internet Radio/TV Player  - Activators Patch

Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help. This button displays the menu of Internet radio services. k RETURN. Download the user guide for your Set-top Box or DVR model below for detailed information on activation, features, dimensions, wiring and more. Download Digeus Online TV Player 2.7 + Crack Keygen PATCH. avoid searching for words like: crack, serial, keygen, activation, code, hack, cracked, etc.

Internet Radio/TV Player - Activators Patch -

Readon TV Movie Radio Player 7.6.0.0 Crack Full Channel List Latest Download 2021

Readon TV Movie Radio Player 7

Readon TV Movie Radio Player7.6.0.0 Crack allows you to listen to a radio, watch TV and radio broadcasts on the internet. All you need is a Windows PC and an Internet connection. There is no need for a PC TV card because the TV channels are streamed through your internet connection. This is probably the best and yet free internet TV and the radio you can get. Features: Thousands of TV and Radio channels. Latest movies! Live sports! A rich variety of TV channels including movies, kids, news, general TV, music videos, etc. A rich variety of Radio channels including pop, jazz, classical, etc. Able to record music from radio and MTV channels into MP3 files so that you can enjoy them on your favorite MP3 player. Record TV into various formats of video files. You can view recorded shows on your iPhone and Windows Mobile phone. Able to work as a video converter. Adult video search engines (thousands of videos). Flash games search engine (Thousands of games). Movie search engine (thousands of movies) Include ShoutCast, SopCast, TVU Player, and Youtube. Able to set a password to prevent viewing of objectionable contents. Automatic updating of channel lists. FREE! Much more!.

Readon TV Movie Radio Player 7.6.0.0 All Channel On the World

Readon TV Movie Radio Player 7

Readon TV Movie Radio Player is a smart application that streams internet TV channels and radio stations from around the world on your personal computer. This free-of-cost application lets you watch thousands of international TV, the latest movies, news & weather reports, and radio channels. It enables you to record music from radio or MTV channels into MP3 files, moreover, you can also record TV into various video formats. As part of parental control measures, it allows you to set its own shutdown time as well as set a password to restrict children from watching inappropriate content.

Furthermore, Readon TV Player supports the viewing of live television sports events such as NBA and European soccer games. The best part about the Readon TV Player is that it is completely compatible with other programs that provide live TV streams such as SopCast streams, ShoutCast content, and TVU TV channels.

Watch and listen to thousands of TV and radio channels all over the world. Record your favorite MTV and radio songs to MP3. Read Free Internet TV and Radio Online is a revolutionary new software that allows you to watch Live Satellite TV broadcasts directly on your computer. You can also record your favorite radio and MTV songs to MP3 audio files.

Features

  • Thousands of TV and radio channels from all around the world.
    Watch and download the latest movies (even those showing in the cinema now!)
    Live sports (NBA, European soccer, etc).
    A large variety of genres including movies, comedy, news, general TV, kids, music, pop,
  • Identification of the copyrighted work that you claim has been infringed;
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  • Your full address, phone number, and email address;
  • A statement by you that you have a good-faith belief that the disputed use is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or the law;
  • A statement by you, made under penalty of perjury, that the above information in your notice is accurate and that you are the owner of the copyright interest involved or are authorized to act on behalf of that owner;
  • Your electronic or physical signature.
  • The player starts in TV mode and lists the available TV channels in the right panel. You can easily switch to Radio mode or Live Sports, as well as search for specific channels. Also, Readon TV Movie Radio Player features quick filter menus for both Country and Genre, making it easier for you to find something you enjoy watching or listen to.
  • Readon TV Movie Radio Player allows you to record audio streams of provided radio stations and external URLs. Moreover, it is possible to only display newly added channels, use a search function, record audio from the PC, extract the contents of an audio CD or set up the computer to shut down at a specified hour.

Readon TV Movie Radio Player 7

Readon TV Movie Radio Player Serial Key: DVEFHS-RUFYGB-RFGCVR-RUYGUW WIUWR-FBVRVR-RUVBNC-EUHFRBR ESFGCV-EADGSXC-SFHC-ASFHXB SFHX-WRYSFG-WRYFGVB-RETDHG Readon TV Movie Radio Player License Key: DSBSDR-YRGBC-RUYGFNE-RYFUNC DBBBDR-RUHBET-UGYHNC-RFYRHU QEWRF-ESFG-QETRSG-RWYSHFXGBV WRYSFG-RWYSFH-WRSHFD-5WUTEDGH Readon TV Movie Radio Player 2021 Key: HBEJGR-RYGFN-TYUVBE-YRGFHJ VBNEYE-YGNUTT-HGJRIV-RGHIRR WERYF-RSYFH-SRYHFV-SRHDVB ARSGFV-SRYFHV-SRYHF-SRYHFD

How To Install?

  • First of all, disconnect the Internet before installation
  • Installwhatever crack version you are willing to install
  • Use crack/keygen/serial keys/ patch to activate
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TV Schedule

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ADAPT (Monthly)
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“What’s Good Wednesdays” – First Coast Connect with Melissa Ross (Weekly)
Get fresh, sparkling midweek updates and ramblings from Melissa Ross and First Coast Connect producer Heather Schatz every Wednesday afternoon.

JME – Jacksonville Music Experience (Occasionally)
Sign up to get updates and behind-the-scenes information about special programming on all JME music services on radio, TV and online, along with announcements of live performances at the WJCT Soundstage and special offerings for music fans in Northeast Florida.

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Sign up to receive the latest updates on WJCT Public Media events delivered right to your inbox. Remain in-the-know about live concerts at the WJCT Soundstage, virtual Listen & Learns, family events and so much more.

WJCT Public Media Highlights (Weekly)
Get an inside look at WJCT Public Media! Each Sunday you will receive an email featuring what programs are coming up, featured news stories and upcoming events.

Источник: https://www.wjct.org/jaxpbs/tv-schedule/

Ways to Listen

On Our Website

At the top of every page there is a blue player with a white play button. Click this to start listening to WHYY’s live stream.

Feel free to navigate to other pages on the website. Our player will continue to play while you browse. You can also listen to individual stories or podcasts on demand by clicking the blue “Play” button next to the headline.

On Our App

The WHYY-FM programming you love is now available via the freeWHYY app! Stream WHYY-FM, listen to on-demand audio, read the latest local news and more. Use the links above to download it from the App Store or Google Play.

On Other Apps

You can stream WHYY on partner services like Tunein or iTunes Radio.

In Your Car

Besides finding us on the radio dial at WHYY-FM 90.9 in Philadelphia (see below for New Jersey stations), you can use our app to stream WHYY via bluetooth, through CarPlay (CarPlay enabled car models only) or directly through a USB cable or car adapter.

New Jersey stations

  • WNJB-FM 89.3 Bridgeton, NJ
  • WNJM-FM 89.9 Manahawkin, NJ
  • WNJN-FM 89.7 Atlantic City, NJ
  • WNJZ-FM 90.3 Cape May Courthouse, NJ
  • WNJS-FM 88.1 Berlin, NJ

On Your Smart Home Device (i.e., Alexa or Google Home)

Your home smart speaker comes ready to play WHYY-FM. Just give it a command like: “Alexa, play NPR” or “Okay Google, Play WHYY.”

On-Demand

Check out our podcasts and hear your favorite WHYY shows on-demand. Our podcasts are available on Apple Podcasts (iOS), Stitcher, RadioPublic and Google Play Music.

WHYY Plus

Classical 24 draws from the heart of the Classical and Romantic repertoires.
Stream here or download the schedule here.

Источник: https://whyy.org/ways-to-stream/

DelFeo Radio/TV Player 1.0.4 Download

DelFeo Radio/TV Player 1.0.4 Description:

This program allows you to stream online radio and TV stations without having to run a bloated player, or having a internet browser window open, You have total control over your radio or TV stations allowing you to add or delete a station anytime you want.

It offers a nice and handly menu with access to the stations list in your local language. Use this software to listen or watch over 350 radio and TV stations online, whenever you want!

DelFeo Radio/TV Player security information

You cannot download any crack or serial number for DelFeo Radio/TV Player on this page. Every software that you are able to download on our site is legal. There is no crack, serial number, hack or activation key for DelFeo Radio/TV Player present here. Our collection also doesn't contain any keygens, because keygen programs are being used in illegal ways which we do not support. All software that you can find here is freely downloadable and legal.

DelFeo Radio/TV Player installation package is prepared to be downloaded from our fast download servers. It is checked for possible viruses and is proven to be 100% clean and safe. Various leading antiviruses have been used to test DelFeo Radio/TV Player, if it contains any viruses. No infections have been found and downloading DelFeo Radio/TV Player is completelly problem free because of that reason. Our experts on malware detection tested DelFeo Radio/TV Player with various spyware and malware detection programs, including fyxm.net custom malware and spyware detection, and absolutelly no malware or spyware was found in DelFeo Radio/TV Player.

All software that you can find on our servers, including DelFeo Radio/TV Player, is either freeware, shareware or open-source, some of the software packages are demo, trial or patch versions and if possible (public domain licence), we also host official full versions of software.

Because we want to be one of the fastest download sites on the web, we host all the software including DelFeo Radio/TV Player on our servers. You cannot find here any torrents or download links that would lead you to dangerous sites.

Fyxm.net does support free software, however we do not support warez or illegal downloads. Warez is harming producers of the software.

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Contour Stream Player

1 Year Term Agreement
Your Internet plan comes with a 1-year term agreement, allowing you fixed rates on your monthly services during that period. If you prefer month-to-month flexibility, you can remove the term agreement from your plan. If your Internet service is disconnected during the term, you may be charged an early termination fee and the regular rates for your remaining services are subject to change.

Internet Starter 25 - Discount
Offer expires 03/28/2022 and is available to new residential Cox Internet customers in select Cox service areas. Promotional period runs from first installation of Internet service, even if you change speeds. After promotional period, regular rates apply. Log in to your account or call us to learn about available discounted rates for different speed options. See www.cox.com for current regular rates. Advertised rate excludes taxes, surcharges, equipment, professional installation, usage-based charges (data overages, streaming subscriptions, etc.), and other fees or charges, which are subject to change. A credit check and/or deposit may be required. May not be combined with other offers or discounts. Advertised rate and taxes vary by service location. Other restrictions may apply.

Internet Starter 25
Requires a DOCSIS 3.0 or higher modem. Use of a Cox-approved cable modem is required. Accessing your service via wifi may result in reduced Internet speeds due to the type of equipment used, environmental and structural conditions in your home, the number of users and other contributing factors. Uninterrupted or error-free Internet service, or the speed of your service, is not guaranteed. Actual speeds vary. See www.cox.com/internetdisclosures for complete Cox Internet Disclosures. Other restrictions may apply. All Cox Internet plans include 1.25 TB (1,280 GB) per month of data usage. Additional Data Plans can be added for an additional monthly charge. Excess usage is $10 per additional 50 GB block, except for Unlimited Data Plan subscribers. Unused data does not roll over. For more details on data plans and data usage, see cox.com/dataspeedplans and cox.com/datausage. Cox cannot guarantee the intended results from the McAfee® services or that the McAfee® software will be error-free, free from interruptions or other failures. The McAfee® services and features are subject to change. McAfee® is a registered trademark of McAfee®, Inc.

Panoramic Wifi
Accessing your service via wifi may result in reduced Internet speeds due to the type of equipment used, environmental and structural conditions in your home, the number of users and other contributing factors. Uninterrupted or error-free Internet service, or the speed of your service, is not guaranteed. Actual speeds vary. See www.cox.com/internetdisclosures for Cox Internet Disclosures. One Elite Gamer connection is included with a Cox Panoramic Wifi subscription; up to 3 additional connections available for purchase. Advanced Security must be enabled in the Panoramic Wifi app. Panoramic Wifi Pods, sold separately, may be required for extended coverage. Panoramic Wifi Upgrade Commitment: Cox will push available software updates to your Panoramic Wifi gateway and every three years, you're eligible to swap for an upgraded device. If you already have our latest device for your internet plan, we’ll let you know when there’s a newer option available. Program subject to change.

