IoT MobileUnsupported as of January 14, 2020[210]
Windows 10 Enterprise and IoT Enterprise 2016 LTSBMainstream support ended on October 12, 2021[208]
Extended support until October 13, 2026[208]
Windows 10 Enterprise, IoT Enterprise, and IoT Core 2019 LTSCMainstream support until January 9, 2024[208]
Extended support until January 9, 2029[208]
Windows 10 Enterprise 2021 LTSCSupported until January 12, 2027[208]
Windows 10 IoT Enterprise 2021 LTSCMainstream support until January 12, 2027[208]
Extended support until January 13, 2032[208]

The original release of Windows 10 receives mainstream support for five years after its original release, followed by five years of extended support, but this is subject to conditions. Microsoft's support lifecycle policy for the operating system notes that "Updates are cumulative, with each update built upon all of the updates that preceded it", that "a device needs to install the latest update to remain supported", and that a device's ability to receive future updates will depend on hardware compatibility, driver availability, and whether the device is within the OEM's "support period"‍—‌a new aspect not accounted for in lifecycle policies for previous versions.[211][179][212][213] This policy was first invoked in 2017 to block Intel Clover Trail devices from receiving the Creators Update, as Microsoft asserts that future updates "require additional hardware support to provide the best possible experience", and that Intel no longer provided support or drivers for the platform. Microsoft stated that these devices would no longer receive feature updates, but would still receive security updates through January 2023.[214] Microsoft will continue to support at least one standard Windows 10 semi-annual channel release until October 14, 2025.[16][17]

The following table collects current status of the aforementioned updating and support of different branches of Windows 10:

Update branchMicrosoft internal channels
(more detail here)
Alpha software
Windows Insider Preview Branch
(WIPB)
Beta software
Semi-Annual Channel
(formerly CB)
"End user"
Long-term Servicing channel
(formerly LTSB)
"Mission critical"
EditionHome  
Pro  
Education  
Enterprise Enterprise LTSC
Critical updates
Security patches and stability updates
Continuous Continuous as made available
(choice of Beta, Dev, or Release Preview channel)
Automatic User can defer updates indefinitely
Feature upgrades
Non-critical functionality and feature updates
Automatic or defer[219]Only through LTSC in-place upgrades
Feature upgrades cadence Continuous Continuous as released Continuous, deferrable for 12 months at a time; once a deferral period is past, no further deferrals possible until latest updates are installed LTSC releases are stable 'snapshots' of SAC
Upgrade support Continuous updating, features come and go silently with new builds Continuous updating or in-place upgrade to supported LTSC builds In-place upgrade support for the three most recent LTSC builds
Update support Only the latest build is supported 10 years (or until future builds require hardware support the old device doesn't have or ~4 months after a missed cumulative update made into SAC.)[211]10 years (or ~6 months from deferring build upgrade or until future builds require hardware support the old device doesn't have.) 5 years (for 2021 and newer, non IoT) or 5 years mainstream + 5 years extended (for 2019 and older, all IoT versions)
Update methods Windows UpdateWindows Update
Windows Update for Business
Windows Server Update Services

Feature updates[edit]

Windows 10 is often described by Microsoft as being a "service", as it receives regular "feature updates" that contain new features and other updates and fixes.[179][220][221][222] In April 2017, Microsoft stated that these updates would be released twice a year every March and September in the future.[223] Mainstream builds of Windows 10, until and including 2004, were labeled "YYMM", with "YY" representing the two-digit year and "MM" representing the month of release. For example, version 1809 was released in September (the ninth month) of 2018. This was changed with the 20H2 release where "MM" represents the half of the year in which the update was released, for example H1 for the first half and H2 for the second half.[224]