Wireless 4K Contour Stream Player
Cannot be combined with Cox TV or Contour TV services. Contour Stream Player requires Internet Starter or higher and may require Panoramic Wifi with a Panoramic Gateway rental. Internet Starter is an additional service cost outside of the receiver rate. Contour Stream Player only allows the ability to access streaming apps, and On Demand content that can be purchased, rented, or subscribed to. Separate charges apply to streaming services and subscriptions required for Netflix, Prime Video, and other streaming services. Streaming usage counts toward Cox data plans. For more details on data plans and data usage, see cox.com/dataspeedplans and cox.com/datausage. Netflix streaming subject to the Netflix Terms of Use at www.netflix.com/TermsOfUse. Amazon, Prime Video and all related logos are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. Prime membership or Prime Video subscription required. YouTube and the YouTube Icon are trademarks of Google LLC. Peacock © 2020 Peacock TV LLC. Peacock and related marks are trademarks of Peacock LLC. All Rights Reserved. Activation required to access Peacock. Other restrictions apply.

Источник: https://www.cox.com/residential/tv/streaming-devices.html

Sirius Satellite Radio

Satellite radio service owned by Sirius XM

"SIRIUS" redirects here. For other uses, see Sirius (disambiguation).

Sirius Satellite Radio was a satellite radio (SDARS) and online radio service operating in North America, owned by Sirius XM Holdings.

Headquartered in New York City, with smaller studios in Los Angeles and Memphis, Sirius was officially launched on July 1, 2002. It now provides 69 streams (channels) of music and 65 streams of sports, news, and entertainment to its subscribers. Music streams on Sirius carry a wide variety internet Radio/TV Player - Activators Patch genres, broadcasting 24 hours daily, commercial-free, and uncensored. A subset of Sirius music channels is included as part of the Dish Networksatellite television service. Sirius channels are identified by Nielsen Audio with the label "SR" (e.g. "SR120", "SR9", "SR17").

Its business model is to provide pay-for-service radio, analogous to the business model for premium cable television. Music channels are presented without advertising, while its talk channels, such as Howard Stern's Howard 100 and Howard 101 and Jason Ellis' Faction talk 103, carry commercials. Because all channels are free from FCC content regulation, songs are played unedited for language; talk programs may also feature explicit content if they wish. Subscriptions are prepaid and range in price from US$14.99 monthly (US$9.99 for each additional receiver) to US$699.99 for lifetime (of the receiver equipment[1]). There is a US$15 activation fee for every radio activated. Sirius announced it had achieved its first positive cash flow quarter for the period ending December 2006.[2]

Sirius launched its radio service in four states on February 14, 2002, expanding service to the rest of the contiguous U.S. by July of that year. On October 16, 2006, Sirius announced that it would be launching Sirius Internet Radio, with 78 of its 135 channels being available worldwide on the internet to any of its subscribers with a valid user name and password.

On July 29, 2008, Sirius formally completed its merger with former competitor XM Satellite Radio. The combined company began operating under the name Sirius XM Satellite Radio.[3] On November 12, 2008, Sirius and XM began broadcasting with their new, combined channel lineups.[4] On January 13, 2011, Sirius Satellite Radio was dissolved as a separate entity and merged into Sirius XM Radio, Inc.[5]

Early days of Sirius[edit]

Sirius was founded by Martine Rothblatt, David Margolese and Robert Briskman.[6][7][8] In 1990, Martine Rothblatt founded Satellite CD MediaHuman YouTube Downloader 3.9.9.59 Crack License key Free, Inc. in Washington, DC.[6][9] The company was the first to petition the FCC to assign unused frequencies for satellite radio broadcast, which "provoked a furor among owners of both large and small [terrestrial] radio stations."[9] Rothblatt had previously helped create the PanAmSat international satellite television system,[10] and helped launch and served as CEO of the Geostar satellite navigation system.[6][11] In April 1992, she resigned as chairman and CEO of Sirius in order to start a medical research foundation, focused on finding a cure for her daughter's illness.[6] Former NASA engineer Robert Briskman, who designed the company's satellite technology, was then appointed Chairman and CEO.[12][13]

Six months later, in November 1992, Rogers Wireless co-founder David Margolese, who had provided financial backing for the venture, acquired control of the company and succeeded Briskman. Margolese renamed the company CD Radio, and spent the next five years lobbying the FCC to allow satellite radio to be deployed, and the Evaer Video Recorder for Skype Free Activate five years raising $1.6 billion, which was used to build and launch three satellites into elliptical orbit from Kazakhstan in July 2000.[13][14][15][16] The company successfully bid $83.3 million to purchase their satellite radio license.[17] In 1997, after Margolese had obtained regulatory clearance and "effectively created the industry," the FCC also sold a license to XM Satellite Radio, which followed Sirius's example.[18]

In November 1999, Marketing chief Ira Bahr convinced Margolese to again change the name of the company, this time to Sirius Satellite Radio, in order to avoid association with the soon-to-be-outdated CD technology.[7] It had secured installation deals with automakers including Chrysler, Ford and BMW.[16] Sirius launched the initial phase of its service in four cities, with the first receiver sold at Cowboy Maloney's in Jackson, MS [19] on February 14, 2002,[20] expanding to the rest of the contiguous United States on July 1, 2002.[21] In 2001 Margolese stepped down as CEO, remaining as chairman until November 2003, with Sirius issuing a statement thanking him "for his great vision, leadership and dedication in creating both Sirius and the satellite radio industry."[22]

The first confirmed music transmission from satellite to radio receiver for Sirius was September 1, 2000 in NYC at the current HQ of SiriusXM. Ten employees were present during the first music transmission. One being current Lawrence J. Simon Current VP Business and Ground Ops (Former B2B board member for NASCAR, Director of labs for Lockheed Martin and Grumman), Paul De Lia, Current Senior Advisor for BCG ( Former CTO for L3-Harris).

Joe Clayton, former CEO of Global Crossing, followed as CEO from November 2001 until November 2004. He remained chairman until July 2008.[23]Mel Karmazin, former president of Viacom, became CEO in November 2004 and remained in that position through the merger in December 2012.[24][25]

Merger with XM Satellite Radio and company restructuring[edit]

Further information: Sirius XM

On February 19, 2007, Sirius announced a merger deal with competitor XM Satellite Radio.[26] If the pending merger received government approval, which was required because of antitrust considerations, it would combine the two services into a single satellite radio network in the United States and would be named Sirius/XM Radio.[27]

On March 24, 2008, the U.S. Department of Justice approved the merger of Sirius and XM.[28] Approval from the FCC cleared on July 25, 2008.[29] Conditions of the merger included allowing any third-party company to make satellite radio devices; producing new radios that can receive both XM and Sirius channels within one year; allowing consumers to choose which channels they would like to have; freezing subscription rates for three years; setting aside 8% of its channels for noncommercial programmers; and paying $19.7 million in fines for past rule violations.[29]

Content[edit]

Channels[edit]

According to a Spring 2007 Arbitron report, the five channels most listened to on Sirius based on their Average Quarterly Hour (AQH) Share were Howard 100, Howard 101, The Highway (56), Sirius Hits 1, and Octane (37).[30]

Howard Stern[edit]

On October 6, 2004, Sirius announced that it had signed a five-year, US$100 million per year agreement with Howard Stern to move his radio show, The Howard Stern Show, to Sirius starting on January 9, 2006.[31][32] Stern said his move was forced by the stringent regulations of the FCC whose enforcement was intensified following the Super Bowl XXXVIII halftime show controversy. In the wake of the announcement of his pending departure, Stern complained that Infinity Broadcasting was making his departure more acrimonious than was necessary. The deal, which gave Sirius exclusive rights to Stern's radio show, also gave Stern the right to build three full-time programming channels. His audience had grown almost tenfold by the end of his second year on Sirius, from fewer than 700,000 subscribers to 6 million (see graph on the right). Stern now has two channels operating on Sirius, but still retains the right to a third.

Programming content[edit]

Sirius/XM's channels carried an array of programming that covered Music, News/Talk, Sports, and Entertainment. Sirius had deals with entertainers and personalities for broadcast streams. Besides Stern, Sirius had deals with Martha Stewart,[33]E Street Band member Steven Van Zandt,[34]Jimmy Buffett,[35] and Eminem[36] to executive-produce streams or channels on Sirius. Van Zandt created two stations for Sirius: the Underground Garage, dedicated to garage rock, and Outlaw Country with its focus on alternative country music.[34]

The majority of the company's programming was self-produced exclusively for Sirius. However, there were some shows—especially in the Talk genre—that were originally created for terrestrial radio, but then aired on conventional radio and on Sirius/XM simultaneously; one example was the Eternal Word Television Network.

Among the hosts with Sirius/XM shows were:

  • Sports figures such as Lance Armstrong, NBA Hall of Famer Bill Walton, sports show host Scott Ferrall, fantasy football experts John Hansen and Adam Caplan from FantasyGuru.com, skateboarder Tony Hawk, skateboarder/MTV personality Bam Margera, and skateboarder Jason Ellis.
  • Musicians such as Joan Jett, Keith Morris of Black Flag, the B-52's lead singer Fred Schneider, Marky Ramone of The Ramones, and New York Dolls singer David Johansen.
  • Veteran DJs including New York City DJ Bruce Morrow, freeform radio pioneer Vin Scelsa, Richard Blade, Joe Causi and Kid Leo.
  • Original MTV veejays Mark Goodman, Nina Blackwood, Alan Hunter and Martha Quinn.
  • Hip Hop superstars Eminem and 50 Cent, along with veterans such as Grandmaster Flash, Kool DJ Red Alert, Kurtis Blow, and DJ Premier.
  • Such popular dance music artists and DJs as Paul Oakenfold, Paul Van Dyk, Liquid Todd, Pete Tong, The Riddler and DJ Icey.
  • Political commentators including Bill Press, Andrew Wilkow, Mike Church, Rusty Humphries, Mike Malloy, Lynn Samuels, Glenn Beck, Michael Smerconish, and Sean Hannity.
  • Comedians and satirists including Harry Shearer, Duane Cahill, Mojo Nixon, and Jim Breuer.
  • Entertainment such as Cosmo and Maxim Radio featuring Covino and Rich.

Sports[edit]

Sirius also broadcast sports content. It had exclusive satellite radio broadcasting rights to all NFL, CFL and NBA games. In December 2005, Sirius announced a multi-year deal with the NBA.[37] The agreement also created a 24-hour NBA Radio Channel.[37] Sirius aired Full Court Press, an all-NBA show. On November 12, 2008, NBA games switched to XM and were replaced by Sporting News Radio. NHL games were shared with XM for the 2005–2006 season, and in 2007 Sirius/XM gained exclusive rights to NHL games. Sirius also had full NASCAR coverage, including a weekly show hosted by now-retired driver Tony Stewart. In 2009, Sirius/XM was the first to carry live coverage of the 24-hour road race from Le Mans.

Sirius/XM also had the rights to a number of major college sports teams, including teams in the Big East, Big Ten and Southeastern Conferences, as well as The University of Notre Dame. Beginning in 2005, Sirius also had exclusive radio rights to cover the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament. In August 2004, Sirius launched Sirius NFL Radio, a 24-hour radio stream for covering the NFL.

Sirius also had the only national Horse racing talk show, At the Races, hosted by noted racing handicapper, Steve Byk.

The Hardcore Poker Show, hosted by Rob Pizzo and Chris Tessaro, was the only syndicated poker talk show in North America.

Sirius also broadcast select Premier League matches. On September 27, 2006 Sirius announced a deal to add UEFA Champions League soccer to their lineup. Sirius had exclusive radio rights to broadcast the ESPN television feed of the Euro 2008 championships. Sirius also aired a soccer talk show called "The Football Show" with former Metrostars GM Charlie Stillitano and former International Italian star Giorgio Chinaglia. On Saturdays and Sundays during premier league season, Sirius aired Radio 606, a classic radio call-in show from the UK discussing all of the days top matches.

On September 15, 2008, Chris Russo launched his own show called Mad Dog Unleashed.

After the merger between Sirius and XM was completed, Major League Baseball games remained exclusive to XM Radio as a result of an arrangement dispute between MLB and Sirius XM, which prevented Sirius subscribers from listening to games.[citation needed] However, on August 19, 2013, Sirius XM reached an agreement with MLB allowing all customers with both Sirius and XM receivers to hear the games with a premium subscription.[38]

SiriusXM for Business[edit]

In August 2003, Sirius partnered with Clearwater, Florida-based Applied Media Technologies Corporation, a provider of telephone "on hold" messaging.[39] AMTC provides Sirius service in a package branded as Sirius Music for Business. For US$29.95 per month, AMTC provides all of Sirius' streams of commercial-free music, and pays all performance royalties to ASCAP, Broadcast Music Incorporated, and SESAC, so that business owners may legally play Sirius' music in their establishments.

Unlike the music services Muzak / DMX Music or Music Choice, the SiriusXM for Business service uses the same channels and SDARS delivery platform as the consumer Sirius service. The SDARS delivery platform, on the other hand, is more reliable than any of the other services in that it is not subject to satellite dish rain fade. The highly elliptical orbit of the Sirius satellite constellation can pose difficulties for the reliable delivery of the signal to stationary antennas in certain parts of the country. To eliminate this potential problem, Sirius launched a new geostationary satellite, FM-5, to improve service to non-mobile customers such as those of SiriusXM for Business.[40] The service can also be accessed online using Sirius' online streaming technology, allowing any business with a broadband Internet connection to overcome any potential reception issues. Additionally, Sirius applied for repeaters in Hawaii and Alaska and has already been granted authority for 20 repeaters covering the island of Puerto Rico by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC).

Sirius Backseat TV[edit]

In March 2007, Sirius announced the availability of its first video service called "Backseat TV". In August 2007, the company revealed details of the first receiver, the SVC1, was originally offered exclusively through Chrysler OEM factory units. The service includes streaming video from three "family" television channels: Nickelodeon, Disney Channel and Cartoon Network Mobile. There is a single screen (or a dual screen option in the Chrysler Town and Country and Dodge Grand Caravan) for back seat passengers to watch while front seat passengers have the option of simultaneously listening to any normal Sirius radio channel. The service is reported to cost an additional US$6.99 per month on top of the standard Sirius subscription price.[41][42] The MSRP of the factory installed units is US$470 and the aftermarket unit has an MSRP of US$299.99. Both were made available in the fourth quarter of 2007.[43] As of 1 January 2016 the service has been discontinued.

Other content[edit]

In June 2005, Sirius signed an agreement with BBC Radio 1 in the UK to rebroadcast the station to an American audience.[44] In August 2011, Sirius dropped BBC Radio 1,[45] but a week later they announced that the channel would return online.[46]

Sirius also had exclusive satellite radio rights to National Public Radio, carrying two separate streams. The Sirius NPR NOW programming didn't include the popular programs All Things Considered and Morning Edition.[47]

With the launch of Sirius Canada in December 2005, American listeners gained five Canadian-produced stations including CBC Radio One, CBC Radio Three and Iceberg Radio, and Première Plus, Énergie2, and Bande à part for French listeners. Iceberg Radio is programmed by Standard Broadcasting, which also provides a number of additional channels exclusive to Canada; the other four come from the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. After a delay and outcry from Canadian subscribers, Sirius Canada added Howard Stern's Channel 100 to their lineup in early 2006. Channel 101, Stern's other channel (featuring Bubba the Love Sponge, Scott Ferrall, and other personalities), were made available in late June 2006.

Talk radio content recently added onto Sirius Satellite Radio include the ABC News and Talk channel 143 (since having ceased operations), including live feeds of Sean Hannity and Larry Elder's syndicated radio shows, Patriot Talk channel 125 (which includes Michael Reagan's syndicated radio show) and Fox News Talk channel 145 (which includes syndicated radio hosts such as Alan Colmes and John Gibson).

On March 14, 2006, Sirius added Cosmo Radio, Playboy Radio, and returned the audio simulcast of the Fox News Channel TV feed, which was previously removed during a contract dispute. The service also added Fox's satellite talk radio channel, Fox News Talk.

In April 2003, Sirius launched Sirius OutQ, the first-ever 24/7 talk channel designed for the LGBT audience.[48] Personalities associated with the channel include Frank DeCaro, Michelangelo Signorile, Derek Hartley, and Romaine Patterson.

In addition to the audio programming, the Sirius broadcast stream also carries a Data Services channel that is utilized by capable receivers and graphical display hardware. Some of the data services offered are traffic speed and flow, marine weather, and fuel prices to name just a few. Examples of capable hardware are the Raymarine SR100 Satellite Weather receiver and the Alpine NVE-N872A Satellite Traffic Ready navigation system.

Exclusive channels[edit]

Technology[edit]

The Sirius signal is separated into three carriers, one each refx nexus 2.7.4 full + crack - Free Activators the two satellites, and the third for the terrestrial repeater network where available. Sirius receivers decode all three 4 MHz carrier signals at once to achieve signal diversity. This is in contrast to XM which uses six carriers and decodes three 2 MHz carriers to economize on receiver power consumption and complexity at the cost of channel-changing speed. There is an intentional four-second delay between the two satellite carrier signals. This enables the receiver to maintain a large buffer of the audio stream, which, along with forward error correction, helps keep the audio playing in the event that the signal is temporarily lost, such as when driving under an overpass or otherwise losing line-of-sight of any of the satellites or ground repeater stations.

A third, separate signal is uplinked to the AMC-6 Ku-band satellite and received by 36-inch (910 mm) satellite dishes for the ground repeater network. This third signal is broadcast on a third segment of the signal.

Signal architecture and early prototypes[edit]

The technology for Sirius Satellite Radio receivers as well as some of the uplink equipment, and the studio encoder, originated at Bell Labs in the late 1990s and subsequent years. The studio encoder was a result of Bell Labs' efforts in statistical multiplexing of perceptual audio coded signals, a cousin of the MP3 standards. The waveform design for the terrestrial and satellite signals, as well as the early prototype receivers, were implemented in an FPGA logic and tested in the field to verify the performance of the receivers. This work was contracted by Sirius to Lucent Technologies, at the time a spinoff of AT&T. Early prototypes were followed by a number of generations of ASIC custom designed chipsets, supplied at first by Agere Systems and later supplied by Agere Systems and their competitor STMicroelectronics.

Three signals from three different sources (satellite, satellite, and terrestrial) are therefore combined in the receiver as radio signals, (not as audio signals). The three signals need to be combined constructively (avoiding situations where bad signals pollute good signals) in the receiver before being decoded. Heavy error correction is applied to the signals. All three signals contain the same audio content on all the channels that the receiver can receive, with the exception of one audio program waveform being transmitted ahead of the other two by approximately four seconds. With this time skew, the signals, once realigned, need to see an 8-second obstruction of overpass fade in order to lose audio content. This increases the robustness of the signal delivery in most driving conditions.

In order to recover meaningful signal and error-free audio from a signal impaired by interference and fading, the receiver uses concatenated Reed-Solomon block coding and Forward Error Correction encoding and decoding (codec). This technique was proven in the early days of satellite modems in the late 1970s. Linkabit, then run by Irwin Jacobs prior to his involvement with Qualcomm, offered such a codec for rack mounting in satellite earth stations. The Sirius signal uses more robust error correction on control channels than on the audio content, trading off error correction and bandwidth differently for separate categories of bits in the signal waveform.

The terrestrial carrier is an OFDM QPSK signal, and cousin to WiMax and LTE, with the particular feature that more than one transmitter operates on the same frequency, forming a single frequency network. A number of transmitters can be placed around a city to create coverage that is less subject to fading than if a single transmitter were used. The satellite signal is QPSK. Both satellite and terrestrial signals have hierarchical modulation superposed on the original signal, a measure created to add bandwidth at a small expense in the satellite link budget for decoding the core audio content.

This architecture has worked remarkably well in avoiding drop out of audio signal when driving under highway overpasses, and when scintillating (very deep and frequent losses in signal strength caused by radio fading from trees) conditions exist. Since Sirius and XM separately entered the market with incompatible waveforms on the satellite, one would logically conclude that the merged company will eventually evolve the signal format again to take advantage of their size, but this is a speculative statement. The use of a satellite and terrestrial combined service has been adopted by the DVB-SH standard, and companies such as ICO communications who cooperated with Alcatel-Lucent on system design and field trials. ONDAS, a Madrid-based company, also adopted this pioneering system architecture.

Receiver technology[edit]

The receiver is designed to mitigate and retain signal quality in hostile signal conditions and the relatively weak signal levels from distant satellites. Because the satellites are not all geostationary they appear and disappear over the horizon. Terrestrial signals are present only in major cities to augment the satellite signals.

Approximately five chipset versions were built by Agere and approximately 4 versions were built by STMicroelectronics after the initial prototypes, although all of the early receivers included an Agere chipset known as Northstar. This platform enjoyed the highest volume of chipsets to date, representing the bulk of total production from 2002 to 2010. As of 2010, most of the chipsets are produced by STMicroelectronics.

At the heart of a Sirius receiver is a custom application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) chip called the Baseband Integrated Circuit currently the STA240, which is produced by STMicroelectronics. The chip contains embedded ARM7TDMI and ARM946E-S microprocessors synthesized from IP cores. Every baseband has a unique Electronic Serial Number (or Sirius ID). Another major section of a Sirius receiver is the tuner. The tuner is also a custom ASIC, the STA210. The tuner connects to the antenna, and receives the incoming satellite and terrestrial signals at 2.315 GHz and downconverts them to intermediate frequency signals at around 75 MHz. The strength of the signals is approximately −50dBm in clear-sky conditions. The IF signals are fed to the STA240, which are digitized, demodulated, error-corrected, de-interleaved, and decrypted using specialized circuits on the chip. The baseband processor utilizes a 16MB SDRAM memory to buffer four seconds of one of the satellite signals in order to bring it into time coincidence with the other for Maximal-ratio combining. On newer receivers with a "pause" feature, a dual-port PSRAM is employed to store up to 60 minutes of the selected channel. The baseband processor outputs digital audio over a Serial Peripheral Interface, which is fed to a D/A converter to produce the analog audio signal. The front-end of a Sirius receiver is called the head unit, required to display descriptive text (such as the category, channel, artist, and song name) and provide controls to the user. This is implemented by the third-party designers of Sirius-ready receivers, using a microprocessor of their choice.

Sirius offers car radios and home entertainment systems, as well as car and home kits for portable use. The Sirius receiver includes the antenna module and the receiver module. The antenna module picks up signals from the ground repeaters or the satellite, amplifies the signal and filters out any interference. The signal is then passed on to the receiver module. Inside the receiver module is a chipset consisting of eight chips. The chipset converts the signals from 2.3 gigahertz (GHz) to a lower intermediate frequency. Sirius also offers an adapter that allows conventional car radios to receive satellite signals.