The pace at which feature updates are received by devices is dependent on which release channel is used. The default branch for all users of Windows 10 Home and Pro is "Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted)" (formerly "Current Branch", or "CB"),[222] which receives stable builds after they are publicly released by Microsoft. Each build of Windows 10 is supported for 18 months after its original release.[222] In enterprise environments, Microsoft officially intends that this branch is used for "targeted" deployments of newly-released stable versions so that they can be evaluated and tested on a limited number of devices before a wider deployment. Once a stable build is certified by Microsoft and its partners as being suitable for broad deployment, the build is then released on the "Semi-Annual Channel" (formerly "Current Branch for Business", or "CBB"), which is supported by the Pro and Enterprise editions of Windows 10.[222][196][225] Semi-Annual Channel receives stable builds on a four-month delay from their release on the Targeted channel,[222] Administrators can also use the "Windows Update for Business" system, as well as existing tools such as WSUS and System Center Configuration Manager, to organize structured deployments of feature updates across their networks.[222][196]

The Windows Insider branches receive unstable builds as they are released; it is divided into two channels, "Dev" (which receives new builds immediately after their release), and "Beta" (whose releases are slightly delayed from their "Dev" release).[222]

Enterprise licensees may use the Windows 10 Enterprise LTSC (formerly LTSB) edition, where "LTSC" stands for "long-term servicing channel", which only receive quality of life updates (i.e. security patches), and has a full, 5 or 10-year support lifecycle for each build.[222][225][218] This edition is designed for "special-purpose devices" that perform a fixed function (such as automated teller machines and medical equipment). For this reason, it excludes Cortana, Microsoft Store, and all bundled Universal Windows Platform apps (including but not limited to Microsoft Edge, hence these builds ship only with Internet Explorer as browser).[226][227][222][179][228][229] Microsoft director Stella Chernyak explained that "we have businesses [that] may have mission-critical environments where we respect the fact they want to test and stabilize the environment for a long time."[230] Four LTSC builds have been released, correlating with the 1507, 1607, 1809, and 21H2 versions of Windows 10, respectively.[231][232][233]

In July 2017, Microsoft announced changes in the terminology for Windows branches as part of its effort to unify the update cadence with that of Office 365 ProPlus and Windows Server 2016.[234][222] The branch system now defines two paces of upgrade deployment in enterprise environments, "targeted" initial deployment of a new version on selected systems immediately after its stable release for final testing, and "broad" deployment afterwards. Hence, "Current Branch" is now known as "Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted)", and "Current Branch for Business" for broad deployment is now referred to as "Semi-Annual Channel".[235][222]

In February 2019, Microsoft announced changes again in delivering updates in beginning of release of version 1903: a single SAC will be released and SAC-T will be retired, and users are no longer able to switch to different channels. Instead, these updates can be deferred from 30 to 90 days, or depending how the device was configured to deferred the updates.[236] In April 2019, it was announced that, in addition, feature updates will no longer be automatically pushed to users.[237] However after the release of version 2004, the update only pushed for those running a feature update version that is nearing end of service or it can be paused for up to 35 days.[238][239]

Feature updates prior to version 1909 are distributed solely as an in-place upgrade installation, requiring the download of a complete operating system package (approximately 3.5 GB in size for 64-bit systems). Unlike previous builds, version 1909 is designed primarily as an update rollup version of 1903, focusing primarily on minor feature additions and enhancements. For upgrades to 1909 from 1903, a new delivery method is used where its changes were delivered as part of the monthly cumulative update, but are left in a dormant state until the 1909 update "enablement" patch is installed. The full upgrade process is still used for those using builds prior to 1903.[240][241]

Features in development[edit]

In May 2017, Microsoft unveiled Fluent Design System (previously codenamed "Project Neon"), a revamp of Microsoft Design Language 2 that will include guidelines for the designs and interactions used within software designed for all Windows 10 devices and platforms. The new design language will include the more prominent use of motion, depth, and translucency effects. Microsoft stated that the implementation of this design language would be performed over time, and it had already started to implement elements of it in Creators Update and Fall Creators Update.[242]