Sirius broadcasts using 12.5 MHz of the S band between 2320 and 2332.5 MHz. Audio channels are digitally compressed using a proprietary variant of Lucent's Perceptual Audio Coder compression algorithm and encrypted with a proprietary conditional access system. Sirius has announced that they intend to implement hierarchical modulation technology to economize on bandwidth up to 25%.[49]

Each receiver must be connected to an external antenna, which is included with the receiver. Antenna placement is crucial to receiving a clear signal. In some locations users have experienced difficulty receiving the Sirius programming because the signal is not consistently strong. For the best reception, antennas should be placed such that they have an unobstructed view of the sky (preferably on rooftops without overhanging eaves or trees). If this is not an option, the antenna should be placed on an exterior wall. When placing on an exterior wall, the antenna should be mounted to a wall which faces the southern continental United States in order to minimize the likelihood of the building itself blocking the signal.[50][51]

Volkswagen's RNS-510 radio offers SiriusXM Radio with station logos as well as TravelLink.

Satellite technology[edit]

Sirius' satellites are named Radiosat because there is already a fleet of satellites named Sirius, launched by Sweden's NSAB (Nordiska Satellitaktiebolaget, or Nordic Satellite AB, and known today as SES Sirius) and used for general telecommunications and satellite television throughout Sweden and the rest of Scandinavia.

The current primary uplink facility for Sirius, which was formerly used as the uplink site for Western Union's Westar fleet of communication satellites from the early 1970s to the late 1980s, is located in Glenwood, New Jersey. The original facility was located on the roof of the building housing the Sirius studios in Rockefeller Center in New York City but has since been decommissioned.

Sirius' spacecraft Radiosat 1 through Radiosat 4 were manufactured by Space Systems/Loral. The first three of the series were orbited in 2000 by Gom player review - Crack Key For U K Block-DM3 launch vehicles, with the final three-satellite constellation completed on November 30, 2000. Radiosat 4, built as a ground spare for the now-decommissioned elliptical mission, was transferred to the Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum in October 2012.[52] It is on display at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center. The satellites are based on the Space Systems/Loral 1300 platform. Before the elliptical satellites were decommissioned, all three satellites broadcast directly to the consumer's receiver, but due to the highly elliptical orbit only two of them broadcast at any given time. Today the satellites are located in the southern sky in the United States.

Satellites Radiosat 1 through Radiosat 3, now decommissioned, fly in geosynchronous (not geostationary) Tundra orbits. Like the geostationary orbit, the tundra orbit has a period of 23 hours, 56 minutes (one sidereal day). Unlike the geostationary orbit, the tundra orbit is elliptical, not circular, and is inclined with respect to the equator rather than orbiting directly over it. The eccentric orbit ensures that each satellite spends about 16 hours of each day high over the continental United States. At least one satellite is always visible, with another often visible as well. The orbit's high inclination places apogee just west of Hudson Bay in Canada, providing a much higher elevation angle for most of the country than is possible from a geostationary orbit. This was intended to reduce blockage from tall buildings in urban areas, allowing a much smaller terrestrial repeater network than does sister network XM, which uses geostationary orbits. This system has since been decommissioned in favor of newer geostationary software with crack located at 96.0° and 116.15° that support both the Sirius and XM platforms.

On June 8, 2006, Space Systems/Loral announced that it was awarded a contract for the fifth Sirius spacecraft.[53] The new spacecraft features a nine-meter unfurlable reflector. The first four Sirius spacecraft used more traditional parabolic reflectors. The new satellite has been designed for geostationary orbit, unlike the other satellites in the constellation; the different orbit has the stated purpose of allowing for more consistent reception for fixed location users (many subscribers have reported having to regularly reposition their antennas for optimal reception). Radiosat 5 (FM-5) is in a geostationary orbit at 96.0° West. It was launched June 30, 2009, and announced to be in service as of September 9, 2009.[54]

On October 14, 2010, the XM-5 satellite was launched aboard an International Launch Services (ILS) Proton vehicle. It was placed into a geostationary orbit at 85.2° West to serve the eastern half of the United States. It is named XM-5 because it serves as an in-orbit spare that can replace both the Sirius Radiosat satellites and the XM satellites. The satellite was manufactured by Space Systems/Loral and was fully operational on December 3, 2010.[55]

On February 29, 2008, the launch service provider International Launch Services (ILS) announced a contract which includes a launch of the SIRIUS FM-6 satellite on a Proton Briz M launch vehicle.[56] The launch planned for March 6, 2012, was canceled due to concerns with a design defect in the solar panel deployment.[57] The Radiosat 6 (FM-6) satellite was launched on October 25, 2013, and was put in a geostationary orbit at 116.15° West which services the western half of the United States.[58]

Satellites[edit]

  • Sirius FM-1 (Radiosat 1). Launch occurred on 30 June 2000.
  • Sirius FM-2 (Radiosat 2). Launch occurred on 5 September 2000.
  • Sirius FM-3 (Radiosat 3). Launch occurred on 30 November 2000.
  • Sirius FM-4 (Radiosat 4). Ground spare, was not launched into orbit. Donated to Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum in October 2012.
  • Sirius FM-5 (Radiosat 5). Launch occurred 30 June 2009.
  • Sirius FM-6 (Radiosat 6). Launch occurred October 25, 2013.

Receivers[edit]

As of 2005[update], Sirius receivers were available for various new Audi, BMW, Chrysler, Dodge, Ford, Jaguar, Jeep, Land Rover, Lexus, Lincoln, Mazda, Mercedes-Benz, Mercury, MINI, Mitsubishi, Scion, Toyota (except Corolla), Porsche, Volkswagen, and Volvo vehicles, and the service plans on adding availability for portable use. Subaru offers Sirius on the Forester and Impreza. Starting in 2006, all Rolls-Royce vehicles sold in the United States came with a Sirius radio and lifetime subscription as standard equipment. Sirius had an exclusive contract for VW and Audi vehicles from 2007 through 2012, and with Kia Motors from 2008 through 2014, with an optional extension to 2017. Beginning in the 2007 model year, Bentley vehicles have had Sirius as an option, and it became standard equipment in several models beginning in 2008.[59]Porsche switched to XM Satellite Radio on their vehicles beginning with the 2007 model year. Currently, only Toyota (including its Lexus and Scion divisions) and Subaru offer both Sirius and XM contracts (however both companies usually equip vehicles with XM).

Sirius also makes several receivers for aftermarket installations such as the Sportster4, Starmate Replay, Sirius S50 with a built-in 1GB MP3 player, and the Sirius One. Radios from Sirius include:

  • Sportster 5 – plug and play radio with a color screen and one hour of storage
  • Sirius Stiletto 100 – the first portable Sirius radio that allows subscribers to listen to live Sirius programming. The Stiletto boasts a 2 gigabyte memory, which is roughly equivalent to 100 hours of recording time. The unit's batteries give the user approximately 30 hours of life. The unit also features Wi-Fi technology, which is used as a backup to stream music from the Internet when a clear signal internet Radio/TV Player - Activators Patch is not readily available from the built-in antenna. Sirius' partnerships with Napster and Yahoo Music provide additional content for Stiletto users.
  • Sirius Stiletto 10 -The "feature"-lite version to the Stiletto 100. The Stiletto 10 offers all that the Stiletto 100 offers but does not offer Wi-Fi, MP3/WMA playback and only offers 256 megabytes of storage space (about 10 hours of Sirius programming). The Stiletto 10 offers Artist and Song Seek – Not featured on the Stiletto 100 or Stiletto 2. This seek function watches for a driver's favorite artists and songs that he or she wants to hear and will let him or her know when they are playing on any other station.
  • Sirius Stiletto 2 – the newest portable Sirius radio. A slimmer, improved version of the Stilleto 100. Has a microSD slot behind the battery for storing MP3/WMA files and playlists (not Sirius content). Wi-Fi support expanded to handle WPA and WPA2 (non-Enterprise) with passcodes.
  • Sportster 3 was the first radio to use the new universal dock station.
  • Sirius S50 – the first portable Sirius radio – which is not a LIVE portable, it has to be plugged into a home or car dock where content can be downloaded for later listening. The RIAA through its efforts to amend the Audio Home Recording Act and its lawsuit against XM Radio has crippled the S50 as it tried to limit the number and quality of downloads available to consumers.[60]
  • Sirius Starmate ST1 (note: ST1C is the Canadian version)
  • Sirius Starmate Replay ST2
  • Sirius Sportster Exec. Docking Station Package
  • Sirius Sportster Radio with Boombox Package
  • Tivoli Sirius Table Radio
  • Kenwood H2EV Radio with Car and Home Kits
  • Clarion Calypso Sirius Radio with Car Kit
  • XACT XTR1 Radio with Car Kit
  • SiriusConnect for Pioneer SIR-PNR1 which can be modified to provide a Serial or USB Serial interface to control the radio.

On-line media streaming options[edit]

For an additional fee, Sirius subscribers are also able to access all of the proprietary music channels and most of the talk stations via streaming media through Sirius.com. A standard 64 kbit/s and "Premium" 128 kbit/s feed are available.

Alternatives to the browser-based player are available such as a Yahoo! Widget (designed to look like a miniature Sportster model receiver), and SIRIUS Internet Radio Player (based on Windows Media Player and available as a plug-in or standalone application). Both alternatives have gained popularity with streaming listeners, and offer artist and track name information updated in real time, which is an improvement from the online Sirius player.

Recently, SiriusXMStream has come available as a replacement to Usirius. It offers a server capability to stream Sirius and XM programming to game consoles and mobile phones as an alternative to the iPhone And Blackberry app.

NiceMac LLC, creator of the StarPlayr and StarLightXM product lines have created clients for Mac, PC, Windows Mobile and iPhone. The company recently merged with Jason Millard of Millard Software and released USirius StarPlayr, a Sirius XM iPhone client in 2009.

CatPig Studios Inc. has also released Radium for Mac, a general-purpose internet radio player that supports XM and Sirius. In early 2010, Rogue Amoeba software released Pulsar, a standalone Sirius-XM player for Mac OSX.

In addition to being available through Sirius.com, Howard Stern's website offers a Java application that streams the two Stern-themed channels. The site also states that Stern-specific video and audio clips would be made available at a later date.[61]

Apple iOS app[edit]

Sirius XM has developed a software application for use on the AppleiPhone, iPad and iPod Touch devices that allows its subscribers and users of those devices to listen to its programming. The application was released and available for download on the evening of June 17, 2009. The Sirius XM app is available at the iTunes App Store. Also integrated into the app is a "click to buy" function where if a user clicks any song title playing on Sirius XM they are given the option to be taken to the iTunes Music Store where they can purchase the track or album. Due to the terms of a new contract, the Howard Stern channels were added on Tuesday, December 21.

Android app[edit]

Sirius XM has developed a streaming app for the Android Smartphone platform. This app is available free of charge in the market, and requires an additional US$3.49/mo to subscribe to. The app features all of the content available on a standard Sirius receiver.

BlackBerry app[edit]

Sirius XM has also developed an application for use on certain 3G-enabled Rim BlackBerry smartphones. Much like its Apple counterpart, it features a restricted 120-channel lineup featuring most of the music channels and selected talk programming. As with the Apple app, some select programming, including MLB Play-by-Play, NFL Play-by-Play, SIRIUS NASCAR Radio are not available on the Blackberry. Shortly after signing a new contract, Howard Stern began promoting the mobile app, and his content was added to the mobile offerings.

Blackberry smartphones currently compatible with the Sirius app:

1 If OS version is above 5.0.239

In Canada[edit]

Main article: Sirius Canada

In November 2004, a partnership between Sirius, Standard Broadcasting and the Canadian Easeus data recovery wizard for pc Corporation filed an application with the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission to introduce Sirius in Canada. The application was approved on June 16, 2005. The decision was appealed to the Canadian federal cabinet by a number of broadcasting, labour, and arts and culture organizations, including the Friends of Canadian Broadcasting, CHUM Limited, and the National Campus and Community Radio Association. The groups objected to Sirius’ approach to and reduced levels of Canadian content and French-language programming, along with the exclusion of Canadian non-commercial broadcasting. After a lengthy debate, the cabinet rejected the appeals on September 9, 2005. Sirius Canada was officially launched December 1, 2005.

In 2006 it offered a lifetime plan to subscribers that for a $549 fee it would unlock the top tier channels for unlimited use on any Sirius device, including the Internet and phone. However, the company currently only offers at maximum, a three-year subscription.[62]

The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation has reported poor reception in northern Canada.[63]

In Puerto Rico[edit]

In September 2009, The Federal Communications Commission agreed to Sirius XM's request for a special temporary authority to operate 20 terrestrial repeaters for the satellite radio service in Puerto Rico.[64]

The commission did so over the objections of the Puerto Rico Radio Broadcasters Association (Asociación de Radiodifusores de Puerto Rico), who said the approval expands the Sirius XM reach outside its authorized coverage area and would allow Sirius XM to compete with terrestrial broadcasters for listeners.[64]

After receiving communications by public officials in opposition to the broadcasters, such as Puerto RicoSecretary of StateKenneth McClintock, in rejecting those arguments, the commission said Sirius XM's footprint already covers the island but the signal is weak and blocked by tall buildings and foliage. As for the impact on competition, the FCC said it has considered these arguments before and "declined to find that" satellite radio would harm local broadcasters.

The Sirius full terrestrial coverage is available in select sites in the cities of San Juan, Carolina, Bayamón, Cataño, Caguas and Ponce. In the rest of Puerto Rico, coverage is provided by Sirius' constellation of satellites.

Sirius Internet Radio[edit]

In October 2006, Sirius announced that it was launching a new service named Sirius Internet Radio (SIR) that offered approximately 75 of the 135 Sirius channels worldwide to people other than subscribers to its satellite radio service. Prior to this, Sirius subscribers who had a satellite radio were also able to access many of the Sirius channels via the Internet, using a special password, but the service operated at 32 kbit/s and was only available to those who purchased a satellite radio receiver. Sirius Internet Radio is an Internet-only subscription, allowing worldwide listeners to listen to the content without having to purchase a satellite radio receiver, the internet subscription can also be heard on Wi-Fi-enabled Internet radio for consumer and business purposes such as those designed by Grace Digital. The service also expands the number of channels that are available to Sirius Stiletto 100 users via Wi-Fi.

Liberty Media Corporation investment[edit]

As of February 11, 2009, Sirius XM had $3.25 billion in total debt and had until February 17, 2009, to repay $175 million in bonds held by EchoStar. EchoStar has been buying Sirius XM's debt since an unsuccessful December 2008 takeover bid. Shares of Sirius XM had been trading for less than $1 from September 10, 2008, until February 2010.[65] The company announced in early February 2009 that it may file for bankruptcy "as early as" Tuesday, February 17, 2009.[66]

On February 17, 2009, Sirius entered into an investment agreement with Liberty Media Corporation.[67] Sirius received $550 million to pay maturing debt in exchange for 40% of its convertible preferred stock.

Class action lawsuits[edit]

SirusXM has been involved in several high-profile class action lawsuits.

  • Hooker v. Sirius XM radio was settled with a PhpStorm 2018.2 Crack With License Key - Free Activators pool of US$35 million in response to claims that SiriusXM denies that the company used robocalling techniques targeting non-subscribers that had received calls from SiriusXM after leasing or buying a car.[68]
  • Blessing v. Sirius XM Class Action Suit – On August 25, 2011, the Court presiding over the lawsuit, Blessing v. Sirius XM Radio Inc., approved a class action settlement. A federal judge approved a US$180 million class action lawsuit settlement with SiriusXM Satellite Radio that accuses SiriusXM of breaking the law by raising subscription rates following its 2008 merger. The settlement provided a number of benefits to current and former SiriusXM subscribers, including one free month of service.[69]
  • Turtles v. Sirius XM – SiriusXM paid up to US$99 million to settle a class action lawsuit filed by The Turtles after the satellite radio company spent years broadcasting songs recorded before 1972 without compensating labels or artists.[70]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  62. ^"Current Canadian Plans from Sirius". August 6, 2015. Archived from the original on August 28, 2015. Retrieved 2015-08-06.
  63. ^"Poor Sirius radio signals plague Inuvik customers". CBC News. February 16, 2007. Retrieved 2007-02-21.
  64. ^ ab"FCC Okays Sirius XM Repeaters for Puerto Rico". Radio World. 2009-09-14. Retrieved 2019-08-30.
  65. ^Serena Saitto and James Callan (February 11, 2009). "DirecTV in talks with Sirius XM". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2009-02-13.
  66. ^"Sirius XM Radio press release". PR Newswire. February carlson survey software, 2009. Archived from the original on February 18, 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-14.
  67. ^Merced, Michael J. de la (2009-02-18). "Sirius XM Wins a Critical Loan From Liberty Media". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-11-16.
  68. ^"Hooker v Sirius XM Radio". Epiq Systems. November 30, 2016. Retrieved 2016-12-01.
  69. ^"Blessing v. Sirius XM Class Action Suit". SiriusXM. August 25, 2011. Retrieved 2016-12-01.
  70. ^"SiriusXM Settles Turtle's Case". Rolling Stone. November 29, 2016. Retrieved 2016-12-01.

External links[edit]

Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sirius_Satellite_Radio

Streaming media

Multimedia delivery method

"Streaming" redirects here. For other uses, see Stream (disambiguation).

Streaming media is multimedia that is delivered and consumed in a continuous manner from a source, with little or no intermediate storage in network elements. Streaming refers to the delivery method of content, rather than the content itself.

Distinguishing delivery method from the media applies specifically to telecommunications networks, as most of the traditional media delivery systems are either inherently streaming (e.g. radio, television) or inherently non-streaming (e.g. books, videotape, audio CDs). There are challenges with streaming content on the Internet. For example, users whose Internet connection lacks sufficient bandwidth may experience stops, lags, or slow buffering of the content. And users lacking compatible hardware or software systems may be unable to internet Radio/TV Player - Activators Patch certain content. With the use of buffering content just a few seconds in advance, the quality can get much better.

Livestreaming is the real-time delivery of content during production, much as live television broadcasts content via television channels. Livestreaming requires a form of source media (e.g. a video camera, an audio interface, screen capture software), an encoder to digitize the content, a media publisher, and a content delivery network to distribute and deliver the content.

Streaming is an alternative to file downloading, a process in which the end-user obtains the entire file for the content before watching or listening to it. Through streaming, an end-user can use their media player to start playing digital video or digital audio content before the entire file has been transmitted. The term "streaming media" can apply to media other than internet Radio/TV Player - Activators Patch and audio, such as live closed captioning, ticker tape, and real-time text, which are all considered "streaming text".

Streaming is most prevalent in video on demand and streaming television services. Other services stream music. Video game live streaming uses streaming for online gaming.

Etymology[edit]

The term "streaming" was first used for tape drives manufactured by Data Electronics Inc. that were meant to slowly ramp up and run for the entire track; slower ramp times lowered drive costs. "Streaming" was applied in the early 1990s as a better description for video on ActivePresenter Product key and later live video on IP networks. It was first done by Starlight Networks for video streaming and Real Networks for audio streaming. Such video had previously been referred to by the misnomer "store and forward video."[1]

Precursors[edit]

Beginning in 1881, Théâtrophone enabled subscribers to listen to opera and theatre performances over telephone lines. This operated until 1932. The concept of media streaming eventually came to America.[2]

In the early 1920s, George O. Squier was granted patents for a system for the transmission and distribution of signals over electrical lines,[3] which was the technical internet Radio/TV Player - Activators Patch for what later became Muzak, a technology streaming continuous music to commercial customers without the use of radio.

The Telephone Music Service, a live jukebox service, began in 1929 and continued until 1997.[4][5] The clientele eventually included 120 bars and restaurants in the Pittsburgh area. A tavern customer would deposit money in the jukebox, use a telephone on top of the jukebox, and ask the operator to play a song. The operator would find the record in the studio library of more than 100,000 records, put it on a turntable, and the music would be piped over the telephone line to play in the tavern. The music media began as 78s, 33s and 45s, played on the six turntables they monitored. CDs and tapes were incorporated in later years.

The business had a succession of owners, notably Bill Purse, his daughter Helen Reutzel, and finally, Dotti White. The revenue stream of each quarter was split 60% to the music service and 40% to the tavern owner.[6] This business model eventually became unsustainable due to city permits and the cost of setting up these telephone lines.[5]

History[edit]

Early development[edit]

See also: Timeline of online video

Attempts to display media on computers date back to the earliest days of computing in the mid-20th century. However, little progress was made for several decades, primarily due to the high cost and limited capabilities of computer hardware. From the late 1980s through the 1990s, consumer-grade personal computers became powerful enough to display various media. The primary technical issues related to streaming were having enough CPU and busbandwidth to support the required data rates, achieving real-time computing performance required to prevent buffer underrun and enable smooth streaming of the content. However, computer networks were still limited in the mid-1990s, and audio and video media were usually delivered over non-streaming channels, such as playback from a local hard disk drive or CD-ROMs on the end user's computer.

In 1990 the first commercial Ethernet switch was introduced by Kalpana, which enabled the more powerful computer networks that led to the first streaming video solutions used by schools and corporations.

Practical streaming media was only made possible with advances in data compression, due to the impractically high bandwidth requirements of uncompressed media. Raw digital audio encoded with pulse-code modulation (PCM) requires a bandwidth of 1.4 Mbit/s for uncompressed CD audio, while raw digital video requires a bandwidth of 168 Mbit/s for SD video and over 1000 Mbit/s for FHD video.[7]

A critical development that enabled practical streaming media is the discrete cosine transform (DCT).[8] The DCT algorithm formed the basis for the first practical video coding format, H.261, in 1988.[9] It was initially used for online video conferencing.[10] It was followed by more popular DCT-based video coding standards, most notably MPEG video formats from 1991 onwards.[8] The DCT algorithm was also adapted into the modified discrete cosine transform (MDCT), which is fundamental to the MP3 audio format introduced in 1994,[11] and Advanced Audio Coding (AAC) format introduced in 1999.[12]

Late 1990s to early 2000s[edit]

See also: Original net animation

During the late 1990s and early 2000s, users had increased access to computer networks, especially the Internet. During the early 2000s, users had access to increased network bandwidth, especially in the last mile. These technological improvements facilitated the streaming of audio and video content to computer users in their homes and workplaces. There was also an increasing use of standard protocols and formats, such as TCP/IP, HTTP, HTML as the Internet became increasingly commercialized, which led to an infusion of investment into the sector.

The band Severe Tire Damage was the first group to perform live on the Internet. On June 24, 1993, the band was playing a gig at Xerox PARC while elsewhere in the building, scientists were discussing new technology (the Mbone) for broadcasting on the Internet using multicasting. As proof of PARC's technology, the band's performance was broadcast and could be seen live in Australia and elsewhere. In a March 2017 interview, band member Russ Haines stated that the band had used approximately "half of the total bandwidth of the internet" to stream the performance, which was a 152 × 76 pixel video, updated eight to twelve times per second, with audio quality that was, "at best, a bad telephone connection."[13]

RealNetworks pioneered the broadcast of a baseball game between the New York Yankees and the Seattle Mariners over the Internet in 1995.[14] The first symphonic concert on the Internet—a collaboration between the Seattle Symphony and guest musicians Slash, Matt Cameron, and Barrett Martin—took place at the Paramount Theater in Seattle, Washington, on November 10, 1995.[15]

Business developments[edit]

The first commercial streaming product appeared in late 1992 and was named StarWorks.[16] StarWorks enabled on-demand MPEG-1 full-motion videos to be randomly accessed on corporate Ethernet networks. Starworks was from Starlight Networks, who also pioneered live video streaming on Ethernet and via Internet Protocol over satellites with Hughes Network Systems.[17] Other early companies that created streaming media technology include RealNetworks (originally known as Progressive Networks) and Protocomm both prior to widespread World Wide Web usage. Once the web became popular in the late 90s, streaming video on the internet blossomed from startups such as VDOnet (later acquired by RealNetworks) and Precept (later acquired by Cisco).