On December 7, 2016, Microsoft announced that, as part of a partnership with Qualcomm, it planned to introduce support for running Win32 software on ARM architecture with a 32-bit x86 processor emulator, in 2017. Terry Myerson stated that this move would enable the production of Qualcomm Snapdragon-based Windows devices with cellular connectivity and improved power efficiency over Intel-compatible devices, and still capable of running the majority of existing Windows software (unlike the previous Windows RT, which was restricted to Windows Store apps). Microsoft is initially targeting this project towards laptops.[68] Microsoft launched the branding Always Connected PCs in December 2017 to market Windows 10 devices with cellular connectivity, which included two ARM-based 2-in-1 laptops from Asus and HP featuring the Snapdragon 835 system-on-chip, and the announcement of a partnership between AMD and Qualcomm to integrate its Snapdragon X16 gigabit LTE modem with AMD's Ryzen Mobile platform.[243][244]

In August 2019, Microsoft began testing changes to its handling of the user interface on convertible devices—downplaying the existing "Tablet Mode" option in favor of presenting the normal desktop with optimizations for touch when a keyboard is not present, such as increasing the space between taskbar buttons and displaying the virtual keyboard when text fields are selected.[245]

In April 2021, the ability to run Linux applications using a graphical user interface, such as Audacity, directly in Windows, was introduced as a preview.[246] This feature would later be included as part of the updated Windows Subsystem for Linux 2 for Windows 11 only.

System requirements[edit]

The basic hardware requirements to install Windows 10 were initially the same as those for Windows 8.1 and Windows 8, and only slightly higher than for Windows 7 and Windows Vista. As of the May 2019 update, the minimum disk space requirement has been increased to 32 GB. In addition, on new installations, Windows permanently reserves up to 7 GB of disk space in order to ensure proper installation of future feature updates.[248][249]

The 64-bit variants require a CPU that supports certain instructions.[250] Devices with low storage capacity must provide a USB flash drive or SD card with sufficient storage for temporary files during upgrades.[251]

Some pre-built devices may be described as "certified" by Microsoft. Certified tablets must include , , and keys; and keys are no longer required.[252]

As with Windows 8, all certified devices must ship with UEFI Secure Boot enabled by default. Unlike Windows 8, OEMs are no longer required to make Secure Boot settings user-configurable, meaning that devices may optionally be locked to run only Microsoft-signed operating systems.[253] A supported infrared-illuminated camera is required for Windows Hello face authentication, and a supported fingerprint reader is required for Windows Hello fingerprint authentication.[178] Device Guard requires a UEFI system with no third-party certificates loaded, and CPU virtualization extensions (including SLAT and IOMMU) enabled in firmware.

Beginning with Intel Kaby Lake and AMD Bristol Ridge, Windows 10 is the only version of Windows that Microsoft will officially support on newer CPU microarchitectures.[254][255] Terry Myerson stated that Microsoft did not want to make further investments in optimizing older versions of Windows and associated software for newer generations of processors.[256][257] These policies were criticized by the media, who especially noted that Microsoft was refusing to support newer hardware (particularly Intel's Skylake CPUs, which was also originally targeted by the new policy with a premature end of support that was ultimately retracted)[258][259] on Windows 8.1, a version of Windows that was still in mainstream support until January 2018.[260][261] In addition, an enthusiast-created modification was released that disabled the check and allowed Windows 8.1 and earlier to continue to work on the platform.[262]

Windows 10 version 1703 and later do not support Intel Clover Trail system-on-chips, per Microsoft's stated policy of only providing updates for devices during their OEM support period.[214][263]

Starting with Windows 10 version 2004, Microsoft will require new OEM devices to use 64-bit processors, and will therefore cease the distribution of x86 (32-bit) variants of Windows 10 via OEM channels. The 32-bit variants of Windows 10 will remain available via non-OEM channels, and Microsoft will continue to "[provide] feature and security updates on these devices".[264] This would later be followed by Windows 11 dropping 32-bit hardware support altogether, and thus making Windows 10 the final version of Windows to have a 32-bit version.[265]

Reception[edit]

Main article: Criticism of Windows 10

Critics characterized the initial release of Windows 10 as being rushed, citing the incomplete state of some of the operating system's bundled software, such as the Edge web browser, as well as the stability of the operating system itself on launch.[266][267][268] However, TechRadar felt that it could be "the new Windows 7", citing the operating system's more familiar user interface, improvements to bundled apps, performance improvements, a "rock solid" search system, and the Settings app being more full-featured than its equivalents on 8 and 8.1. The Edge browser was praised for its performance, although it was not in a feature-complete state at launch. While considering them a "great idea in principle", concerns were shown for Microsoft's focus on the universal app ecosystem:

It's by no means certain that developers are going to flock to Windows 10 from iOS and Android simply because they can convert their apps easily. It may well become a no-brainer for them, but at the moment a conscious decision is still required.[267]

Engadget was similarly positive, noting that the upgrade process was painless and that Windows 10's user interface had balanced aspects of Windows 8 with those of previous versions with a more mature aesthetic. Cortana's always-on voice detection was considered to be its "true strength", also citing its query capabilities and personalization features, but noting that it was not as pre-emptive as Google Now. Windows 10's stock applications were praised for being improved over their Windows 8 counterparts, and for supporting windowed modes. The Xbox app was also praised for its Xbox One streaming functionality, although recommending its use over a wired network because of inconsistent quality over Wi-Fi. In conclusion, it was argued that "Windows 10 delivers the most refined desktop experience ever from Microsoft, and yet it's so much more than that. It's also a decent tablet OS, and it's ready for a world filled with hybrid devices. And, barring another baffling screwup, it looks like a significant step forward for mobile. Heck, it makes the Xbox One a more useful machine."[269]

Ars Technica panned the new Tablet mode interface for removing the charms and app switching, making the Start button harder to use by requiring users to reach for the button on the bottom-left rather than at the center of the screen when swiping with a thumb, and for making application switching less instantaneous through the use of Task View. Microsoft Edge was praised for being "tremendously promising", and "a much better browser than Internet Explorer ever was", but criticized it for its lack of functionality on-launch. In conclusion, contrasting Windows 8 as being a "reliable" platform albeit consisting of unfinished concepts, Windows 10 was considered "the best Windows yet", and was praised for having a better overall concept in its ability to be "comfortable and effective" across a wide array of form factors, but that it was buggier than previous versions of Windows were on-launch.[266]ExtremeTech felt that Windows 10 restricted the choices of users, citing its more opaque setting menus, forcing users to give up bandwidth for the peer-to-peer distribution of updates, and for taking away user control of specific functions, such as updates, explaining that "it feels, once again, as if Microsoft has taken the seed of a good idea, like providing users with security updates automatically, and shoved the throttle to maximum."[270] Windows 10 has also received criticism because of deleting files without user permission after auto updates.[271]

Critics have noted that Windows 10 heavily emphasizes freemium services, and contains various advertising facilities. Some outlets have considered these to be a hidden "cost" of the free upgrade offer.[272][273][274] Examples of these have included microtransactions in bundled games such as Microsoft Solitaire Collection,[275][272][276][277] default settings that display promotions of "suggested" apps in the Start menu, "tips" on the lock screen that may contain advertising,[273][274] ads displayed in File Explorer for Office 365 subscriptions on Creators' Update,[274] and various advertising notifications displayed by default which promote Microsoft Edge when it is not set as the default web browser (including, in a September 2018 build, nag pop-ups displayed to interrupt the installation process of competitors).[278][279]

Market share and sales[edit]

See also: Usage share of operating systems § Crossover to smartphones having majority share

Windows PC market share (of Windows) statistics
Windows 10

81.43%
Windows 7

13.57%
Windows 8.1

3.17%
Windows 8

1.07%
Windows XP

0.53%
Windows Vista

0.21%
Other

0.02%
"Desktop Windows Version Market Share Worldwide" according to StatCounter for October 2021.[280] Note, StatCounter tracks Windows vs. macOS, Linux etc. separately, and this statistic is only thereof Windows share.