Microsoft developed a media player known as ActiveMovie in 1995 that supported streaming media and included a proprietary streaming format, which was the precursor to the streaming feature later in Windows Media Player 6.4 in 1999. In June 1999 Apple also introduced a streaming media format in its QuickTime 4 application. It was later also widely adopted on websites along with RealPlayer and Windows Media streaming formats. The competing formats on websites required internet Radio/TV Player - Activators Patch user to download the respective applications for streaming and resulted in many users having to have all three applications on their computer for general compatibility.

In 2000 Industryview.com launched its "world's largest streaming video archive" website to help businesses promote themselves.[18] Webcasting became an emerging tool for business marketing and advertising that combined the immersive nature of television with the interactivity of the Web. The ability to collect data and feedback from potential customers caused this technology to gain momentum quickly.[19]

Around 2002, the interest in a single, unified, streaming format and the widespread adoption of Adobe Flash prompted the development of a video streaming format through Flash, which was the format used in Flash-based players on video hosting sites. The first popular video streaming site, YouTube, was founded by Steve Chen, Chad Hurley and Jawed Karim in 2005. It initially used a Flash-based player, which played MPEG-4 AVC video and AAC audio, but now defaults to HTML5 video.[20] Increasing consumer demand for live streaming has prompted YouTube to implement a new live streaming service to users.[21] The company currently also offers a (secured) link returning the available connection speed of the user.[22]

The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) revealed through its 2015 earnings report that streaming services were responsible for 34.3 percent of the year's total music industry's revenue, growing 29 percent from the previous year and becoming the largest source of income, pulling in around $2.4 billion.[23][24] US streaming revenue grew 57 percent to $1.6 billion in the first half of 2016 and accounted for almost half of industry sales.[25]

Streaming wars[edit]

See also: List of streaming service providers

The term "streaming wars" was coined to discuss the new era of competition between video streaming services such as Netflix, Amazon Prime Video, Hulu, HBO Max, Disney+, and Apple TV+.[26]

Use by the general public[edit]

Live streaming service at zoo by Niconico

Advances in computer networking, combined with powerful home computers and operating system advances, made streaming media practical and affordable for the public. Stand-alone Internet radio devices emerged to offer listeners a non-technical option for listening to audio streams. These audio streaming services have become increasingly popular, as streaming music reached a record of 118.1 billion streams in 2013.[27] In general, multimedia content has a large volume, so media storage and transmission costs are still significant. Media are generally compressed for transport and storage. Increasing consumer demand for streaming of high definition (HD) content has led the industry to develop technologies such as WirelessHD and ITU-T G.hn, which are optimized for streaming HD content. In 1996, Marc Scarpa produced the first large-scale, online, live broadcast, the Adam Yauch-led Tibetan Freedom Concert, an event that would define the format of social change broadcasts. Scarpa continued to pioneer in the streaming media world with projects such as Woodstock '99, Townhall with President Clinton, and more recently Covered CA's campaign "Tell a Friend Get Covered" which was live streamed on YouTube.

"Streaming creates the illusion—greatly magnified by headphone use, which is another matter—that music is a utility you can turn on and off; the water metaphor is intrinsic to how it works. It dematerializes music, denies it a crucial measure of autonomy, reality, and power. It makes music seem disposable, impermanent. Hence it intensifies the ebb and flow of pop fashion, the way musical 'memes' rise up for a week or a month and are then forgotten. And it renders our experience of individual artists/groups shallower."

—Robert Christgau, 2018[28]

A media stream can be streamed either "live" or "on demand". Live streams are generally provided by a means called "true streaming". True streaming sends the information straight to the computer or device without saving the file to a hard disk. On-demand streaming is provided by a means called progressive streaming or progressive download. Progressive streaming saves the file to a hard disk and then is played from that location. On-demand streams are often saved to hard disks and servers for extended amounts of time; while the live streams are only available at one time only (e.g., during the football game).[29] Streaming media is increasingly being coupled with use of social media. For example, sites such as YouTube encourage social interaction in webcasts through features such as live chat, online surveys, user posting of comments online and more. Furthermore, streaming media is increasingly being used for social business and e-learning.[30] Due to the popularity of the streaming media, many developers have introduced free HD movie streaming apps for the people who use smaller devices such as tablets and smartphones for everyday purposes.

The Horowitz Research State of Pay TV, OTT and SVOD 2017 report said that 70 percent of those viewing content did so through a streaming service, and that 40 percent of TV viewing was done this way, twice the number from five years earlier. Millennials, the report said, streamed 60 percent of content.[31]

Transition from a DVD-based to streaming culture[edit]

A typical webcast, streaming in an embedded media player

One of the movie streaming industry's largest impacts was on the DVD industry, which effectively met its demise with the mass popularization of online content. The rise of media streaming caused the downfall of many DVD rental companies such as Blockbuster. In July 2015, The New York Times published an article about Netflix's DVD services. It stated that Netflix was continuing their DVD services with 5.3 million subscribers, which was a significant drop from the previous year. On the other hand, their streaming Process Lasso 10.0.0.164 Crack+ Serial Key 2021 - Activators Patch had 65 million members.[32]

The roots of music streaming: Napster[edit]

Music streaming is one of the most popular ways in which consumers interact with streaming media. In the age of digitization, the private consumption of music transformed into a public good largely due to one player in the market: Napster.

Napster, a peer-to-peer (P2P) file sharing network where users could upload and download MP3 files freely, broke all music industry conventions when it launched in internet Radio/TV Player - Activators Patch 1999 in Hull, Massachusetts. The platform was developed by Internet Radio/TV Player - Activators Patch and John Fanning as well as Sean Parker.[33] In an interview from 2009, Shawn Fanning explained that Napster "was something that came to me as a result of seeing a sort of an unmet need and the passion people had for being able to find all this music, particularly a lot of the obscure stuff which wouldn't be something you go to a record store and purchase, so it felt like a problem worth solving."[34]

Not only did this development disrupt the music industry by making songs that previously required payment to acquire freely accessible to any Napster user, it demonstrated the power of P2P networks in turning any digital file into a public, shareable good. For the brief period of time that Napster existed, mp3 files fundamentally changed as a type of good. Songs were no longer financially excludable – barring access to a computer with internet access – and they were not rival, meaning if one person downloaded a song it did not diminish another user from doing the same. Napster, like most other providers of public goods, faced the problem of free riding. Every user benefits when an individual uploads an mp3 file, but there is no requirement or mechanism that forces all users to share their music. Thus, Napster users were incentivized to let others upload music without sharing any of their own files.

This structure revolutionized the consumer's perception of ownership over digital goods – it made music freely replicable. Napster quickly garnered millions of users, growing faster than any other business in history. At the peak of its existence, Napster boasted about 80 million users globally. The site gained so much traffic that many college campuses had to block access to Napster because it created network congestion from so many students sharing music files.[35]

The advent of Napster sparked the creation of numerous other P2P sites including LimeWire (2000), BitTorrent (2001), and the Pirate Bay (2003). The reign of P2P networks was short-lived. The first to fall was Napster in 2001. Numerous lawsuits were filed against Napster by various record labels, all of which were subsidiaries of Universal Music Group, Sony Music Entertainment, Warner Music Group, or EMI. In addition to this, the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) also filed a lawsuit against Napster on the grounds of unauthorized distribution of copyrighted material, which ultimately led Napster to shutting down in 2001.[35] In an interview with Gary Stiffelman, who represents Eminem, Aerosmith, and TLC, he explained why Napster was a problem for record labels: loss in revenue. In an interview with the New York Times, Stiffelman said, "I’m not an opponent of artists’ music being included in these services, I'm just an opponent of their revenue not being shared."[36]

The fight for intellectual serial key eset internet security rights: A&M Records, Inc. v. Napster, Inc.[edit]

The lawsuit A&M Records, Inc. v. Napster, Inc. fundamentally changed the way consumers interact with music streaming. It was argued on 2 October 2000 and was decided on 12 February 2001. The Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit ruled that a P2P file sharing service could be held liable for contributory and vicarious infringement of copyright, serving as a landmark decision for Intellectual property law.[37]

The first issue that the Court addressed was "fair use," which says that otherwise infringing activities are permissible so long as it is for purposes "such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching [.] scholarship, or research."[38] Judge Beezer, the Judge for this case, noted that Napster claimed that its services fit "three specific alleged fair uses: sampling, where users make temporary copies of a work before purchasing; space-shifting, where users access a sound recording through the Napster system that they already own in audio CD format; and permissive distribution of recordings by both new and established artists."[38] Judge Beezer found that Napster did not fit these criteria, instead enabling their users to repeatedly copy music, which would affect the market value of the copyrighted good.

The second claim by the plaintiffs was that Napster was actively contributing to copyright infringement since it had knowledge of widespread file sharing on their platform. Since Napster took no action to reduce infringement and financially benefited from repeated use, the Court ruled against the P2P site. The court found that "as much as eighty-seven percent of the files available on Napster may be copyrighted and more than seventy percent may be owned or administered by plaintiffs."[38]

The injunction ordered against Napster ended the brief period in which music streaming was a public good – non-rival and non-excludable in nature. Other P2P networks had some success at sharing MP3s, though they all met a similar fate in court. The ruling set the precedent that copyrighted digital content cannot be freely replicated and shared unless given consent by the owner, thereby strengthening the property rights of artists and record labels alike.[37]

As music streaming platforms have become more prevalent in the U.S., music piracy rates have fallen. Piracy rates are calculated as a function of U.S. total population. This data was sourced from AVS Video Converter 12.2.1 Crack Serial Key Free Download 2021 Digital Media Association's (DiMA) annual report from March 2018.[39]

Music streaming platforms[edit]

Although music streaming is no longer a freely replicable public good, streaming platforms such as Spotify, Deezer, Apple Music, SoundCloud, and Amazon Music have shifted music streaming to a club-type good. While some platforms, most notably Spotify, give customers access to a freemium service that enables the use of limited features for exposure to advertisements, most companies operate under a premium subscription model.[40] Under such circumstances, music streaming is financially excludable, requiring that customers pay a monthly fee for access to a music library, but non-rival, since one customer's use does not impair another's.

Music streaming platforms have grown rapidly in popularity in recent years. Spotify has over 207 million users, as of 1 January 2019, in 78 different countries,[41] Apple Music has about 60 million, and SoundCloud has 175 million.[42] All platforms provide varying degrees of accessibility. Apple Music and Prime Music only offer their services for paid subscribers, whereas Spotify and SoundCloud offer freemium and premium services. Napster, owned by Rhapsody since 2011, has resurfaced as a music streaming platform offering subscription based services to over 4.5 million users as of January 2017.[43] As music streaming providers have proliferated and competition has pushed the price of subscriptions down, music piracy rates have also fallen (see chart to the right).

The music industry's response utorrent free download for windows 10 - Free Activators music streaming was initially negative. Along with music piracy, streaming services disrupted the market and contributed to the fall in revenue from $14.6 billion in revenue in 1999 to $6.3 billion in 2009 for the U.S. CD's and single-track downloads were not selling because content was freely available on the Internet. The result was that record labels invested more in artists that were "safe" – chart music became more appealing to producers than bands with unique sounds. In 2018, however, music streaming revenue exceeded that of traditional revenue streams (e.g. record sales, album sales, downloads).[44] 2017 alone saw a 41.1% increase in streaming revenue alone and an 8.1% increase in overall revenue.[44] Streaming revenue is one of the largest driving forces behind the growth in the music industry. In an interview, Jonathan Dworkin, a senior vice president of strategy and business development at Universal, said that "we cannot be afraid of perpetual change, because that dynamism is driving growth."[44]

Technologies[edit]

Bandwidth[edit]

A broadband speed of 2 Mbit/s or more is recommended for streaming standard definition video without experiencing buffering or skips, especially live video,[45] for example to a Roku, Apple TV, Google TV or a Sony TV Blu-ray Disc Player. 5 Mbit/s is recommended for High Definition content and 9 Mbit/s for Ultra-High Definition content.[46] Streaming media storage size is calculated from the streaming bandwidth and length of the media using the following formula (for a single user and file): storage size in megabytes is equal to length (in seconds) × bit rate (in bit/s) / (8 × 1024 × 1024). For example, one hour of digital video encoded at 300 kbit/s (this was a typical broadband video in 2005 and it was usually encoded in a 320 × 240 pixels window size) will be: (3,600 s × 300,000 bit/s) / (8×1024×1024) requires around 128 MB of storage.