Up to August 2016, Windows 10 usage was increasing, with it then plateauing,[281] while eventually in 2018, it became more popular than Windows 7[282][283] (though Windows 7 was still more used in some countries in Asia and Africa in 2019). As of March 2020[update], the operating system is running on over a billion devices, reaching the goal set by Microsoft two years after the initial deadline.[22]

Twenty-four hours after it was released, Microsoft announced that over 14 million devices were running Windows 10.[284] On August 26, Microsoft said over 75 million devices were running Windows 10, in 192 countries, and on over 90,000 unique PC or tablet models.[285] According to Terry Myerson, there were over 110 million devices running Windows 10 as of October 6, 2015.[286] On January 4, 2016, Microsoft reported that Windows 10 had been activated on over 200 million devices since the operating system's launch in July 2015.[287][288]

According to StatCounter, Windows 10 overtook Windows 8.1 in December 2015.[289][290]Iceland was the first country where Windows 10 was ranked first (not only on the desktop, but across all platforms),[291] with several larger European countries following. For one week in late November 2016, Windows 10 overtook first rank from Windows 7 in the United States, before losing it again.[292] By February 2017, Windows 10 was losing market share to Windows 7.[293]

In mid-January 2018, Windows 10 had a slightly higher global market share than Windows 7,[282] with it noticeably more popular on weekends,[294] while popularity varies widely by region, e.g. Windows 10 was then still behind in Africa[295] and far ahead in some other regions e.g. Oceania.[296]

Update system changes[edit]

Windows 10 Home is permanently set to download all updates automatically, including cumulative updates, security patches, and drivers, and users cannot individually select updates to install or not.[297] Microsoft offers a diagnostic tool that can be used to hide updates and prevent them from being reinstalled, but only after they had been already installed, then uninstalled without rebooting the system.[298][299] Tom Warren of The Verge felt that, given web browsers such as Google Chrome had already adopted such an automatic update system, such a requirement would help to keep all Windows 10 devices secure, and felt that "if you're used to family members calling you for technical support because they've failed to upgrade to the latest Windows service pack or some malware disabled Windows Update then those days will hopefully be over."[300]

Concerns were raised that because of these changes, users would be unable to skip the automatic installation of updates that are faulty or cause issues with certain system configurations—although build upgrades will also be subject to public beta testing via Windows Insider program.[298][300] There were also concerns that the forced installation of driver updates through Windows Update, where they were previously designated as "optional", could cause conflicts with drivers that were installed independently of Windows Update. An example of such a situation occurred prior to the general release of the operating system, when an Nvidiagraphics card driver that was automatically pushed to Windows 10 users via Windows Update caused issues that prevented the use of certain functions, or prevented their system from booting at all.[298]

Criticism was also directed towards Microsoft's decision to no longer provide specific details on the contents of cumulative updates for Windows 10.[301] On February 9, 2016, Microsoft retracted this decision and began to provide release notes for cumulative updates on the Windows website.[302]

Some users reported that during the installation of the November upgrade, some applications (particularly utility programs such as CPU-Z and Speccy) were automatically uninstalled during the upgrade process, and some default programs were reset to Microsoft-specified defaults (such as Photos app, and Microsoft Edge for PDF viewing), both without warning.[303][304]

Further issues were discovered upon the launch of the Anniversary Update ("Redstone"), including a bug that caused some devices to freeze (but addressed by cumulative update KB3176938, released on August 31, 2016),[305][306] and that fundamental changes to how Windows handles webcams had caused many to stop working.[307]

In June 2017, a Redstone 3 Insider build (RS_EDGE_CASE in PC and rs_IoT on Mobile) was accidentally released to both Insider and non-Insider users on all Windows 10 devices, but the update was retracted, with Microsoft apologizing and releasing a note on their Windows Insider Program blog describing how to prevent the build from being installed on their device.[308] According to Dona Sarkar, this was due to "an inadvertent deployment to the engineering system that controls which builds/which rings to push out to insiders."[309]

A Gartner analyst felt that Windows 10 Pro was becoming increasingly inappropriate for use in enterprise environments because of support policy changes by Microsoft, including consumer-oriented upgrade lifecycle length, and only offering extended support for individual builds to Enterprise and Education editions of Windows 10.[310]

Critics have acknowledged that Microsoft's update and testing practices had been affecting the overall quality of Windows 10. In particular, it was pointed out that Microsoft's internal testing departments had been prominently affected by a major round of layoffs undertaken by the company in 2014. Microsoft relies primarily on user testing and bug reports via the Windows Insider program (which may not always be of sufficient quality to identify a bug), as well as correspondence with OEMs and other stakeholders. In the wake of the known folder redirection data loss bug in the version 1809, it was pointed out that bug reports describing the issue had been present on the Feedback Hub app for several months prior to the public release. Following the incident, Microsoft updated Feedback Hub so that users may specify the severity of a particular bug report. When announcing the resumption of 1809's rollout, Microsoft stated that it planned to be more transparent in its handling of update quality in the future, through a series of blog posts that will detail its testing process and the planned development of a "dashboard" that will indicate the rollout progress of future updates.[311][312][313][314][315]

Distribution practices[edit

Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_10

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Change motherboard hwid

Forum World Records. Sign In Sign Up. Results 1 to 9 of 9. I've done a bit of research, but i was wondering whats the best way to go about changing my HWID? I'm not too interested in doing a complete reformat of my computer, maybe installing a different OS on my computer might help?

If they did indeed ban your HWID, then you're pretty much stuck. Even reloading Windows wouldn't really be a guarantee of a new one. Also, as a general rule, more reputable forums like this one won't be too friendly to assisting you avoid a ban from some other place.

Originally Posted by Myk SilentShadow. If it doesn't move, pick it up. Macrium Reflect Originally Posted by exilegod. Last edited by fostert; at AM. Very sorry we don't condone this type of request.

Suggest you take it up with ABP.

change motherboard hwid

Why were you banned? If you were cheating, then we endorse their punishment. If they do decide to be merciful, I would suggest being on your best behavior and giving no arma 3 zeus insufficient resources the slightest hint of fishy business.

I am disturbed because I cannot break my system We have a support group on here, if your system will not break, please join!By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service. The dark mode beta is finally here.

Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. It works good in Windows 7 and Above. It Shows O. M to be filled or Returns Nothing. They then hash it through MD5 but it is depreciated now so best bet is do the same and hash it through Sha I reviewed the code of this project.

HWID are not recommended as a licencing system as it isn't accurate and not practical if the user changes computer or formats the drives etc. It is more recommended to use a certificate system or more complex authentification.

Modified code of Mederic : All digested in just one function Not tried yet but will work fine. Use it like below:. Learn more. Asked 2 years, 11 months ago. Active 1 month ago. Viewed 9k times. Please help me Thank You. Mohammad Zulfikar 1 1 gold badge 8 8 silver badges 26 26 bronze badges. What do you need it for? Is this for a licensing feature, or just a unique client ID? Does it need to be consistent across OS upgrades or wipes?

Does it need to be tamper-proof? Active Oldest Votes. Management Imports System. Cryptography Imports System. Length - 1 stringBuilder. Append hash i. Equals String. ToString mo. Replace ":", String. Get Return disk "VolumeSerialNumber". Mederic Mederic 1, 2 2 gold badges 10 10 silver badges 29 29 bronze badges. Tried Your Code Processor Id is common on some PC So it Failedfor mac address PC need Network adapterso it failedwhen i tried for getting motherboard serialnumberW hen installing Windows 10, the digital license associates itself with your device's hardware.

To activate Windows, you'll need either a digital license or a product key. To find out which you need, see "What activation method do I use, product key or digital license? Then, use the following info to help you successfully prepare for a hardware change and reactivate Windows Open Activation settings. If you're not activated, complete the activation process with the steps you see on the Activation page. For more info about product keys and digital licenses, see Activate Windows If you don't have a product key or digital license, you can purchase a Windows 10 digital license after installation finishes.

Follow these steps to make a purchase:. Go to Store. Skip to main content. Virtual Agent: Need help with activation? Get help now. Select Product Version. All Products. Prepare your Windows 10 device for a hardware change. First, follow these steps to find out if Windows 10 is already activated. Open Activation settings If you're not activated, complete the activation process with the steps you see on the Activation page.

Once you've confirmed that Windows 10 is activated, follow these steps: Show all. Link your Windows 10 digital license to your Microsoft account.Some multiplayer games that implement the PunkBuster anti cheat system get cheaters off the server using hardware bans. It used to ban the hard disk serial number but no longer does that since there are ways to spoof and temporarily change the so-called hardcoded serial number.