If the file is stored on a server for on-demand streaming and this stream is viewed by 1,000 people at the same time using a Unicast protocol, the requirement is 300 kbit/s × 1,000 = 300,000 kbit/s = 300 Mbit/s of bandwidth. This is equivalent to around 135 GB per hour. Using a multicast protocol the server sends out only a single stream that is common to all users. Therefore, such a stream would only use 300 kbit/s of serving bandwidth. See below for more information on these protocols. The calculation for live streaming is similar. Assuming that the seed at the encoder is 500 kbit/s and if the show lasts for 3 hours with 3,000 viewers, then the calculation is number of MBs transferred = encoder speed (in bit/s) × number of seconds × number of viewers / (8 × 1024 × 1024). The results of this calculation are as follows: number of MBs transferred = 500 x 1024 (bit/s) × 3 × 3,600 ( = 3 hours) × 3,000 (number of viewers) / (8 × 1024 × 1024) = 1,977,539 MB.[dubious – discuss]

In 2018 video is more than 60% of data traffic worldwide and accounts for 80% of growth in data usage.[47][48]

Protocols[edit]

Unicast connections require multiple connections from the same streaming server even when it streams the same content.

The audio stream is compressed to make the file size smaller using an audio coding format such as MP3, Vorbis, AAC or Opus. The video stream is compressed using a video coding format to make the file size smaller. Video coding formats include H.264, HEVC, VP8 or VP9. Encoded audio and video streams are assembled in a container "bitstream" such as MP4, FLV, WebM, ASF or ISMA. The bitstream is delivered from a streaming server to a streaming client (e.g., the computer user with their Internet-connected laptop) using a transport protocol, such as Adobe's RTMP or RTP. In the 2010s, technologies such as Apple's HLS, Microsoft's Smooth Streaming, Adobe's HDS and non-proprietary formats such as MPEG-DASH have emerged to enable adaptive bitrate streaming over HTTP as an alternative to using proprietary transport protocols. Often, a streaming transport protocol is used to send video from an event venue to a "cloud" transcoding service and CDN, which then uses HTTP-based transport protocols to distribute the video to individual homes and users.[49] The streaming client (the end user) may interact with the streaming server using a control protocol, such as MMS or RTSP.

The quality of the interaction between servers and users is based on the workload of the streaming service; as more users attempt to access a service, the more quality is affected unless there is enough bandwidth or the host is using enough proxy networks.[50] Deploying clusters of streaming servers is one such method where there are regional servers spread across the network, managed by a singular, central server containing copies of all the media files as well as the IP addresses of the regional servers. This central server then uses load balancing and scheduling algorithms to redirect users to nearby regional servers capable of accommodating them. This approach also allows the central server to provide streaming data to both users as well as regional servers using FFMpeg libraries if required, thus demanding the central server to have powerful data-processing and immense storage capabilities. In return, workloads on the streaming backbone network are balanced and alleviated, allowing for optimal streaming quality.[51]

Designing a network protocol to support streaming media raises many problems. Datagram protocols, such as the User Datagram Protocol (UDP), send the media stream as a series of small packets. This is simple and efficient; however, there is no mechanism within the protocol to guarantee delivery. It is up to the receiving application to detect loss or corruption and recover data using error correction techniques. If data is lost, the stream may suffer a dropout. The Real-time Streaming Protocol (RTSP), Real-time Transport Protocol (RTP) and the Real-time Transport Control Protocol (RTCP) were specifically designed to stream media over networks. RTSP runs over a variety of transport protocols, while the latter two are built on top of UDP.

Another approach that seems to incorporate both the advantages of using a standard web protocol and the ability to be used for streaming even live content is adaptive bitrate streaming. HTTP adaptive bitrate streaming is based on HTTP progressive download, but contrary to the previous approach, here the files are very small, so that they can be compared to the streaming of packets, much like the case of using RTSP and RTP.[52] Reliable protocols, such as the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP), guarantee correct delivery of each bit in the media stream. However, they accomplish this with a system of timeouts and retries, which makes them more complex to implement. It also means that when there is data loss on the network, the media stream stalls while the protocol handlers detect the loss and retransmit the missing data. Clients can minimize this effect by buffering data for display. While delay due to buffering is acceptable in video on demand scenarios, users of interactive applications such as video conferencing will experience a loss of fidelity if the delay caused by buffering exceeds 200 ms.[53]

Multicasting broadcasts the same copy of the multimedia over the entire network to a group of clients

Unicast protocols send a separate copy of the media stream from the server to each recipient. Unicast is the norm for most Internet connections, but does not scale well when many users want to view the same television program concurrently. Multicast protocols were developed to reduce the server/network loads resulting from duplicate data streams that occur when many recipients receive unicast content streams independently. These protocols send a single stream from the source to a group of recipients. Depending on the network infrastructure and type, multicast transmission may or may not be feasible. One potential disadvantage of multicasting is the loss of video on demand functionality. Continuous streaming of radio or television material usually precludes the recipient's ability to control playback. However, this problem can be mitigated by elements such as caching servers, digital set-top boxes, and buffered media players.

IP Multicast provides a means to send a single media stream to a group of recipients on a computer network. A multicast protocol, usually Internet Group Management Protocol, is used to manage delivery of multicast streams to the groups of recipients on a LAN. One of the challenges in deploying IP multicast is that routers and firewalls between LANs must allow the passage of packets destined to multicast groups. If the organization that is serving the content has control over the network between server and recipients (i.e., educational, government, and corporate intranets), then routing protocols such as Protocol Independent Multicast can be used to deliver stream content to multiple Local Area Network segments. Peer-to-peer (P2P) protocols arrange for prerecorded streams to be sent between computers. This prevents the server and its network connections from becoming a bottleneck. However, it raises technical, performance, security, quality, and business issues.

Recording[edit]

Media that is livestreamed can be recorded through certain media players such as VLC player, or through the use of a screen recorder. Live-streaming platforms such as Twitch may also incorporate a video on demand system that allows automatic recording of live broadcasts so that they can be watched later.[54] The popular site, YouTube also has recordings of live broadcasts, including television shows aired on major networks. These streams have the potential to be recorded by anyone who has access to them, whether legally or otherwise.[55]

Applications and marketing[edit]

[icon]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (December 2016)

Useful – and typical – applications of the "streaming" concept are, for example, long video lectures performed "online" on the Internet.[56] An advantage of this presentation is that these lectures can be very long, although they can always be interrupted or repeated at arbitrary places. There are also new marketing concepts. For example, the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra sells Internet live streams of whole concerts, instead of several CDs or similar fixed media, by their so-called "Digital Concert Hall"[57] using YouTube for "trailing" purposes only. These "online concerts" are also spread over a lot of different places – cinemas – at various places on the globe. A similar concept is used by the Metropolitan Opera in New York. There also is a livestream from the International Space Station.[58][59] In video entertainment, video streaming platforms like Netflix, Hulu, and Disney+ are mainstream elements of the media industry.[60]

Challenges[edit]

Copyright issues[edit]

See also: Copyright aspects of downloading and streaming

Streaming copyrighted content can involve making infringing copies of the works in question. The recording and distribution of streamed content is also an issue for many companies that rely on revenue based on views or attendance.[61]

Greenhouse gas emissions[edit]

The net greenhouse gas emissions from streaming music have been estimated at between 200 and 350 million kilograms per year in the United States, according to a 2019 study.[62] This is an increase from emissions in the pre-digital music period, which were estimated at "140 million kilograms in 1977, 136 million kilograms in 1988, and 157 million in 2000."[63]

A 2021 study claims that one hour of streaming or videoconferencing "emits 150-1,000 grams of carbon dioxide . requires 2-12 liters of water and demands a land area adding up to about the size of an iPad Mini." The study suggests that turning the camera off during video calls can reduce the greenhouse gas and water use footprints by 96%, and that an 86% reduction is possible by using standard definition rather than high definition when streaming content with apps such as Netflix or Hulu.[64]

One way to decrease greenhouse gas emissions associated with streaming music is making data centerscarbon neutral, by converting to electricity produced from renewable sources. On an individual level, purchase of a physical CD may be more environmentally friendly if it is to be played more than 27 times.[65] Another option for reducing energy use can be downloading the music for offline listening, to reduce the need for streaming over distance.[65] The Spotify service has a built-in local cache to reduce the necessity of repeating song streams.[66]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^Gelman, A.D.; Halfin, S.; Willinger, W. (1991). "On buffer requirements for store-and-forward video on demand service circuits". IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference GLOBECOM '91: Countdown to the New Millennium. Conference Record. IEEE. pp. 976–980. doi:10.1109/GLOCOM.1991.188525. ISBN . S2CID 61767197.
  2. ^Reason, Samuel (6 November 2020). "Music Streaming Actually Existed Back In 1890". blitzlift.com. Retrieved 27 December 2020.
  3. ^US 1,641,608, "Electrical signaling" 
  4. ^Greene, Bob. "GETTING PERSONAL Templatetoaster 7.1 crack THE JUKEBOX". chicagotribune.com. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 27 December 2020.
  5. ^ abFurness, Zack (17 October 2019). "Did You Know Music Streaming Has Roots in Pittsburgh?". pittsburghmagazine.com. Retrieved 27 December 2020.
  6. ^Bradley-Steck, Tara (4 September 1988). "Complex Link-Up of Phone Lines, Old Phonograph Records : 'Human Jukebox' Spins Sounds for the Heart". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 27 December 2020.
  7. ^Lee, Jack (2005). Scalable Continuous Media Streaming Systems: Architecture, Design, Analysis and Implementation. John Wiley & Sons. p. 25. ISBN .
  8. ^ abCe, Zhu (2010). Streaming Media Architectures, Techniques, and Applications: Recent Advances: Recent Advances. IGI Global. p. 26. ISBN .
  9. ^Ghanbari, Mohammed (2003). Standard Codecs: Image Compression to Advanced Video Coding. Institution of Engineering and Technology. pp. 1–2. ISBN .
  10. ^Huang, Hsiang-Cheh; Fang, Wai-Chi (2007). Intelligent Multimedia Data Hiding: New Directions. Springer. p. 41. ISBN .
  11. ^Guckert, John (Spring 2012). "The Use of FFT and MDCT in MP3 Audio Compression"(PDF). University of Utah. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  12. ^Brandenburg, Karlheinz (1999). "MP3 and AAC Explained"(PDF). Archived(PDF) from the original on 13 February 2017. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  13. ^"History of the Internet Pt. 1 – The First Live Stream". From YouTube.com. Internet Archive – Stream Division. 5 April 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
  14. ^"RealNetworks Inc". Funding Universe. Retrieved 23 July 2011.
  15. ^"Cyberian Rhapsody". Billboard. United States: Lynne Segall. 17 February 1996.
  16. ^Tobagi, F.A.; Pang, J. (1993). "Star Works-a video applications server". Digest of Papers. Compcon Spring. pp. 4–11. doi:10.1109/CMPCON.1993.289623. ISBN . S2CID 61039780.
  17. ^"Starlight Networks and Hughes Network Systems".
  18. ^Hebert, Steve (November 2000). "Streaming Video Opens New Doors". Videography. p. 164.
  19. ^Reinstein, Bill (25 June 2001). "Webcasts Mature as Marketing Tool". DM News. p. 24.
  20. ^"YouTube now defaults to HTML5 <video>". YouTube Engineering and Developers Blog. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  21. ^Josh Lowensohn (2008). "YouTube to Offer Live Streaming This Year". Retrieved 23 July 2011.
  22. ^"YouTube Video Speed History". YouTube. Archived from the original on 26 April 2012. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
  23. ^"News and Notes on 2015 RIAA Shipment and Revenue Statistics"(PDF). RIAA. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  24. ^"Streaming made more revenue for music industry in 2015 than digital downloads, physical sales". The Washington Times. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
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  26. ^"Streaming Wars". The Verge. Retrieved 1 December 2019.
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  28. ^Christgau, Robert (20 November 2018). "Xgau Sez". robertchristgau.com. Archived from the original on 26 July 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  29. ^Grant and Meadows. (2009). Communication Technology Update and Fundamentals 11th Edition. pp.114
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  31. ^Umstead, R. Thomas (5 June 6, 2021 - Free Activators 2017). "Horowitz: Streaming Is the New Normal". Broadcasting & Cable: 4.
  32. ^Steel, Emily (26 July 2015). "Netflix Refines Its DVD Business, Even as Streaming Unit Booms". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 21 June 2017. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  33. ^"Ashes to ashes, peer to peer: An oral history of Napster". Fortune. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  34. ^31 May, Benny Evangelista on; PM, 2009 at 8:00 (1 June 2009). "An interview with Napster's Shawn Fanning". The Technology Chronicles. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  35. ^ abexpertise, Mark Harris Brings music; Producer, Including a Background as a Music; composer; Articles, To Digital Music. "The History of Napster: Yes, It's Still Around". Lifewire. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  36. ^Strauss, Neil (18 February 2002). "Record Labels' Answer to Napster Still Has Artists Feeling Bypassed". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  37. ^ ab"Case Study: A&M Records, Inc. v. Napster, Inc. – Blog