Other than that, some licensing system also uses the hard disk serial number to generate a unique hardware ID which is then used to generate an external license file to activate the software. Some people said that it is impossible to change it, but we will show you that there are ways to change both volume and hard coded serial numbers for your hard disk.

The second line shows your volume serial number for the system C partition. Type dir [driveletter:] and it will show a different serial number even if the volume is on the same physical hard drive. If your Windows has been activated using a product key from a sticker it will probably ask for the key again after a reboot and will need reactivating if you change the volume serial number on the system drive.

change motherboard hwid

There are a few free tools around capable of changing the volume serial number and one of them is called Hard Disk Serial Number Changer. It works on just about any Windows operating system from 98 onward and is a standalone portable executable but does need to be run as administrator on Vista and 7.

Usage is pretty straightforward and you simply choose your drive from the drop down box, enter the new serial number and click the Change button. You will then need to reboot to commit the changes. Another useful tool to change the volume serial number is by Sysinternals called VolumeID. You should shut down all your running applications before using this tool and will need to reboot immediately after the changes if they are being made on an NTFS partition.

Download Sysinternals VolumeID. These are hard coded into the hard drive itself and cannot simply be edited or altered using a piece of software.

There is also an option to set your own predefined serial number although we were unable to get that function to work during testing. Make sure to run PB DownForce as administrator. You can easily use the Stop Spoofing button and try another random number. Perform test will quickly tell what drive model name and serial has been given.

The image below shows a new serial after using PB DownForce to change a hard disk serial number in the PC Wizard hardware information tool. Do note that some tools such as Speccy will still show the original serial number for the drive because they gather their data in another way, HWInfo does something different again and will show the spoofed drive as another completely new hard drive in its list.

PB DownForce was tested and worked on Windows XP and Windows 7 bit although it still was quite random to which machines worked and which showed no change or produced an error.Joinsubscribers and get a daily digest of news, geek trivia, and our feature articles.

Microsoft has never actually wanted to explain exactly how the hardware-based Windows activation process works. Click that option and sign in with the Microsoft account you associated your license with. The free Windows 10 license works very differently from previous Windows licensing systems. These all required a product key. Even modern Windows 8 and 8. In this case, the product key would always serve to activate Windows. The free Windows 10 license Microsoft is providing to upgraders works differently.

Instead, when you perform an upgrade from within Windows 7 Service Pack 1 or Windows 8. To clean-install Windows 10 on a machine activated in this way, you have to continually skip all the product key prompts while installing it.

This automatic process only works if your PC has the same hardware it had when you upgraded to Windows Bear in mind that this will only work on the same PC.

6 Tools to Change or Spoof Hard Disk Hardware Serial Number and Volume ID

You might have purchased a Windows 7 license and built your own PC. Build a new PC a few years later and you can take that Windows 7 license with you as long as you remove it from the first machine.

Even if you upgraded from a retail copy of Windows 7, 8, or 8. This may feel a bit inconvenient. Retail licenses of Windows 10 you purchase can be moved between PCs in the same way. In the past, Microsoft told people to contact its support staff. This is no longer the officially encouraged way to reactivate Windows 10 after a hardware change now that the automatic troubleshooter is here. The Best Tech Newsletter Anywhere. Joinsubscribers and get a daily digest of news, comics, trivia, reviews, and more.

Windows Mac iPhone Android. Smarthome Office Security Linux. The Best Tech Newsletter Anywhere Joinsubscribers and get a daily digest of news, geek trivia, and our feature articles. Skip to content. How-To Geek is where you turn when you want experts to explain technology. Since we launched inour articles have been read more than 1 billion times. Want to know more?W hen installing Windows 10, the digital license associates itself with your device's hardware.

To activate Windows, you'll need either a digital license or a product key. To find out which you need, see "What activation method do I use, product key or digital license? Then, use the following info to help you successfully prepare for a hardware change and reactivate Windows Open Activation settings. If you're not activated, complete the activation process with the steps you see on the Activation page. For more info about product keys and digital licenses, see Activate Windows If you don't have a product key or digital license, you can purchase a Windows 10 digital license after installation finishes.