    Ways to Listen

    On Our Website

    At the top of every page there is a blue player with a white play button. Click this to start listening to WHYY’s live stream.

    Feel free to navigate to other pages on the website. Our player will continue to play while you browse. You can also listen to individual stories or podcasts on demand by clicking the blue “Play” button next to the headline.

    On Our App

    The WHYY-FM programming you love is now available via the freeWHYY app! Stream WHYY-FM, listen to on-demand audio, read the latest local news and more. Use the links above to download it from the App Store or Google Play.

    On Other Apps

    You can stream WHYY on partner services like Tunein or iTunes Radio.

    In Your Car

    Besides finding us on the radio dial at WHYY-FM 90.9 in Philadelphia (see below for New Jersey stations), you can use our app to stream WHYY via bluetooth, through CarPlay (CarPlay enabled car models only) or directly through a USB cable or car adapter.

    New Jersey stations

    • WNJB-FM 89.3 Bridgeton, NJ
    • WNJM-FM 89.9 Manahawkin, NJ
    • WNJN-FM 89.7 Atlantic City, NJ
    • WNJZ-FM 90.3 Cape May Courthouse, NJ
    • WNJS-FM 88.1 Berlin, NJ

    On Your Smart Home Device (i.e., Alexa or Google Home)

    Your home smart speaker comes ready to play WHYY-FM. Just give it a command like: “Alexa, play NPR” or “Okay Google, Play WHYY.”

    On-Demand

    Check out our podcasts and hear your favorite WHYY shows on-demand. Our podcasts are available on Apple Podcasts (iOS), Stitcher, RadioPublic and Google Play Music.

    WHYY Plus

    Classical 24 draws from the heart of the Classical and Romantic repertoires.
    Stream here or download the schedule here.

    Источник: https://whyy.org/ways-to-stream/

    Pandora on Samsung TV

    Follow the steps below to set up, operate and troubleshoot Pandora on your Samsung TV:

    Set up Pandora on a Samsung TV
    Sort stations from a Samsung TV
    Delete stations from a Samsung TV
    Explicit content on your Samsung TV
    Sign out of Pandora on a Samsung TV
    Samsung TV Troubleshooting


    Set up Pandora on a Samsung TV

    1. Launch Pandora and select Log In.
    2. You will see the activation screen, with the activation code.  Make sure to keep the activation code screen up on your device until the following steps are complete.
    3. If you'd like to activate your device from the web, visit this activation page and enter the activation code. To activate your device from your mobile phone instead, open the Pandora app and go to Settings, then tap Device Activation and enter the code.
    4. Finally, select Continue on your device.

    Sort your collection from a Samsung TV

    Sort stations as a Free or Plus user:

    By default your stations will be sorted by those most recently played.

    If you'd prefer that your collection be sorted alphabetically, you can change this preference in your Settings. Simply open your Settings, select Content Settings, and select the A to Z sorting option.

     

    Sort stations as a Pandora Premium subscriber:

    You can sort your collection within My Music by using the Up and Down keys on your remote.

    By default your albums, playlists and songs will be sorted by the date you added them, and your stations will be sorted by those most recently played. Artists are always sorted alphabetically.

    If you're looking for one of your playlists, just search for it in the search bar, and Pandora will pull it up for you.

    If you'd prefer that your albums, playlists, songs, or stations be sorted alphabetically by default, you can change this preference in your Settings. Simply open your Settings, select Content Settings, and select the A to Z sorting option.


    Delete stations from a Samsung TV

    To delete a station from your Samsung TV, start playing the station you'd like to delete. Then, using the directional pad on your remote, tap the center button to interact with the album art of the currently playing track.

    This should display the option to delete the station.


    For Premium Users on Samsung TV:

    While you can delete radio stations from your Samsung TV, it's not currently possible to delete playlists. You can delete playlists from our website or your mobile device, and your changes will carry over.


    Explicit Content on Samsung TV

    Explicit Content filtering is on by default for in-home products like Samsung TVs, since they are frequently used in family settings.

    To adjust the Explicit Content settings on your Samsung TV:

    1. Go to your Settings. You'll see the options for explicit content under Content Settings.
    2. Adjust your settings as you see fit. You will be prompted to input your current Pandora password to save this setting.

    Enabling the Explicit Content filter will limit Pandora to playing music on your stations that could play internet Radio/TV Player - Activators Patch daytime broadcast radio. Note that this can only be applied to all your radio stations (not specific stations or on-demand content).


    Sign out of Pandora on a Samsung TV

    To sign out of your Pandora account on your Samsung TV, click on Settings and select Sign Out.


    Samsung TV Troubleshooting

    This issue is usually specific to the network you're using to access Pandora, or due to an error on the device itself.

    First, make sure your device has the latest firmware by checking for a new update.

    To do this, press Menu on your remote and scroll down to Support. Then select Software Update.

    If an update is available, try loading Pandora again once the update is complete.

    Next, try deleting and re-adding the Pandora app from the app store on your Samsung TV.

    If you're still having the same problem, then try a few standard network troubleshooting steps:

    • Try connecting directly via an Ethernet cable rather than using Wi-Fi (if you have this option on your device), and see if that helps.
    • Try rebooting your modem and router and restarting the device.

    You should also contact Samsung directly to troubleshoot your specific device and settings.

    You can view their support page here. Or, contact them directly using this link.
     

    Источник: https://help.pandora.com/s/article/Pandora-on-Samsung

    Contour Stream Player

    1 Year Term Agreement
    Your Internet plan comes with a 1-year term agreement, allowing you fixed rates on your monthly services during that period. If you prefer month-to-month flexibility, you can remove the term agreement from your plan. If your Internet service is disconnected during the term, you may be charged an early termination fee and the regular rates for your remaining services are subject to change.

    Internet Starter 25 - Discount
    Offer expires 03/28/2022 and is available to new residential Cox Internet customers in select Cox service areas. Promotional period runs from first installation of Internet service, even if you change speeds. After promotional period, regular rates apply. Log in to your account or call us to learn about available discounted rates for different speed options. See www.cox.com for current regular rates. Advertised rate excludes taxes, surcharges, equipment, professional installation, usage-based charges (data overages, streaming subscriptions, etc.), and other fees or charges, which are subject to change. A credit check and/or deposit may be required. May not be combined with other offers or discounts. Advertised rate and taxes vary by service location. Other restrictions may apply.

    Internet Starter 25
    Requires a DOCSIS 3.0 or higher modem. Use of a Cox-approved cable modem is required. Accessing your service via wifi may result in reduced Internet speeds due to the type of equipment used, environmental and structural conditions in your home, the number of users and other contributing factors. Uninterrupted or error-free Internet service, or the speed of your service, is not guaranteed. Actual speeds vary. See www.cox.com/internetdisclosures for complete Cox Internet Disclosures. Other restrictions may apply. All Cox Internet plans include 1.25 TB (1,280 GB) per month of data usage. Additional Data Plans can be added for an additional monthly charge. Excess usage is $10 per additional 50 GB block, except for Unlimited Data Plan subscribers. Unused data does not roll over. For more details on data plans and data usage, see cox.com/dataspeedplans and cox.com/datausage. Cox cannot guarantee the intended results from the McAfee® services or that the McAfee® software will be error-free, free from interruptions or other failures. The McAfee® services and features are subject to change. McAfee® is a registered trademark of McAfee®, Inc.

    Panoramic Wifi
    Accessing your service via wifi may result in reduced Internet speeds due to the type of equipment used, environmental and structural conditions in your home, the number of users and other contributing factors. Uninterrupted or error-free Internet service, or the speed of your service, is not guaranteed. Actual speeds vary. See www.cox.com/internetdisclosures for Cox Internet Disclosures. One Elite Gamer connection is included with a Cox Panoramic Wifi subscription; up to 3 additional connections available for purchase. Advanced Security must be enabled in the Panoramic Wifi app. Panoramic Wifi Pods, sold separately, may be required for extended coverage. Panoramic Wifi Upgrade Commitment: Cox will push available software updates to your Panoramic Wifi gateway and every three years, you're eligible to swap for an upgraded device. If you already have our latest device for your internet plan, we’ll let you know when there’s a newer option available. Program subject to change.

    Wireless 4K Contour Stream Player
    Cannot be combined with Cox TV or Contour TV services. Contour Stream Player requires Internet Starter or higher and may require Panoramic Wifi with a Panoramic Gateway rental. Internet Starter is an additional service cost outside of the receiver rate. Contour Stream Player only allows the ability to access streaming apps, and On Demand content that can be purchased, rented, or subscribed to. Separate charges apply to streaming services and subscriptions required for Netflix, Prime Video, and other streaming services. Streaming usage counts toward Cox data plans. For more details on data plans and data usage, see cox.com/dataspeedplans and cox.com/datausage. Netflix streaming subject to the Netflix Terms of Use at www.netflix.com/TermsOfUse. Amazon, Prime Video and all related logos are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. Prime membership or Prime Video subscription required. YouTube and the YouTube Icon are trademarks of Google LLC. Peacock © 2020 Peacock TV LLC. Peacock and related marks are trademarks of Peacock LLC. All Rights Reserved. Activation required to access Peacock. Other restrictions apply.

    Источник: https://www.cox.com/residential/tv/streaming-devices.html
    internet Radio/TV Player  - Activators Patch

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5 Replies to “Internet Radio/TV Player - Activators Patch”

  1. I believe in you too. What a Great message to hear. God bless you all in many ways 😊❤ 🙏 💖♥ 💕 🙌. God is good all the time. I love you Always. No matter who you are. I pray for you all.

  2. What happens if it's too cold during or after application, does it just take longer to cure? I'm on the dangerous end of the recommended temp of 15C and it goes lower than that overnight, should I be concerned? Never got around to doing it in summer as it was just too miserably hot.

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