Follow these steps to make a purchase:. Go to Store. Skip to main content. Virtual Agent: Need help with activation?

change motherboard hwid

Get help now. Select Product Version. All Products. Prepare your Windows 10 device for a hardware change. First, follow these steps to find out if Windows 10 is already activated.

Open Activation settings If you're not activated, complete the activation process with the steps you see on the Activation page. Once you've confirmed that Windows 10 is activated, follow these steps: Show all. Link your Windows 10 digital license to your Microsoft account.

Confirm your Windows 10 edition. Get your product key. Reactivate Windows 10 after a hardware change. Show all. If you have a digital license, run the Activation troubleshooter. If you don't have a digital license, enter your product key. If you don't have a digital license or product key. Need more help? Last Updated: Jul Was this information helpful? Yes No. Tell us what we can do to improve the article Submit. Your feedback will help us improve the support experience.

Australia - English. Bosna i Hercegovina - Hrvatski. Canada - English.Some multiplayer games that implement the PunkBuster anti cheat system get cheaters off the server using hardware bans. It used to ban the hard disk serial number but no longer does that since there are ways to spoof and temporarily change the so-called hardcoded serial number.

Other than that, some licensing system also uses the hard disk serial number to generate a unique hardware ID which is then used to generate an external license file to activate the software. Some people said that it is impossible to change it, but we will show you that there are ways to change both volume and hard coded serial numbers for your hard disk.

The second line shows your volume serial number for the system C partition. Type dir [driveletter:] and it will show a different serial number even if the volume is on the same physical hard drive.

If your Windows has been activated using a product key from a sticker it will probably ask for the key again after a reboot and will need reactivating if you change the volume serial number on the system drive. There are a few free tools around capable of changing the volume serial number and one of them is called Hard Disk Serial Number Changer.

It works on just about any Windows operating system from 98 onward and is a standalone portable executable but does need to be run as administrator on Vista and 7.

Usage is pretty straightforward and you simply choose your drive from the drop down box, enter the new serial number and click the Change button. You will then need to reboot to commit the changes. Another useful tool to change the volume serial number is by Sysinternals called VolumeID. You should shut down all your running applications before using this tool and will need to reboot immediately after the changes if they are being made on an NTFS partition.

Can I change the Hardware ID of my computer?

Download Sysinternals VolumeID. These are hard coded into the hard drive itself and cannot simply be edited or altered using a piece of software.

What is a HWID ban?

There is also an option to set your own predefined serial number although we were unable to get that function to work during testing. Make sure to run PB DownForce as administrator. You can easily use the Stop Spoofing button and try another random number.

Perform test will quickly tell what drive model name and serial has been given. The image below shows a new serial after using PB DownForce to change a hard disk serial number in the PC Wizard hardware information tool. Do note that some tools such as Speccy will still show the original serial number for the drive because they gather their data in another way, HWInfo does something different again and will show the spoofed drive as another completely new hard drive in its list.

PB DownForce was tested and worked on Windows XP and Windows 7 bit although it still was quite random to which machines worked and which showed no change or produced an error. The spoofed serial will return to normal after a reboot. Download PB DownForce.

change motherboard hwid

Antivirus and security software obviously hates programs like these because they are essentially hacking tools. Chameleon appears to be dead. I guess none of these tools that are currently available work for newer operating systems, sadly.

About PB DownForce. Any help on this? Any other tool to spoof hdd serial on win 7 64? PB downforce is very useful for me but can you please tell me how to use my own serials and macs? I mean… what is the standard format? Thank you very much!

Utility to change the ID of the motherboard.

I was struggling to change the volume id but by the help of Hard Disk Serial Number Changer i was able to change it easily. Well, I have been searching for that for a long time. So detailed and you provided a good research you did yourself. MasterGenius thanks to you I think I could find a way to temporary fix the problem with the local ban in Counter Strike using Pbdownforce.


Источник: https://afi.bhada100mp.pw/change-motherboard-hwid.html

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